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Goddess of the hunt and the wild in ancient Greek religion and mythology In Greek tradition, Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. In most accounts, the twins are the products of an extramarital liaison. For this, Zeus' wife Hera forbade Leto from giving birth anywhere on land. Only the island of Delos gave refuge to Leto, allowing her to give birth to her children. In most accounts, Artemis is born first and then proceeds to assist Leto in the birth of the second twin, Apollo. Artemis was also a patron of healing and disease, particularly among women and children, and believed to send both good health and illness upon women and children. Artemis was one of the three major virgin goddesses alongside Athena and Hestia. Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities; her worship spread throughout ancient Greece, with her multiple temples, altars, shrines, and local veneration found everywhere in the ancient world. Birth[edit] Related:  Metamorphoses by OvidFrankish

Tauri Map of the Roman empire under Hadrian (ruled 117-38 AD), showing the location of the Chersonnesos Taurike (Crimean peninsula), the home of the Tauri The Tauri (; Ταῦροι in Ancient Greek), also Scythotauri, Tauri Scythae, Tauroscythae (Pliny, H. N. 4.85) were a people settled on the southern coast of the Crimea peninsula, inhabiting the Crimean Mountains in the 1st millennium BC and the narrow strip of land between the mountains and the Black Sea.[1] According to the sources, Taurians lived in Crimean peninsula for the first time and never abandoned its borders.[2] They gave their name to the peninsula, which was known in ancient times as Taurica, Taurida and Tauris. Assimilation[edit] Taurians intermixed with the Scythians starting from the end of 3rd century BC, and were mentioned as Tauroscythians and Scythotaurians in the works of ancient Greek writers. History[edit] The Greeks identified the Tauric goddess with Artemis Tauropolos or with Iphigeneia, daughter of Agamemnon.

Leto Greek mythological figure and mother of Apollo and Artemis The island of Kos is claimed to be her birthplace. However, Diodorus, in 2.47 states clearly that Leto was born in Hyperborea and not in Kos.[2] In the Olympian scheme, Zeus is the father of her twins,[3] Apollo and Artemis, which Leto conceived after her hidden beauty accidentally caught the eye of Zeus. Classical Greek myths record little about Leto other than her pregnancy and search for a place where she could give birth to Apollo and Artemis, since Hera in her jealousy caused all lands to shun her. Etymology[edit] There are several explanations for the origin of the goddess and the meaning of her name. In 20th-century sources Leto is traditionally derived from Lycian lada, "wife", as her earliest cult was centered in Lycia. Origins[edit] Worship[edit] Lycian Letoon[edit] Leto was intensely worshipped in Lycia, Anatolia.[13] In Delos and Athens she was worshipped primarily as an adjunct to her children. Crete[edit] Epithets[edit]

Sasanian Empire Persian imperial dynasty (224–651) The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, a local Iranian ruler who rose to power as Parthia weakened from internal strife and wars with Rome. After defeating the last Parthian shahanshah, Artabanus IV, in the battle of Hormozdgan in 224, he established the Sasanian dynasty and set out to restore the legacy of the Achaemenid Empire by expanding Iran's dominions. The period of Sasanian rule is considered a high point in Iranian history,[15] and in many ways was the peak of ancient Iranian culture before the Muslim conquest and subsequent Islamisation. Name Officially, the Empire was known as the Empire of Iranians (Middle Persian: ērānšahr, Parthian: aryānšahr); the term is first attested in the Great Inscription of Shapur I, where the king says "I am the ruler of Empire of Iranians" (Middle Persian: ērānšahr xwadāy hēm, Parthian: aryānšahr xwadāy ahēm).[21] History Origins and early history (205–310) First Golden Era (309–379) Descendants Government

Artemis • Facts and Information on Greek Goddess Artemis Greek mythology is filled with respected gods and goddesses that continue to inspire. Artemis is known as the goddess of the hunt and is one of the most respected of all the ancient Greek deities. It is thought that her name, and even the goddess herself, may even be pre-Greek. She was the daughter of Zeus, king of the gods, and the Titaness Leto and she has a twin brother, the god Apollo. Not only was Artemis the goddess of the hunt, she was also known as the goddess of wild animals, wilderness, childbirth and virginity. Also, she was protector of young children and was know to bring and relieve disease in women. Artemis was a virgin and drew the attention and interest of many gods and men. In one version of the stories of Adonis – who was a late addition to Greek mythology during the Hellenistic period – Artemis sent a wild boar to kill Adonis after he continued to boast that he was a far greater hunter than her. The Origins of Artemis Artemis’s origin story is a tumultuous one.

Pompey First century BC Roman general and politician Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus[a] (Classical Latin: [ˈŋnae̯.ʊs pɔmˈpɛjjʊs ˈmaŋnʊs]; 29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great,[1] was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic. He came from a wealthy Italian provincial background; his father had been the first to establish the family among the nobiles (Roman nobility). Pompey's success as a general while still very young enabled him to advance directly to his first consulship without meeting the normal cursus honorum (requirements for office). Early life and political debut[edit] Another civil war broke out between the Marians and Sulla in 84–82 BC. Sulla defeated the Marians and was appointed as Dictator. Sicily, Africa and Lepidus' rebellion[edit] After a lengthy siege Brutus surrendered. Catulus, who had recruited an army at Rome, now took on Lepidus directly defeating him in a battle just to the north of Rome. Syria[edit]

Diana From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search Diana most commonly refers to: Places and jurisdictions[edit] Africa[edit] Americas[edit] Diana, New York, a town in Lewis County, New York, United StatesDiana, Saskatchewan, a ghost town in Canada Asia[edit] Diana, Iraq, a village in northern Iraq Europe[edit] Astronomy[edit] Fiction and media[edit] Books and comics[edit] Film[edit] Television[edit] Theatre[edit] Music[edit] Albums[edit] Songs[edit] Ships[edit] Sculptures[edit] Acronyms[edit] Other uses[edit] See also[edit] Carus Augustus Carus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Carus Augustus;[1][2] c. 222 – July or August 283) was Roman Emperor from 282 to 283, and was 60 at ascension. During his short reign, Carus fought the Germanic tribes and Sarmatians along the Danube frontier with success. He died while campaigning against the Sassanid Empire, probably of unnatural causes, as he was reportedly struck by lightning. He was succeeded by his sons Carinus and Numerian, creating a dynasty which, though short-lived, provided further stability to the resurgent empire. Biography[edit] An Antoninianus of Carus. Carus, whose name before the accession may have been Marcus Numerius Carus,[4] was born, according to differing accounts, either in Gaul, Illyricum or Africa.[5] Modern scholarship inclines to the former view, placing his birth at Narbo (modern Narbonne) in Gaul[6][7] though he was educated in Rome.[8] Little can be said with certainty of his life and rule. Campaign against the Sassanids and death[edit] Legacy[edit]

Artemis | Myths, Symbols, & Meaning | Britannica Artemis, in Greek religion, the goddess of wild animals, the hunt, and vegetation and of chastity and childbirth; she was identified by the Romans with Diana. Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. Among the rural populace, Artemis was the favourite goddess. The worship of Artemis probably flourished in Crete or on the Greek mainland in pre-Hellenic times. Dances of maidens representing tree nymphs (dryads) were especially common in Artemis’s worship as goddess of the tree cult, a role especially popular in the Peloponnese. Outside the Peloponnese, Artemis’s most familiar form was as Mistress of Animals. The frequent stories of the love affairs of Artemis’s nymphs are supposed by some to have originally been told of the goddess herself.

Vascones Pre-Roman tribe, namesake ancestors of the Basques Location of the tribe of the Vascones in black. A coin with BARSCUNES in Iberian script. It has been proposed that the word is related to Vascones. Coins of Arsaos, Navarre, 150-100 BC, showing Roman stylistic influence. Territory[edit] Roman period[edit] Portrait of Livy, the author of the first known document about the Vascones. The description of the territory which the Vascones[2] inhabited during ancient times appears in texts of classical authors, between the 1st century BC and the 2nd century AD, such as Livy, Strabo, Pliny the Elder and Ptolemy. Both cities, Kalágouris, one of the main cities of the ouáskones,... Ptolemy, who listed the main cities of the Vascones. This information is found again in the works of Ptolemy, who lived during the 1st and 2nd Century AD. 3rd and 4th centuries[edit] Late Basquisation[edit] However, research during last decades has called into question the possibility of an expansion northwards (J.J.

Jupiter Fifth planet from the Sun Jupiter is primarily composed of hydrogen, followed by helium, which constitutes a quarter of its mass and a tenth of its volume. The ongoing contraction of Jupiter's interior generates more heat than the planet receives from the Sun. Name and symbol , descends from a Greek zeta with a horizontal stroke, ⟨Ƶ⟩, as an abbreviation for Zeus.[17][18] In Germanic mythology, Jupiter is equated to Thor, the namesake of Thursday.[19] It has been theorized that this replaced the Latin name for the day, Dies Iovi ('Day of Jupiter').[20] The Latin name Iovis is associated with the etymology of Zeus ('sky father'). Formation and migration There are several problems with the grand tack hypothesis. Physical characteristics Jupiter is a gas giant, being primarily composed of gas and liquid rather than solid matter. Composition Jupiter's upper atmosphere is about 90% hydrogen and 10% helium by volume. Size and mass Internal structure Atmosphere Cloud layers View of Jupiter's south pole