Hattusha: the Hittite Capital Hattusha: the Hittite Capital The archaeological site of Hattusha, former capital of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd millennium B.C. Hattousa : la capitale hittite Ancienne capitale de l'Empire hittite, Hattousa est un site archéologique remarquable par son organisation urbaine, les types de constructions préservées (temples, résidences royales, fortifications), la richesse ornementale de la porte des Lions et de la porte Royale, ainsi que par l'ensemble rupestre de Yazilikaya. حاتوشا: عاصمة الحثيين source: UNESCO/ERI 哈图莎：希泰首都 哈图莎是希泰王国以前的首都。 Древний город Хаттусас Hatusa, la capital hitita ハットゥシャ ：ヒッタイトの首都 source: NFUAJ Hattusha: hoofdstad van het Hettitische rijk Source: unesco.nl
How and why was Stonehenge built? MOVING THE STONES click photo for enlargement The fact that Stonehenge was not built overnight does not in any way diminish the scale of the undertaking. But how could this have been achieved by a Neolithic society? The technology was staggering. STONEHENGE FORETOLD THE SEASONS click photo for enlargement As to the purpose of Stonehenge, again we can only surmise. STONEHENGE FORETOLD THE TIME click photo for enlargement To validate this, we must look at the society of the time. → Bradshaw Foundation
Göbekli Tepe James A. Foshay Learning Center Advanced Placement World History Mrs. Travis This is a college-level survey class which prepares students for the national exam on Thursday, May 12 at 8 AM. Section I: Multiple-Choice The 70 multiple-choice questions cover world history from the Foundations period up to the present. Foundations period: c. 8000 B.C.E. to 600 B.C.E. Section II: Essay There are three free-response essay questions. The students will have two college-level textbooks, Traditions and Encounter: A Global Perspective by Jerry Bentley and Herbert Ziegler and Ways of the World by Robert W. Each student must have a 5-section spiral notebook, a glue stick, a box of colored pencils, and a little pencil sharpener. This is a very challenging, intense class.
Divers find 13th century wreck from Kublai Kahn's Mongol invasion fleet Japanese legend claims two 'divine winds', known as The Kamikaze, destroyed Mongol invasion fleetsHundreds of vessels were destroyed by two separate typhoons off the coast of JapanDefeat for Kublai Khan halted the expansion of the Mongol empire in the Far East36ft section of keel discovered under seabed using ultrasound equipment4,000 artefacts including cannonballs and stone anchors also found By Wil Longbottom Updated: 17:40 GMT, 26 October 2011 Marine archaeologists say they have uncovered a wreck from one of Kublai Khan's 13th century Mongol invasion fleets just yards off the coast of Japan. Scientists are hoping to be able to recreate a complete Yuan Dynasty vessel after the discovery of a 36ft-long section of keel just below the seabed off Nagasaki. Japanese legend claims that two 'divine winds', known as The Kamikaze, destroyed both of Kublai Khan's vast invasion fleets with the loss of thousands of troops. He said: 'This discovery was of major importance for our research.
Millau Viaduct The Millau Viaduct (French: le Viaduc de Millau, IPA: [vjadyk də mijo]) is a cable-stayed bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. History Problems with traffic on the route from Paris to Spain along the stretch passing through the Tarn valley near the town of Millau, during the summer when the roads became jammed with holiday traffic, required construction of a bridge to span the valley. The first plans were discussed in 1987 by CETE, and by October 1991, the decision was made to build a high crossing of the Tarn River by a structure of around 2,500 m (8,200 ft). During 1993–1994 the government consulted with seven architects and eight structural engineers. During 1995–1996, a second definition study was made by five associated architect groups and structural engineers. In July 1996, the jury decided in favour of a cable-stayed design with multiple spans, as proposed by the Sogelerg consortium (Michel Virlogeux and Norman Foster). Timeline
Recursos historia antigua Introduction to the Human Journey The parent Institute of this project, The Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge, was founded on providing the basis of information available to the general public, primarily about what it means to be human: our capacities, our weaknesses, our potential. This project is under the direction of our President, Robert Ornstein PhD., with contributions from associates of ISHK, some of whom are professionals in the various fields and others interested amateurs. The future depends on our understanding who we are, and how the past has made us so: what is unchanging about Human Nature, and what we can and must change to face a world that is far different from our ancestors’ world. Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis So this website begins not at the origin of the universe, or the billions of years of the development of life from the primordial slush (everyone says “primordial soup,” but that’s too appetizing). Where to begin is always a question. Plato and Aristotle by Raphael The Taj Mahal, India
Mysterious 'body jars' used in Cambodian death rituals hints at existence of previously unknown tribe Body jars buried on ledges 160ft upIdea was that anyone disturbing remains 'would break their neck'Ten sites discovered in areaEvidence of completely unknown ancient people By Rob Waugh Published: 08:22 GMT, 23 May 2012 | Updated: 11:15 GMT, 23 May 2012 Perched on cliff edges, jars and wooden coffins containing human remains offer tantalising evidence of a completely unknown ancient people in Cambodia. Ten burial spots have been found by archaeologists in the past nine years, one 160ft above the ground. 'The idea,' says researcher Nancy Beavan in an interview with National Geographic, 'was that anyone trying to disturb the burials would break their neck.' Perched on cliff edges, jars and wooden coffins containing human remains offer tantalising evidence of a completely unknown tribe in Cambodia Beavan's team from New Zealand's University of Otago have radiocarbon dated the remains to between A.D. 1395 and 1650. A view of Angkor Wat City and the Baphuon temple at Angkor, Cambodia
Bluestonehenge "Bluestonehenge" or "Bluehenge" is a prehistoric henge and stone circle monument that was discovered by the Stonehenge Riverside Project about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of Stonehenge in Wiltshire , England . All that currently remains of the site is the ditch of the henge and a series of stone settings, none of which is visible above ground. The site was excavated in August 2008 and again in August 2009 and is considered to be an important find by archaeologists . [ 1 ] Full details of the discovery were published in the 2010 January / February edition of British Archaeology . [ 2 ] Initial findings [ edit ] Bluestonehenge digital reconstruction - oval configuration. The monument has been tentatively dated to between about 3000 and 2400 BC, although radiocarbon dating of antler tools found at the site has only provided an approximate date of 2469 to 2286 BC for the dismantling of the stones. Context [ edit ] The henge is located beside the River Avon in West Amesbury . See also [ edit ]
L'esprit des pierres Climate change wiped out one of the world's first, great civilisations more than 4,000 years ago Ancient 'Indus' civilisation was one of first great urban culturesStretched for a million square kilometresClimate change altered routes of rivers By Eddie Wrenn Published: 18:11 GMT, 28 May 2012 | Updated: 06:46 GMT, 29 May 2012 The Indus River in Karakoram Range near Skardu, Pakistan, remains a lifeline even in the modern day Climate change led to the collapse of the ancient Indus civilization more than 4,000 years ago, archaeologists believe. The Indus civilization was the largest - but least known - of the first great urban cultures that also included Egypt and Mesopotamia. The empire stretched over more than a million square kilometers across the plains of the Indus River from the Arabian Sea to the Ganges, over what is now Pakistan, northwest India and eastern Afghanistan. Now for the first time scientists believe they have discovered that climate change was a key ingredient in the collapse of the civilisation. The civilisation was forgotten until the 1920s.
Göbekli Tepe The function of the structures is not yet clear. The most common opinion, shared by excavator Klaus Schmidt, is that they are early neolithic sanctuaries. Discovery The site was first noted in a survey conducted by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago in 1963. American archaeologist Peter Benedict identified it as being possibly neolithic and postulated that the Neolithic layers were topped by Byzantine and Islamic cemeteries. The survey noted numerous flints. In 1994, Klaus Schmidt, now of the German Archaeological Institute, who had previously been working at Nevalı Çori, was looking for another site to lead a dig. The following year, he began excavating there in collaboration with the Şanlıurfa Museum. Dating View of site and excavation The imposing stratigraphy of Göbekli Tepe attests to many centuries of activity, beginning at least as early as the epipaleolithic, or Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA), in the 10th millennium BC. The complex Plateau
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