Bystander Effect - Definition, Examples and Experiment
Bystander Effect Definition The bystander effect, also called bystander apathy, is a term in psychology that refers to the tendency of people to take no action in an emergency situation when there are others present. This phenomenon is highly studied in the field of sociology. Bystander Effect Explained Psychologically, there are many causes of the bystander effect. They range from thinking someone else is in charge, to not understanding the gravity of a situation because there are other people not taking action. This concept was popularized after the 1964 killing of Kitty Genovese in New York City, giving rise to the term, “Genovese Syndrome”. The figure depicts individuals engaged in bystander apathy. As the above image shows, there are a number of potential reasons that people will use to ignore an emergency situation. Bystander Effect Examples In the event of an emergency, the first decision that a person needs to make is whether or not an emergency actually exists. Quiz
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