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Göbekli Tepe, Turkey - the world’s oldest temple

Göbekli Tepe, Turkey - the world’s oldest temple
By Charles C. Mann Photograph by Vincent J. Musi Every now and then the dawn of civilization is reenacted on a remote hilltop in southern Turkey. The reenactors are busloads of tourists—usually Turkish, sometimes European. Before them are dozens of massive stone pillars arranged into a set of rings, one mashed up against the next. At the time of Göbekli Tepe's construction much of the human race lived in small nomadic bands that survived by foraging for plants and hunting wild animals. Archaeologists are still excavating Göbekli Tepe and debating its meaning. At first the Neolithic Revolution was viewed as a single event—a sudden flash of genius—that occurred in a single location, Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in what is now southern Iraq, then spread to India, Europe, and beyond. After a moment of stunned quiet, tourists at the site busily snap pictures with cameras and cell phones. Inches below the surface the team struck an elaborately fashioned stone.

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How and why was Stonehenge built? MOVING THE STONES click photo for enlargement The fact that Stonehenge was not built overnight does not in any way diminish the scale of the undertaking. But how could this have been achieved by a Neolithic society? Divers find 13th century wreck from Kublai Kahn's Mongol invasion fleet Japanese legend claims two 'divine winds', known as The Kamikaze, destroyed Mongol invasion fleetsHundreds of vessels were destroyed by two separate typhoons off the coast of JapanDefeat for Kublai Khan halted the expansion of the Mongol empire in the Far East36ft section of keel discovered under seabed using ultrasound equipment4,000 artefacts including cannonballs and stone anchors also found By Wil Longbottom Updated: 17:40 GMT, 26 October 2011 Marine archaeologists say they have uncovered a wreck from one of Kublai Khan's 13th century Mongol invasion fleets just yards off the coast of Japan. Scientists are hoping to be able to recreate a complete Yuan Dynasty vessel after the discovery of a 36ft-long section of keel just below the seabed off Nagasaki.

Millau Viaduct The Millau Viaduct (French: le Viaduc de Millau, IPA: [vjadyk də mijo]) is a cable-stayed bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. History[edit] Problems with traffic on the route from Paris to Spain along the stretch passing through the Tarn valley near the town of Millau, during the summer when the roads became jammed with holiday traffic, required construction of a bridge to span the valley.[10] The first plans were discussed in 1987 by CETE, and by October 1991, the decision was made to build a high crossing of the Tarn River by a structure of around 2,500 m (8,200 ft). During 1993–1994 the government consulted with seven architects and eight structural engineers. During 1995–1996, a second definition study was made by five associated architect groups and structural engineers.

Knowth Flint macehead, Neolithic bowl, Ceremonial Axe This ceremonial macehead, found beneath the eastern chamber tomb at the great passage tomb at Knowth, in the Boyne Valley, is one of the finest works of art to have survived from Neolithic Europe. The unknown artist took a piece of very hard pale-grey flint, flecked with patches of brown, and carved each of its six surfaces with diamond shapes and swirling spirals. At the front they seem to form a human face, with the shaft hole as a gaping mouth. If it was made in Ireland, the object suggests that someone on the island had attained a very high degree of technical and artistic sophistication. The archaeologist Joseph Fenwick has suggested that the precision of the carving could have been attained only with a rotary drill, a “machine very similar to that used to apply the surface decoration to latter-day prestige objects such as Waterford Crystal”.

Mysterious 'body jars' used in Cambodian death rituals hints at existence of previously unknown tribe Body jars buried on ledges 160ft upIdea was that anyone disturbing remains 'would break their neck'Ten sites discovered in areaEvidence of completely unknown ancient people By Rob Waugh Published: 08:22 GMT, 23 May 2012 | Updated: 11:15 GMT, 23 May 2012 Perched on cliff edges, jars and wooden coffins containing human remains offer tantalising evidence of a completely unknown ancient people in Cambodia.

Bluestonehenge "Bluestonehenge" or "Bluehenge" is a prehistoric henge and stone circle monument that was discovered by the Stonehenge Riverside Project about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-east of Stonehenge in Wiltshire , England . All that currently remains of the site is the ditch of the henge and a series of stone settings, none of which is visible above ground. The site was excavated in August 2008 and again in August 2009 and is considered to be an important find by archaeologists . [ 1 ] Full details of the discovery were published in the 2010 January / February edition of British Archaeology . [ 2 ] Initial findings [ edit ] Bluestonehenge digital reconstruction - oval configuration. The monument has been tentatively dated to between about 3000 and 2400 BC, although radiocarbon dating of antler tools found at the site has only provided an approximate date of 2469 to 2286 BC for the dismantling of the stones.

Wadi Sura Project In con­ti­nua­ti­on of the long-las­ting re­se­arch of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Co­lo­gne into the cul­tu­ral and en­vi­ron­men­tal his­to­ry of the eas­tern Sa­ha­ra, the Wadi Sura Pro­ject was star­ted in the be­gin­ning of 2009 as a joint ar­chaeo­lo­gi­cal mis­si­on of the Uni­ver­si­ty of Co­lo­gne, the Co­lo­gne Uni­ver­si­ty of Ap­p­lied Sci­en­ces, and the Ger­man Ar­chaeo­lo­gi­cal In­sti­tu­te in Cairo, fi­nan­ced by the Ger­man Re­se­arch Coun­cil (DFG). The main ob­jec­tive is the study of the so-cal­led "Cave of Be­asts" (Wadi Sura II), a large rock art shel­ter, pain­ted with thousands of fi­gu­res, which is lo­ca­ted at the sou­thwes­tern base of the Gilf Kebir pla­teau close to the bor­der of Libya. The first pri­ma­ry ob­jec­tive of the Wadi Sura Pro­ject is the sys­te­ma­tic do­cu­men­ta­ti­on of the shel­ter and its rock pain­tings in­clu­ding their pre­ser­va­ti­on sta­tus.

Climate change wiped out one of the world's first, great civilisations more than 4,000 years ago Ancient 'Indus' civilisation was one of first great urban culturesStretched for a million square kilometresClimate change altered routes of rivers By Eddie Wrenn Published: 18:11 GMT, 28 May 2012 | Updated: 06:46 GMT, 29 May 2012 The Indus River in Karakoram Range near Skardu, Pakistan, remains a lifeline even in the modern day Climate change led to the collapse of the ancient Indus civilization more than 4,000 years ago, archaeologists believe. The Indus civilization was the largest - but least known - of the first great urban cultures that also included Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Göbekli Tepe The function of the structures is not yet clear. The most common opinion, shared by excavator Klaus Schmidt, is that they are early neolithic sanctuaries. Discovery[edit] The site was first noted in a survey conducted by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago in 1963. American archaeologist Peter Benedict identified it as being possibly neolithic[6] and postulated that the Neolithic layers were topped by Byzantine and Islamic cemeteries. The survey noted numerous flints. The Ancient Serpent Anonymous asked: This blog has been my absolute favorite ever since I stumbled upon it. Thank you :)) The best kiss is the one that has been exchanged a thousand times between the eyes before it reaches the lips.

Archaeologists unveil 120 new figures discovered during third excavation of the site Latest discoveries in China include never-before-seen artefacts, including war drums and a painted shieldMore than 310 pieces newly excavated in total By Lawrence Conway Published: 14:58 GMT, 10 June 2012 | Updated: 09:30 GMT, 11 June 2012 Excavations in China have unearthed a stunning new collection of 2,000-year-old terracotta warriors and hundreds of other artefacts. 101 Facts About Newgrange - Construction of Newgrange 21 Newgrange mound should be properly referred to as a cairn, because it consists of water-rolled pebbles, each of which is between 6 to 9 inches across. 22 The entire mound contains an estimated 200,000 tonnes of material, and it has been estimated construction would have taken about 30 years using a workforce of about 300. 23 It is not known with any certainty how the larger stones which form the kerb and passage and chamber of Newgrange were brought to the site.

Wan Muhuggiag (Muhjaij) Mummy, Tashwinat, Libya The Wan Muhuggiag Mummy, on display at the Assaraya. Discovery: The Tashwinat Mummy is a small mummy of a child, discovered in a small cave in Wan Muhuggiag, in the Acacus massif (Tadrart Acacus), Fezzan, Libya, by Professor Fabrizio Mori in 1958. The mummy is currently on display at the Assaraya Alhamra Museum (gallery 4) in Tripoli. The name Muhuggiag appears in various forms, including Wan Mughjaj, Uan Mugjaj (probably a typing error of: Muhjaj), Wan Mahugag, and Uan Muhuggiag. The local pronunciation of the name gives: Muhjaij: /mouhjeej/. Rock 'n' Roll: Does this cunning technique help explain how the mysterious Easter Island heads 'walked' to their resting places? By Eddie Wrenn Published: 17:13 GMT, 20 June 2012 | Updated: 06:14 GMT, 21 June 2012 Easter Island - the land where giant stone heads gaze distantly at the sea - is both a fascinating conundrum and a wonderful microcosm of a society which moved to a new land, accidentally destroyed the ecosystem, and then eventually destroyed themselves.

This is the cutting edge. They question did religion come before agriculture. by worldhistoryhonors Sep 5