12 songs to practice the pronunciation of -ED endings - Luiz Otávio Barros
As you know, the “-ed” endings of regular past tense verbs can be pronounced in three different ways: /t/, /d/ and /ɪd/, which is the one most students tend to overuse. Click here for an overview of the rules. Over the years, I have found that /t/ and /d/ are easier to notice and to produce if the verb comes immediately before a word beginning with a vowel sound: liked it – /laɪktɪt/dreamed of – /driːmdəv/ To help students get their tongues around the two sounds, I usually ask them to move /t/ and /d/ to the front of the vowel sound. This makes it obvious that there’s no room for /ɪ/: liked it – /laɪk tɪt/dreamed of – /driːm dəv/ Out of all the ideas and techniques I’ve used in class, this has probably been the most effective. So I decided to put together a 7-minute video containing 12 song excerpts you can use to help your students notice how /t/ and /d/ are linked to the vowel sounds that follow. By the way, if the video is out of synch, go back to the beginning and / or refresh the page.
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