The Cinematography of 10 Great Filmmakers Captured in Cinemagraphs In recent years, graphic interchange format, once a throwback to the awkward early years of web design, has come into its own as an art form. Leading the way is the ever-popular cinemagraph, an enhancement on photography that typically adds subtle moving elements to the scene — wisps of blowing hair, blinking eyes, rising smoke, etc. Although cinemagraphs first gained popularity for their use in advertising, it seems only natural that the meme has taken hold of cinema as well, capturing memorable movie stills in infinite loops of movement. If We Don’t, Remember Me has been busy amassing quite the collection of these cinematic cinemagraphs, adding a new dimension to the way in which images can convey the aesthetic of a certain directorial style. Wes Anderson Moonrise Kingdom (2012) [via Tech Noir] The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) [via Demi Adejuyigbe]
Tips on Film Viewing Choose an Appropriate Film to View: Usually, watch a film that is worth your while. If you are in a film studies class, you will probably be studying some of the classics of cinema, rather than watching the latest popcorn film, action film or blockbuster. This exhaustive list of various steps is not intended for fluffy, entertaining films that are to be watched for pure enjoyment's sake. However, make sure to choose a film from any of the wide selection of genre films available so that you can experience the entire spectrum of different types of films. Know The Basics: Note the following basic facts (see some of these factors further below): film's title (and alternate titles or production titles, if any) year of release main stars/performers director studio rating running time genre classification brief summary tagline(s) awards Identify Studio: Know the studio responsible for the film. Why was the film made? Note Film's Rating: Was there any controversy surrounding the film's rating?
Subliminal themes of Hitchcock’s PSYCHO Subliminal themes of Hitchcock’s PSYCHO © by Rob Ager 2007 Watch / download the video version or scroll down for a slightly more detailed text version. Hitchcock used his powerful influence in the film industry to ensure that audiences could only enter screenings of Psycho at the very beginning of the film. Prior to this, audiences were free to pay their way into cinemas in the middle of a film, watch it from half way through and then catch the film over again from the start. Aside from changing the way cinemas functioned, this act also shows how carefully Hitchcock had constructed his shocker masterpiece. The central theme, as displayed by Norman Bates’ schizoid personality switching, is the concept of multiple identity or role play. Take Marion Crane for example. In Marion’s conflicting reality the role of her lover Sam is partially played out by Norman Bates. Marion’s anxieties about these issues are realized as Bates refuses to leave his mother. Mother: “No! Norman “The eh …”
The Grammar of TV and Film Zoom. In zooming in the camera does not move; the lens is focussed down from a long-shot to a close-up whilst the picture is still being shown. The subject is magnified, and attention is concentrated on details previously invisible as the shot tightens (contrast tracking). It may be used to surprise the viewer. Zooming out reveals more of the scene (perhaps where a character is, or to whom he or she is speaking) as the shot widens. Following pan. Surveying pan. Tilt. Crab. Tracking (dollying). Hand-held camera. Process shot. Editing Techniques Cut. There is always a reason for a cut, and you should ask yourself what the reason is. Matched cut. continuity of direction; completed action;* a similar centre of attention in the frame; a one-step change of shot size (e.g. long to medium); a change of angle (conventionally at least 30 degrees). Jump cut. Motivated cut. Cutting rate. Cutting rhythm. Cross-cut. Cutaway/cutaway shot (CA). Reaction shot. Insert/insert shot. Fade, dissolve (mix).
FILM TERM GLOSSARY AERIAL SHOT: An exterior shot taken from a plane, crane, helicopter or any other very high position. Also referred to as a BIRD’S-EYE VIEW. See SHOT. ANIMATION: A form of filmmaking which consists of photographing individual drawings (cels) or inanimate objects (such as puppets or clay figures) FRAME by frame, with each frame differing slightly from the one before. When the images are projected at 24 frames per second, they appear to move (or are animated) ASPECT RATIO: The ratio of the projected image's width to its height. ASYNCHRONISM: A disparity between what is seen and what is heard. AVAILABLE LIGHTING: see LIGHTING. AXIS OF ACTION: In CONTINUITY EDITING, the imaginary line that passes from side to side through the main actors, defining the spatial relations of the scene. BIRD'S-EYE VIEW see AERIAL SHOT and SHOT. CRANE SHOT: A HIGH ANGLE, moving shot photographed from a crane (a mechanical arm which carries both camera and camera operators). CLOSE-UP: see SHOT. DEEP FOCUS: see FOCUS.
Verso Presents: J. Hoberman's Defining Films of the 21st Century | Watch It Is it possible to speak of a twenty-first century cinema barely a decade into the millennium? Acclaimed film critic J. Hoberman’s new book, Film After Film (Verso, 2012) is a timely and provocative collection of writings that chronicle how the advent of digital technology has led to the displacement of the medium of film—and the very relationship between movies and reality. In his book, Hoberman presents considerations of the defining movies of the twenty-first century, collected here. Join the Discussion - Add Your Comments
5 Of The Best Movie Scripts To Learn From In Each Genre 5 of the Best Movie Scripts to Learn From in Each Major Genre Professional film scripts are one of the best tools screenwriters have at their disposal. There is nothing else that gives you the practical experience of how it all comes together than reading a produced screenplay. But what are the best movie scripts to read, and why? In this post, we break down five of the best screenplays to read in each major genre—drama, comedy, action/adventure, thriller and horror. And why you need to read them. It’s by not only reading scripts, but really breaking them down, getting inside them and figuring out why they work, that you’ll get the most out of them as a screenwriter. Let’s dive on in and take a look at the top movie scripts in each genre you should read. One of the Best Drama Film Scripts You Should Read: American Beauty Alan Ball graduated from Florida State University with a degree in theater arts. There are some truly terrific examples of how to write a scene in this script.
ALFRED HITCHCOCK AND THE MAKING OF PSYCHO | TSY REQUIRED READING Hitchcock. Are you kidding me? Oh, hells yes. I will see this. Alfred Hitchcock’s classic thriller “Psycho” was covertly referred to as “Production 9401″ or “Wimpy” — the name Wimpy coming from cameraman, Rex Wimpy, who appeared on clapboards, production sheets, and studio stills. Alfred Hitchcock had a vacant cast chair marked “Mrs. Actress Janet Leigh and Director Alfred Hitchcock on the set of his chilling 1960 masterpiece, “Psycho”. A young Anthony Perkins as Norman Bates, the role that dogged him for the rest of his acting career. Scene from Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho,” based on the novel by Robert Bloch, shows Norman Bates (Anthony Perkins) by the Bates’ family home. — Image by © Underwood & Underwood/Corbis The Bates’ house in Alfred Hitchcock’s 1960 film “Psycho” was modeled after Edward Hopper’s 1925 oil painting “House by the Railroad” — shown above in black & white, and hung at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.
180-degree rule This schematic shows the axis between two characters and the 180° arc on which cameras may be positioned (green). When cutting from the green arc to the red arc, the characters switch places on the screen. In film making, the 180-degree rule is a basic guideline regarding the on-screen spatial relationship between a character and another character or object within a scene. An imaginary line called the axis connects the characters, and by keeping the camera on one side of this axis for every shot in the scene, the first character is always frame right of the second character, who is then always frame left of the first. The camera passing over the axis is called jumping the line or crossing the line; breaking the 180-degree rule by shooting on all sides is known as shooting in the round. The object that is being filmed must always remain in the center, while the camera must always face towards the object. Example Common usage, pitfalls and solutions Usage Pitfalls
Glossary of Motion Picture Terms (A-G) 1D LUT: A 1-dimensional lookup table is a static color translation table that converts one input value to one output value. There is a 1-to-1 correspondence in the input and output values in a 1D LUT. 16 mm: The frame is one-fourth the size of a 35 mm frame and has a 1.33:1 television aspect ratio. The film can have perforations on both sides or on just one side. When compared to 35 mm, grain is more apparent. 2K: A digital image 2048 pixels wide. 3:2 Pull-down: The telecine transfer relationship of film frames to video fields. 3D LUT: A 3-dimensional lookup table is a static color translation table that converts a set of three input color values to another set of three output color values. 35 mm: The standard gauge for professional filmmakers, and the standard mainstream film format used for theatrical releases. 4K: A digital image 4096 pixels wide. 65 mm: The camera film format (size) for wide-screen formats such as IMAX. Algorithm: A procedure to perform a task. Frame rate: See "FPS."
VersoBooks.com Is it possible to speak of a twenty-first century cinema barely a decade into the millennium? Acclaimed film critic J. Hoberman’s new book, Film After Film, is a timely and provocative collection of writings that chronicle how the advent of digital technology has led to the displacement of the medium of film—and the very relationship between movies and reality. This sea change in filmmaking also spanned the 2000 American presidential election and the trauma of 9/11, events that reshaped world politics and left an indelible imprint on the emerging aesthetic of the new century’s cinema. In his book, Hoberman presents considerations of the defining movies of the twenty-first century. GoWatchIt—a new platform and social network that allows users to track where they can watch movies online and share their picks with other users—has assembled a channel where viewers can browse and watch Hoberman's 21 selections. View Hoberman's list below, or skip right to the channel to watch online: 1. 2. 3.