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Forest gardening

Forest gardening
History[edit] Forest gardens are probably the world's oldest form of land use and most resilient agroecosystem.[2][3] They originated in prehistoric times along jungle-clad river banks and in the wet foothills of monsoon regions. In the gradual process of families improving their immediate environment, useful tree and vine species were identified, protected and improved whilst undesirable species were eliminated. Eventually superior foreign species were selected and incorporated into the gardens.[4] Forest gardens are still common in the tropics and known by various names such as: home gardens in Kerala in South India, Nepal, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Tanzania; Kandyan forest gardens in Sri Lanka;[5] huertos familiares, the "family orchards" of Mexico; and pekarangan, the gardens of "complete design", in Java.[6] These are also called agroforests and, where the wood components are short-statured, the term shrub garden is employed. In tropical climates[edit] Americas[edit] Africa[edit]

Related:  the plants and growing life (permaculture)Permaculture AgroforestryGardening / Farming: ReferenceEffects of Man

Robert Hart (horticulturist) Robert Hart pictured in his forest garden, July 1997 Robert Adrian de Jauralde Hart (1 April 1913 – 7 March 2000) was the pioneer of forest gardening in temperate zones. He created a model forest garden from a 0.12 acre (500 m²) orchard on his farm.[1] He credits the inspiration for his work to an article by James Sholto Douglas, which was in turn inspired by the work of Toyohiko Kagawa.[1](page 41) Robert Hart began with a smallholding called Highwood Hill farm at Wenlock Edge in Shropshire.

Forest farming Forest farming is the cultivation of high-value specialty crops under a forest canopy that is intentionally modified or maintained to provide shade levels and habitat that favor growth and enhance production levels. Forest farming encompasses a range of cultivated systems from introducing plants into the understory of a timber stand to modifying forest stands to enhance the marketability and sustainable production of existing plants.[1] Forest farming is a type of agroforestry practice characterized by the "four I's": intentional, integrated, intensive and interactive.[2] Agroforestry is a land management system that combines trees with crops or livestock, or both, on the same piece of land.

Food Forests by Kay Baxter, PRI New Zealand (Koanga Institute) This is an update on our urban permaculture garden experiment which integrates the best ideas from our Permaculture Design Course students into a working urban garden here in our North Island, New Zealand temperate climate. Our end product includes rabbits, chickens, a 36 sq m biointensive garden,… Read more » A silk tree in my garden, serving as living trellis to arctic kiwifruit; also shade provider for shade crops including currant, mayapple, fuki, and edible hosta. Powerlines disturb animal habitats by appearing as disturbing flashes of UV light invisible to the human eye - Environment A study of wild reindeer in Norway has shown that they can see overhead power lines in the dark because their eyes are sensitive to the flashes of ultraviolet light which are invisible to the human eye but are constantly being emitted by high-voltage electrical transmission, the researchers said. Many other species, from birds in the Arctic to elephants in Africa, can also see ultraviolet radiation which may explain why different kinds of animals in widely varying habitats all tend to avoid overhead power lines even though they are considered to be inert and invisible to wildlife, they said. The adult human eye can only see wavelengths of light down to the blue-violet end of the visible spectrum but other animals are able to see well into the ultraviolet range. Reindeer for instance have reflective surfaces at the back of the eye that help them to see UV light on dark winter days, said Professor Glen Jeffery of University College London.

Masanobu Fukuoka's Natural Farming and Permaculture Masanobu Fukuoka is a farmer/philosopher who lives on the Island of Shikoku, in southern Japan. His farming technique requires no machines, no chemicals and very little weeding. He does not plow the soil or use prepared compost and yet the condition of the soil in his orchards and fields improve each year.

Agroecology Agroecology is the study of ecological processes that operate in agricultural production systems. The prefix agro- refers to agriculture. Bringing ecological principles to bear in agroecosystems can suggest novel management approaches that would not otherwise be considered. The term is often used imprecisely and may refer to "a science, a movement, [or] a practice. How to Grow 100 Pounds of Potatoes in 4 Square Feet On many occasions, we've been tempted to grow our own potatoes. They're fairly low maintenance, can be grown in a pot or in the ground, last a fairly long time if stored properly, and can be very nutritious (high in potassium and vitamin C). Here's more incentive: according to this article, you can grow 100 pounds of potatoes in 4 sq. feet.

4 Year Study Shows Tigers 500 Times More Deadly Than Dogs in US - Big Cat Rescue Tiger Conflict and Implications for Private Ownership of Exotic Animals All White Tigers are Inbred and Crossbred P.J. A Rosetta Stone of "Self-watering" These are planters made from 1, 2 and 3-liter pop bottles. Use them and you will be reading a Rosetta stone of sub-irrigation (known incorrectly as "self-watering" in the consumer market). Use them and you will soon be growing superior plants while learning more about capillary action and how plants function. Use them to teach your children too.

No Garden? Here Are 66 Things You Can Can Grow At Home In Containers By Rachel Cernansky - Growing your own food is exciting, not only because you get to see things grow from nothing into ready-to-eat fruits and veggies, but you also don’t have to worry about the pesticides they might contain, and you definitely cut down on the miles they—and you—have to travel. As it turns out, with pretty minimal effort, anyone can be a gardener. The last places on Earth with no invasive species Pockets of land and water that are free from ‘alien’ species are few and far between, finds Rachel Nuwer. Yet could we reverse the tide of these pests? When Piero Genovesi received my email, his interest was piqued. Is there anywhere left, I asked, free from invasive species? Genovesi chairs the Invasive Species Specialist Group at the International Union for Conservation of Nature, so he spends much of his time fretting about animal alien invaders. Whether it’s voracious cane toads or pesky squirrels, these creatures cause havoc by invading a place they don’t belong, outcompeting other animals, eating up resources and becoming pests.

Allard Research & Development Frequently Asked Questions How is ethanol made? Ethanol (or ethyl alcohol) is very easy to make, and is something humans have been producing since the beginning of recorded history. Ethanol is also generally referred to as 'grain alcohol' and is the same alcohol that we consume in beer, wine, and liquors. The distillation of ethanol in America has a long history, with various slang names such as 'Moonshine', 'White Lightning', and others. Here is the general process: Planting a Clock That Tracks Hours by Flowers Photo The professionals said it could not be done. They had never tried it, and they didn’t know any public garden that had tried it, and they wouldn’t recommend anyone else give it a try. This was not the response I expected when I called a few plant people and asked how to design a type of flower bed that has been around since the mid-18th century. It’s called a Horologium Florae: a flower clock. (No relation to the Apple Watch.)