Ancient Greek poet Hesiod (; Greek: Ἡσίοδος Hēsíodos, 'he who emits the voice') was an ancient Greek poet generally thought to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer. He is generally regarded as the first written poet in the Western tradition to regard himself as an individual persona with an active role to play in his subject. Ancient authors credited Hesiod and Homer with establishing Greek religious customs. Modern scholars refer to him as a major source on Greek mythology, farming techniques, early economic thought, archaic Greek astronomy and ancient time-keeping. Life Hesiod and the Muse (1891), by Gustave Moreau. The poet is presented with a lyre, in contradiction to the account given by Hesiod himself in which the gift was a laurel staff. The Dance of the Muses at Mount Helicon by Bertel Thorvaldsen (1807). Various legends accumulated about Hesiod and they are recorded in several sources: Dating Modern Mount Helicon.
Related: Lucretius - On the Nature of Things
• Plato's Symposium
• The Sorrow of Young Werther by Goethe
Related: Cratylus By Plato