Measuring Fair Use: The Four Factors - Copyright Overview by Rich Stim
Unfortunately, the only way to get a definitive answer on whether a particular use is a fair use is to have it resolved in federal court. Judges use four factors to resolve fair use disputes, as discussed in detail below. It’s important to understand that these factors are only guidelines that courts are free to adapt to particular situations on a case‑by‑case basis. In other words, a judge has a great deal of freedom when making a fair use determination, so the outcome in any given case can be hard to predict. The four factors judges consider are: the purpose and character of your usethe nature of the copyrighted workthe amount and substantiality of the portion taken, andthe effect of the use upon the potential market. Ignore Heading – Sub heading content Ignore Heading – Sub table content The Transformative Factor: The Purpose and Character of Your Use In a 1994 case, the Supreme Court emphasized this first factor as being an important indicator of fair use. Ignore Heading – Content
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Music Community Tribe of Noise Acquired Free Music Archive. Follow @freemusicarchiv for updates. Search Music
Fair Use in a Nutshell
Fair Use in a Nutshell: A Practical Guide to Fair Use By Attorney Lloyd J. Jassin “Words must be weighed not counted.”
The 'Fair Use' Rule: When Use of Copyrighted Material Is Acceptable
In some situations, you may use another person or entity's copyrighted work without asking permission. Copyright law bestows certain exclusive rights on creators. For example, under 17 U.S. Code § 106, copyright holders have the exclusive right to reproduce their work, create derivative works, and perform the work publicly.
The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education
Coordinated by: The Media Education Lab, Temple University The Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property, American University Washington College of Law The Center for Media & Social Impact, American University With funding from:
The Educator's Guide to Copyright and Fair Use
A five-part series When it comes to copyright law and the application of fair use exceptions, ignorance is definitely not bliss! Learn how to educate yourselves and your students and avoid making a costly mistake!
Online disinhibition and the psychology of trolling
Dunechaser/Flickr/CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 In everyday life, decorum dictates that certain things just don't happen. Funerals, even for divisive figures tend to go by with solemn respect.
Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video - Center for Media and Social Impact
Introduction What This Is This document is a code of best practices that helps creators, online providers, copyright holders, and others interested in the making of online video interpret the copyright doctrine of fair use. Fair use is the right to use copyrighted material without permission or payment under some circumstances.
Exceptions & Limitations: Classroom Use, Fair Use, and more
If copyright gave creators the ability to completely control all uses of their works, creativity and culture would soon grind to a halt. No work is created in a vacuum; all new works build on, are influenced by, and make reference to works that have gone before. Moreover, since copyright has some fundamental public interest purposes, it's important that the public be able to do some kinds of things with all works.
The Psychology of Online Comments
Several weeks ago, on September 24th, Popular Science announced that it would banish comments from its Web site. The editors argued that Internet comments, particularly anonymous ones, undermine the integrity of science and lead to a culture of aggression and mockery that hinders substantive discourse. “Even a fractious minority wields enough power to skew a reader’s perception of a story,” wrote the online-content director Suzanne LaBarre, citing a recent study from the University of Wisconsin-Madison as evidence. While it’s tempting to blame the Internet, incendiary rhetoric has long been a mainstay of public discourse. Cicero, for one, openly called Mark Antony a “public prostitute,” concluding, “but let us say no more of your profligacy and debauchery.”