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Forest gardening

Forest gardening
History[edit] Forest gardens are probably the world's oldest form of land use and most resilient agroecosystem.[2][3] They originated in prehistoric times along jungle-clad river banks and in the wet foothills of monsoon regions. In the gradual process of families improving their immediate environment, useful tree and vine species were identified, protected and improved whilst undesirable species were eliminated. Forest gardens are still common in the tropics and known by various names such as: home gardens in Kerala in South India, Nepal, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Tanzania; Kandyan forest gardens in Sri Lanka;[5] huertos familiares, the "family orchards" of Mexico; and pekarangan, the gardens of "complete design", in Java.[6] These are also called agroforests and, where the wood components are short-statured, the term shrub garden is employed. In tropical climates[edit] Americas[edit] Africa[edit] Nepal[edit] In temperate climates[edit] Robert Hart, forest gardening pioneer Permaculture[edit] Related:  Permaculture Agroforestry

Forest farming Forest farming is the cultivation of high-value specialty crops under a forest canopy that is intentionally modified or maintained to provide shade levels and habitat that favor growth and enhance production levels. Forest farming encompasses a range of cultivated systems from introducing plants into the understory of a timber stand to modifying forest stands to enhance the marketability and sustainable production of existing plants.[1] Forest farming is a type of agroforestry practice characterized by the "four I's": intentional, integrated, intensive and interactive.[2] Agroforestry is a land management system that combines trees with crops or livestock, or both, on the same piece of land. It focuses on increasing benefits to the landowner as well as maintaining forest integrity and environmental health. The practice involves cultivating non-timber forest products or niche crops, some of which, such as ginseng or shiitake mushrooms, can have high market value. §History[edit] 1. 2. 3.

Diaspora (social network) The social network is not owned by any one person or entity, keeping it from being subject to corporate take-overs or advertising. In September 2011 the developers stated, "...our distributed design means no big corporation will ever control Diaspora. Diaspora* will never sell your social life to advertisers, and you won’t have to conform to someone’s arbitrary rules or look over your shoulder before you speak."[2] Diaspora software development is managed by the Diaspora Foundation, which is part of the Free Software Support Network (FSSN). The Diaspora social network is constructed of a network of nodes, or pods, hosted by many different individuals and institutions. Friendica instances are also a part of the Diaspora social network through the Friendica Diaspora connector.[7] Diaspora users retain ownership of their data and do not assign ownership rights. The Diaspora software allows user posts to be designated as either "public" or "limited".

Permaculture Permaculture is a branch of ecological design, ecological engineering, and environmental design that develops sustainable architecture and self-maintained agricultural systems modeled from natural ecosystems.[1][2] The term permaculture (as a systematic method) was first coined by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978. The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture" [3] but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture," as it was seen that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka's natural farming philosophy. "Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system." - Bill Mollison [4] History[edit] Core tenets[edit] The core tenets of permaculture are:[9][10][11] Theory[edit]

Permaculture With its system of applied education, research and citizen- led design permaculture has grown a popular web of global networks and developed into a global social movement[citation needed]. The term permaculture was developed and coined by David Holmgren, then a graduate student at the Tasmanian College of Advanced Education's Department of Environmental Design, and Bill Mollison, senior lecturer in Environmental Psychology at University of Tasmania, in 1978. [1] The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture",[3] but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture", as it was understood that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka’s natural farming philosophy. It has many branches that include, but are not limited to, ecological design, ecological engineering, regenerative design, environmental design, and construction. History[edit] Several individuals revolutionized the branch of permaculture. In Australian P.A.

Warmer klimaat, koudere winters Zowel Europa als het oostelijke deel van de Verenigde Staten hebben er enkele strenge winters opzitten. En volgens experts wordt het ook deze winter bibberen. Boosdoener is vreemd genoeg de opwarming van de aarde. De afgelopen drie winters werden Noord-Amerika en grote delen van Europa geteisterd door hevige sneeuwstormen. In januari 2011 viel het openbare leven in New York en Philadelphia zo goed als stil door ongezien winterweer. Een jaar later bleef de wintertemperatuur in Alaska tien graden onder het gemiddelde. België en Nederland kregen het minder hard te verduren, maar ook onze drie voorbije winters waren eerder koud ten opzichte van de voorbije decennia. Volgens de Amerikaanse klimatoloog Charles Greene van Cornell University staan ons de komende jaren meer koude en extreme winters te wachten: ‘Dat klinkt nogal vreemd in het warmste decennium sinds de metingen 160 jaar geleden begonnen’, schrijft hij in het Amerikaanse blad Scientific American.

Nine Layers of the Edible Forest Garden (Food Forest) | Temperate Climate Permaculture Food Forests have been around for thousands of years in tropical and sub-tropical climates. In fact, there is a Food Forest currently still producing food in Morocco that was established 2,000 years ago! The concept of food forestry was almost lost to the annals of history when Robert Hart decided to adapt this design to his temperate climate in the UK in the 1960′s. The idea of a Forest Garden was brought to the public’s awareness when Robert wrote a book documenting his grand experiment. Bill Mollison, the co-founder of Permaculture, visited Robert’s site in 1990, and he quickly adopted this design element into his teachings and work. Until now. I am not actually arguing about the existing layers. Here are my Nine Layers of the Edible Forest Garden: Canopy/Tall Tree LayerSub-Canopy/Large Shrub LayerShrub LayerHerbaceous LayerGroundcover/Creeper LayerUnderground LayerVertical/Climber LayerAquatic/Wetland LayerMycelial/Fungal Layer 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Agroecology in Latin America Agroecology is an applied science that involves the adaptation of ecological concepts to the structure, performance, and management of sustainable agroecosystems.[1] In Latin America, agroecology practices vary between regions due to the ideological differences between industrial agriculture and agroecology. Agroecology in Latin American countries can be used as a tool for conservationists in providing both ecological and economic benefits to the communities that practice it.[2] It is also method that allows for high biodiversity and refuges for flora and fauna in these countries.[3] Overlooking a large Shade Cacao plantation where the Ixcacao Mayan Belizean Chocolate company grows and produces chocolate using Mayan techniques. §Background[edit] Agroecosystems serve as refuges for many flora and fauna of endemic and migratory species as well as provides a sustainable economic benefit to the communities that utilize its methodology. §Benefits[edit] §Economic benefits[edit] §Cabrucas[edit]

Bonitasoft | Open Source Workflow & BPM software Agroecology Agroecology is the study of ecological processes that operate in agricultural production systems. The prefix agro- refers to agriculture. Bringing ecological principles to bear in agroecosystems can suggest novel management approaches that would not otherwise be considered. The term is often used imprecisely and may refer to "a science, a movement, [or] a practice Ecological strategy[edit] Agroecologists do not unanimously oppose technology or inputs in agriculture but instead assess how, when, and if technology can be used in conjunction with natural, social and human assets.[2] Agroecology proposes a context- or site-specific manner of studying agroecosystems, and as such, it recognizes that there is no universal formula or recipe for the success and maximum well-being of an agroecosystem. Approaches[edit] Agroecologists do not always agree about what agroecology is or should be in the long-term. Agroecology is also defined differently according to geographic location. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2.

1.800 jobs weg en 150 kantoren dicht bij BNP Paribas Fortis Dit jaar worden bij BNP Paribas Fortis vijftig kantoren gesloten, en in de twee jaren die volgen nog eens een honderdtal. Het personeelsbestand van BNP Paribas Fortis, de grootste bank van het land, zal de komende drie jaar dalen met 1.800 voltijdsequivalenten. BNP Paribas Fortis zet ook het mes in zijn netwerk. Geen ontslagen Er vallen geen ontslagen. Ook het net voor ondernemingen wordt afgebouwd. Gedrag van de klant wijzigt BNP Paribas Fortis stelt dat de ingrijpen nodig zijn omdat het gedrag van de klant wijzigt.

Dra. Ana Primavesi vai receber o principal prêmio internacional da agricultura orgânica, da Ifoam | Orgânicos Dra. Ana. Merecida homenagem e reconhecimento internacional. Dona Ana Primavesi, uma das pioneiras do movimento orgânico no Brasil, acaba de ser agraciada com uma importante homenagem. São pessoas cujo trabalho voltado à agroecologia impacte positivamente a vida de agricultores, sobretudo os mais desfavorecidos. Dra. O prêmio é financiado pela Rapunzel, empresa alemã voltada ao processamento e à comercialização de produtos orgânicos, como cereais, chocolates, massas, molhos e frutas secas. Dra. Para o professor aposentado da Esalq-USP, Adilson Paschoal, especializado em agroecologia, “não poderia haver notícia mais alvissareira”. Curtir isso: Curtir Carregando...

Hedonic treadmill The Hedonic (or Happiness) Set Point has gained interest throughout the field of positive psychology where it has been developed and revised further.[3] Given that hedonic adaptation generally demonstrates that a person's long term happiness is not significantly affected by otherwise impactful events, positive psychology has concerned itself with the discovery of things that can lead to lasting changes in happiness levels. Overview[edit] Happiness seems to be more like a thermostat, since our temperaments tend to bring us back towards a certain happiness level (a tendency influenced by carefully chosen activities and habits). Hedonic adaptation is a process or mechanism that reduces the affective impact of emotional events. Hedonic adaptation can occur in a variety of ways. Major theoretical approaches[edit] Behavioral/psychological approach[edit] Major empirical findings[edit] Wildeman, Turney, Schnittker (2014) studied the effects of imprisonment on one’s baseline level of well-being.

Agroecologia ganha núcleo de pesquisa na Embrapa Amazônia Oriental Produzir alimentos saudáveis conservando os recursos naturais, respeitando os saberes locais e ainda promover o desenvolvimento rural sustentável, está no cerne da agroecologia, tema que vem ganhando o mundo e até as mesas. Na Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, essa temática conquista mais força a partir desta segunda-feira, 30/03, com a criação, em Belém, do Núcleo Puxirum Agroecológico. Serão dois dias evento para apresentar o núcleo que aborda o assunto voltado à realidade amazônica, com foco na agricultura familiar e como contribuição ao Plano Nacional de Agroecologia e Produção Orgânica (Planapo), do governo federal. Nos dias 30 e 31 de março, ocorre a oficina de criação do núcleo, na sede da Embrapa, com a primeira etapa de sensibilização e nivelamento dos participantes quanto a princípios, conceitos, dimensões da agroecologia e os processos de transição agroecológica.