Quantum Biology and the Puzzle of Coherence One of the more exciting discoveries in biology in the last few years is the role that quantum effects seem to play in many living systems. The two most famous examples are in bird navigation, where the quantum zeno effect seems to help determine the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field, and in photosynthesis, where the way energy passes across giant protein matrices seems to depend on long-lasting quantum coherence. Despite the growing evidence in these cases, many physicists are uneasy, however. The problem is the issue of decoherence, how quickly quantum states can survive before they are overwhelmed by the hot, wet environment inside living things. According to conventional quantum calculations, these states should decay in the blink of an eye, so fast that they should not be able to play any role in biology. That’s led many physicists to assume something is wrong: either the measurements are faulty in some way or there is some undiscovered mechanism that prevents decoherence.
EINSTEIN and BLACK HOLES To understand how the universe was created, Einstein’s general theory of relativity needs to be unified with quantum mechanics. A Danish research team has come up with a theory of how this can be done. (Photo: Colourbox) Every single atom in your body was at one point created in the early universe, for example in supernova explosions – the first atoms being hydrogen atoms, which were presumably created soon after the Big Bang. This, at least, is the best explanation physicists have come up with so far. To understand the creation of our universe, we need to unify Einstein’s general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. But now a research team from Copenhagen University’s Niels Bohr Institute has come up with a concrete framework for how this can be done. They are currently testing mathematical models which can gel the theories into one, and thereby contribute to our understanding of the Big Bang and black holes. The difference between gravity and quantum mechanics
Human Cells have Electric Fields as Powerful as Lighting Bolts -A Galaxy Insight Using newly developed voltage-sensitive nanoparticles, researchers have found that the previously unknown electric fields inside of cells are as strong, or stronger, as those produced in lightning bolts. Previously, it has only been possible to measure electric fields across cell membranes, not within the main bulk of cells, so scientists didn't even know cells had an internal electric field. This discovery is a surprising twist for cell researchers. Scientists don't know what causes these incredibly strong fields or why they' are there. University of Michigan researchers led by chemistry professor Raoul Kopelman encapsulated voltage-sensitive dyes in polymer spheres just 30 nanometers in diameter. "They have developed a tool that allows you to look at cellular changes on a very local level," said Piotr Grodzinski, director of the National Cancer Institute Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer in Technology Review. Posted by Rebecca Sato Related Galaxy posts:
Quantum Biology INSIDE BLACK HOLES It is traditionally believed that our universe was formed approximately 13 billion years ago after the infamous Big Bang. But why did it happen and what was before it? Employees of Astro Space Center of the Physics Institute (ASC FIAN), Vladimir Lukash and Vladimir Strokov believe that the answer to this question can be a black hole. It is nearly impossible to get any reliable information about the black hole, because the force of its gravity is so high that even light particles - photons - cannot break from it. According to scientists, there is a zone inside the hole called singularity, where there is neither space nor time, and the density tends to infinity. It is assumed that the universe emerged from the singularity. Head of the Department of Theoretical Astrophysics ASC FIAN, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Vladimir Lukash and his colleague Vladimir Strokov decided to simulate the situation that allows one to look at the singularity area and see what happens there.
Earthing Research - EarthingInstitute.net Earthing Research The pursuit of scientific proof that contact with the Earth impacts human physiology and health began with Drs. Karol and Pawel Sokal in Poland and Clint Ober in the 1990s. The research that followed has produced fascinating evidence demonstrating that Earthing generates a powerful and positive shift in the electrical state of the body and the electrodynamics of blood, and restores natural self-healing and self-regulating mechanisms. We know that Earthing allows a transfer of electrons (the Earth’s natural, subtle energy) into the body. In the Earthing studies, as well as the feedback from thousands of individuals who have grounded themselves, we have consistent evidence of people whose pain was reduced. The institute hopes that evidence collected to date will inspire researchers with the financial resources to perform large studies to further clarify the benefits of Earthing. Earthing Studies Earthing Commentaries Earthing Institute Statements Matteo Tavera
RADIUS of BLACK HOLES Astronomers line three telescopes together to peer into a black hole'Giant telescope' allows team to measure jets leaving the 'event horizon' - and calculate the black hole's radius By Eddie Wrenn Published: 16:42 GMT, 1 October 2012 | Updated: 17:18 GMT, 2 October 2012 In astronomy, the point of no return is known as a black hole - a region in space where the pull of gravity is so strong that nothing - not even light - can escape. Now, an international team, led by researchers at MIT’s Haystack Observatory, has for the first time measured the radius of a black hole at the center of a distant galaxy - the closest distance at which matter can approach before being irretrievably pulled into the black hole. The scientists linked together radio dishes in Hawaii, Arizona and California to create a telescope array called the 'Event Horizon Telescope' (EHT) that can see details 2,000 times finer than what is visible to the Hubble Space Telescope. Scroll down for video
Flowers get an electrifying buzz out of visiting bees - life - 21 February 2013 Plants could turn out to be one of the more chatty organisms. Recent studies have shown they can communicate with a surprising range of cues. Now it turns out they could be sending out electrical signals, too. As they fly through the air, bees – like all insects – acquire a positive electric charge. Flowers, on the other hand, are grounded and so have a negative charge. Daniel Robert at the University of Bristol, UK, and colleagues set out to investigate whether bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) were able to make use of these signals. To test the idea, the team created artificial flowers, filling some with sucrose and others with quinine, a substance bees don't feed on. "That was the first hint that had us jumping up and down in the lab," says Robert. Next, his team looked at whether the bees were influenced by the shape of a flower's electric field, which is determined by the flower's shape. Ruthless evolution Dishonest advertising Journal reference: Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.1230883
BIRD: QUANTUM ENTENGLEMENT Birds like the European robin have an internal compass which appears to make use of a phenomenon called quantum entanglement. ((Vasily Fedosenko/Reuters)) Bird navigation, plant photosynthesis and the human sense of smell all represent ways living things appear to exploit the oddities of quantum physics, scientists are finding. Quantum mechanics is the branch of physics dealing with the strange behaviour of very tiny things like elementary particles and atoms, and is extremely different from the physics that humans experience every day. "Down at that level, everything is pretty darn weird," Seth Lloyd said before giving a lecture about quantum aspects of biology Wednesday evening in Waterloo, Ont. "Electrons can be in two places in once, or five places at once, or a thousand places at once. "When things get bigger, certainly on the scale of human beings or even at the scale of bacteria, then this kind of quantum weirdness tends to go away." Sensor, solar cell lessons Quantum Hanky-Panky
Blinded By Science QUANTUM EFFECTS Quantum physics and plant biology seem like two branches of science that could not be more different, but surprisingly they may in fact be intimately tied. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and the Notre Dame Radiation Laboratory at the University of Notre Dame used ultrafast spectroscopy to see what happens at the subatomic level during the very first stage of photosynthesis. "If you think of photosynthesis as a marathon, we're getting a snapshot of what a runner looks like just as he leaves the blocks," said Argonne biochemist David Tiede. "We're seeing the potential for a much more fundamental interaction than a lot of people previously considered." While different species of plants, algae and bacteria have evolved a variety of different mechanisms to harvest light energy, they all share a feature known as a photosynthetic reaction center.
New Book Explains How Hugging Trees Could Actually Improve Your Health Have you hugged a tree today? No?! Well, you should, because it just might improve your health – according to a new book published this year, touching trees and being near nature could actually make you healthier and improve a wide range of health issues. In Blinded by Science, author Matthew Silverstone says he has proven that the vibrational energy of trees and plants gives us health benefits. Silverstone wrote Blinded By Science to prove scientifically that the ways in which we live have a damaging effect on our health. So how exactly does this happen? Sounds like a good deal to us. + Blinded By Science Via Natural News Images ©Bridgette Meinhold
The Quantum Mechanics of Fate - Issue 9: Time “The objective world simply is, it does not happen,” wrote mathematician and physicist Hermann Weyl in 1949. From his point of view, the universe is laid out in time as surely as it is laid out in space. Time does not pass, and the past and future are as real as the present. If your common sense rebels against this idea, it is probably for a single reason: the arrow of causality. They actually might. That evidence, they say, is something called entanglement, a signature feature of quantum mechanics. Causality is a two-headed arrow and the future might influence the past. The standard interpretation of entanglement is that there is some kind of instant communication happening between the two particles. Suppose it is not the case that the particles (or dice) communicate instantaneously with each other, and it is also not the case that their values were fixed in advance. To think about this problem, consider the most prosaic of objects: a popsicle stick. Proponents accept this criticism.