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Second planet from the Sun in the Solar System Venus is a terrestrial planet and is sometimes called Earth's "sister planet" because of their similar size, mass, proximity to the Sun, and bulk composition. It is radically different from Earth in other respects. It has the densest atmosphere of the four terrestrial planets, consisting of more than 96% carbon dioxide. The atmospheric pressure at the planet's surface is about 92 times the sea level pressure of Earth, or roughly the pressure at 900 m (3,000 ft) underwater on Earth. Venus has, by far, the hottest surface of any planet in the Solar System, with a mean temperature of 737 K (464 °C; 867 °F), even though Mercury is closer to the Sun. As one of the brightest objects in the sky, Venus has been a major fixture in human culture for as long as records have existed. The possibility of life on Venus has long been a topic of speculation, and in recent years has received active research. Physical characteristics Geography Surface geology

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Venus In Roman mythology, Venus was the goddess of love, sex, beauty, and fertility. She was the Roman counterpart to the Greek Aphrodite. However, Roman Venus had many abilities beyond the Greek Aphrodite; she was a goddess of victory, fertility, and even prostitution. According to Hesiod's Theogony, Aphrodite was born of the foam from the sea after Saturn (Greek Cronus) castrated his father Uranus (Ouranus) and his blood fell to the sea.

Diomedes Hero in Greek mythology Diomedes, King of Argos – Roman copy of a statue by Kresilas from c. 430 BC. Glyptothek, Munich. Athena counseling Diomedes shortly before he enters the battle. Proserpina Ancient Roman goddess Cult and myths[edit] Origin as Libera[edit] Libera was officially identified with Proserpina in 205 BC, when she acquired a Romanised form of the Greek mystery rites and their attendant mythology. hermes__hermeticism Hermes & Hermeticism From the Second Key of Basil Valentine, Hermes is shown asa healing god carrying a Caduceus in each hand, note he is winged,crowned,the symbol of Hermes/Mercury above his head,Sun & Moon are on Earth, along with a set of wings rooted to the ground. Hermeticism is a set of philosophical and religious beliefs that appear in the Roman Empire by the 2nd century AD. with the appearance of a series of texts we now call the Corpus Hermeticum. As a class Hermetic texts are focused upon the Greek tou philosphou lthos, in Latin the lapis philosophorum, and in English the Philosophers Stone. Hermeticism was compounded of many different strains of religious and philosophical belief that were current in the Roman Empire at that time.

Trojan War Mythological war Whether there is any historical reality behind the Trojan War remains an open question. Many scholars believe that there is a historical core to the tale, though this may simply mean that the Homeric stories are a fusion of various tales of sieges and expeditions by Mycenaean Greeks during the Bronze Age.

Pygmalion Pygmalion or Pigmalion may refer to: Mythology[edit] Stage[edit] hermetic The Arcanum Hermeticum has been chosen for the first volume of the Collectanea Hermetica, because since its first publication in 1623, in the Latin language, no alchymic tract has been more widely read, and no other has been so often reprinted, alike in Latin, German, French and English. The author, Jean d’Espagnet, was sometime President of the Parliament of Bordeaux, he flourished from 1600 to 1630, and obtained a great reputation as an Hermetic philosopher and alchymist. Two of his alchymic works are alone extant; Enchiridion Physicæ Restitutæ, and Arcanum Philosophiæ Hermeticæ; of these, the former treats of those theories of chemical constitution upon which the possibility of Transmutations of Metals depends, and the latter the Practice of Alchymy. The Arcanum was first published in 1623 in France; five subsequent French editions in the original Latin are known, and an edition in the French tongue was printed in 1651 from the translation of Jean Bachon. S. Sapere Aude.

Pluto Dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt of the Solar System Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune. It was the first and the largest Kuiper belt object to be discovered. Pluto is the ninth-largest and tenth-most-massive known object directly orbiting the Sun. Pyramus and Thisbe Plot[edit] In Ovid's Metamorphoses, Pyramus and Thisbe are two lovers in the city of Babylon who occupy connected houses/walls, forbidden by their parents to be wed, because of their parents' rivalry. Through a crack in one of the walls, they whisper their love for each other. They arrange to meet near Ninus' tomb under a mulberry tree and state their feelings for each other. Thisbe arrives first, but upon seeing a lioness with a mouth bloody from a recent kill, she flees, leaving behind her veil.

The Sublimation of Mercury The sublimation of the mercury made by the Alberto the Great's Work described in "LeComposé des Composés", Arché, Milano, pages 51 to 93 and for the one of Artephius in "Le Livre Secret Du Trés ancien Philosophe Artephius", traitante of l'Arte ocuclte & de la pierre Philosofale: In a mud or stainless steel porringer, mix intimately with a stainless steel spoon 400 g of canonical Mars or Venus effloresced at the sun and reduced to thin powder in a mortar, 200 g of common salt common crackle under heat and reduced to thin powder also and 200 g of native cinnabar sulphide, well grinded and sieved through a 60 lines per centimetre or 120 lines per inch sieve. The proportions are not critical and you can vary them until you obtain the best result depending on the quality of the mineral used..

Dīs Pater 18th century painting showing Mercury (center), Flora (right), and Dīs Pater (left), from Convito per le nozze di Amore e Psiche (The Wedding Feast of Cupid & Psyche), Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Spinola, Genova It is often thought that Dīs Pater was also a Celtic god. This confusion arises from the second-hand citation of one of Julius Caesar's comments in his Commentaries on the Gallic Wars (VI:18), where he says that the Gauls all claimed descent from Dīs Pater. However, Caesar's remark is a clear example of interpretatio Romana: what Caesar meant was that the Gauls all claimed descent from a Gaulish god that reminded him of the Roman Dīs Pater, a scholia on the Pharsalia equates Dis Pater with Taranis, the chief sky deity in the Gaulish religion.[1] Different possible candidates exist for this role in Celtic religion, such as Gaulish Sucellus, Irish Donn and Welsh Beli Mawr, among others.

Pyrrha Deucalion and Pyrrha throwing rocks that become babies. Etymology[edit] In Latin the word pyrrhus means red from the Greek adjective πυρρός, purrhos, i.e. "flame coloured", "the colour of fire", "fiery red" or simply "red" or "reddish".[2][3] Pyrrha was evidently named after her red hair as Horace[4] and Ovid describes her as red haired. Mythology[edit] When Zeus decided to end the Bronze Age with the great deluge, Deucalion and his wife, Pyrrha, were the only survivors.