1986 artist concept The colonization of the Moon is the proposed establishment of permanent human communities or robot industries on the Moon. Recent indication that water might be present in noteworthy quantities at the lunar poles has renewed interest in the Moon. Polar colonies could also avoid the problem of long lunar nights – about 354 hours, a little more than two weeks – and take advantage of the sun continuously, at least during the local summer (there is no data for the winter yet). Permanent human habitation on a planetary body other than the Earth is one of science fiction's most prevalent themes. Proposals Concept art from NASA showing astronauts entering a lunar outpost The notion of siting a colony on the Moon originated before the Space Age. In 1954, science-fiction author Arthur C. In 1959, John S. Project Horizon Lunex Project Lunex Project was a US Air Force plan for a manned lunar landing prior to the Apollo Program in 1961.
Related: The Universe: Cosmology, Astronomy & Astrobiology
Cities in FlightCities in Flight is an omnibus volume of four novels written by James Blish, originally published between 1955 and 1962, which became known over time collectively as the 'Okie' novels. The novels feature entire cities that are able to fly through space using an anti-gravity device, the spindizzy. They cover a span of time of many hundred years, from a very near future to the end of the universe. Earthman, Come Home was a winner of a Retro Hugo Award in 2004 for Best Novelette. The Cities in Flight Novels They Shall Have Stars They Shall Have Stars (1956) (also published under the title Year 2018!) Reviewing a later edition, the Hartford Courant described the novel as "a skillful mixture of human reality and technological fantasy A Life for the Stars A Life for the Stars (1962) is a bildungsroman describing the adventures of a sixteen-year-old farm boy Chris, co-opted into an Earth city (Scranton, Pennsylvania) which has begun travelling in space. References
Extraterrestrial LifeThe official U.S. government position on extraterrestrial life and the three major efforts to search for it. Clockwise from top left: The development and testing of hypotheses on extraterrestrial life is known as "exobiology" or "astrobiology", although astrobiology also considers Earth-based life in its astronomical context. On 13 February 2015, scientists (including Geoffrey Marcy, Seth Shostak, Frank Drake, Elon Musk and David Brin) at a convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, discussed Active SETI and whether transmitting a message to possible intelligent extraterrestrials in the Cosmos was a good idea; one result was a statement, signed by many, that a "worldwide scientific, political and humanitarian discussion must occur before any message is sent". §Background §Possible basis §Biochemistry All life on Earth is based upon 26 chemical elements. Life on Earth requires water as its solvent in which biochemical reactions take place.
The Moon is a KREEPy placePosted by Emily Lakdawalla Topics: NASA lunar missions before 2005, the Moon, explaining science If you go to a conference about lunar geology, sooner or later you'll hear the term "KREEP" bandied about. (And almost as soon as KREEP is mentioned, a bad pun will be made. The simple definition is that KREEP is an acronym for potassium (chemical symbol K), rare earth elements (the ones that are always cut out of the periodic table and drawn in two separate rows of their own, abbreviated REE), and phosphorus (chemical symbol P). Potassium, rare earths, and phosphorus are lumped together in the term KREEP because they tend to occur together in the lunar crust. Rufus Gefangenen Forming the Moon The molten moon had a bulk composition of rock; more specifically, its bulk composition is of a mafic rock, one that's rich in iron and magnesium. But the way it solidifies is a bit strange. Some elements just can't squeeze in to the crystal lattices. OK, so that's what KREEP is.
Bigelow Aerospace to Study Moon Base in Deal With NASABigelow Aerospace LLC, a maker of inflatable space habitats, will study the possible return of men to the moon as part of an agreement with NASA that may lead to more public-private partnerships for exploration. The company said it will identify options for government and private investments to advance human space exploration beyond low-Earth orbit, or more than 1,200 miles (1,900 kilometers) from Earth’s surface. Las Vegas-based Bigelow Aerospace won’t be paid for work that is scheduled to be completed this year. A lunar base will be part of the study announced today by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, though the space agency isn’t planning to fund a moon mission. The deal “signals that NASA is open to working with the private sector on lunar activities even if the agency itself does not want to lead such an effort,” Scott Pace, director of the Space Policy Institute at George Washington University, said in a phone interview.
Space exposureSpace exposure is the subjection of a human to the conditions of outer space, without protective clothing and beyond the Earth’s atmosphere in a vacuum. Explanation and history For the effect of rapid decompression to vacuum conditions, see the main article at Uncontrolled decompression. Ebullism, hypoxia, hypocapnia and decompression sickness Few humans have experienced these four conditions. The only humans to have died of space exposure are the three crew members of the Soyuz 11 spacecraft: Vladislav Volkov, Georgi Dobrovolski and Viktor Patsayev. Extreme temperature variations Extreme temperature variations are a problem in space, because heat exchange occurs primarily via infrared radiation. In a vacuum water vapor would rapidly evaporate from exposed areas such as the lungs, cornea of the eye, and mouth, cooling the body. Cellular mutation and destruction from high energy photons and (sub-atomic) particles In science fiction See also References
Future Space-based HabitatsLunar PioneerNASA's big decision: Build a moon base or lasso an asteroid?While NASA's proposed budget for 2014 unveiled this week reaffirms the space agency's ambitious plan to send astronauts to an asteroid, some members of Congress are pushing for a more familiar goal: a moon base by 2022. Skip to next paragraph Subscribe Today to the Monitor Click Here for your FREE 30 DAYS ofThe Christian Science MonitorWeekly Digital Edition President Barack Obama's federal budget request for 2014, released Wednesday (April 10), gives NASA $105 million to jump-start a bold plan to park an asteroid near the moon. But some lawmakers contend that the moon should still be NASA's immediate human spaceflight target. "The moon is our nearest celestial body, taking only a matter of days to reach," Rep. The bill would also give NASA's manned spaceflight efforts more direction, its sponsors say. "This legislation is not just about landing another human on the moon.