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Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener
Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher. He was Professor of Mathematics at MIT. A famous child prodigy, Wiener later became an early researcher in stochastic and noise processes, contributing work relevant to electronic engineering, electronic communication, and control systems. Wiener is considered the originator of cybernetics, a formalization of the notion of feedback, with implications for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, neuroscience, philosophy, and the organization of society. Biography[edit] Youth[edit] Wiener was born in Columbia, Missouri, the first child of Leo Wiener and Bertha Kahn, Jews[1] of Polish and German origin, respectively. Despite being raised in a Jewish family, he later became an agnostic.[2] After graduating from Ayer High School in 1906 at 11 years of age, Wiener entered Tufts College. Harvard and World War I[edit] After the war[edit] During and after World War II[edit] Work[edit] 1953. Related:  Teoria de la ComunicacioViability of Systems

List of Coptic New Testament manuscripts The Coptic version is one of the earliest and the most important version of the New Testament. To the present day survived almost 1000 Coptic manuscripts of the New Testament. Majority of them represent Sahidic and Bohairic dialects. Only very few manuscripts represent the dialects of the Middle Egypt. Sahidic manuscripts[edit] The Crosby-Schøyen Codex, Book of Jonah and 1 Peter; the 3rd or 4th centuries; University of MississippiBritish Library MS. Bohairic manuscripts[edit] Other dialects[edit] See also[edit] Further reading[edit] External links[edit]

Mass communication Field of study[edit] Mass communication is "the process by which a person, group of people, or large organization creates a message and transmits it through some type of medium to a large, anonymous, heterogenous audience." [1] Mass communication is regularly associated with media influence or media effects, and media studies. Mass communication is a branch of social science that falls under the larger umbrella of communication studies or communication The history of communication stretches from prehistoric forms of art and writing through modern communication methods such as the Internet. Mass communication began when humans could transmit messages from a single source to multiple receivers. Mass communication has moved from theories such as the hypodermic needle model (or magic bullet theory) through more modern theories such as computer-mediated communication. Advertising[edit] Broadcasting[edit] Journalism[edit] Public Relations[edit] Major Theories[edit] Methods of Study[edit] Notes[edit]

Simone Weil Simone Weil, 1921 Formació i primeres activitats polítiques[modifica | modifica el codi] D'origen jueu, el 1917 entra en un lycée per primera vegada, i alterna els estudis amb classes particulars i l'aprenentatge del grec antic. Des de 1927 manifesta posicions pacifistes participant en el grup Volonté de paix, fundat per Madeleine Vernet. La seva tesi de llicenciatura és Science et perception dans Descartes, escrita el 1929-1930. Després de llicenciar-se en filosofia el 1931, treballa com a professora d'aquesta matèria i de grec a l'institut de Le Puy. El 1932 visita Alemanya per conèixer-ne de prop la situació. El 1932 fa classes a l'institud d'Auxerre, on manté l'activitat sindical dins la Fédération Général de l'Enseignement, adscrita a la CGTU, i el 1933 en el de Roanne. Pacifisme i experiència a la Guerra d'Espanya[modifica | modifica el codi] Fa classes en un lycée de Bourges i, davant l'esclat de la guerra a Espanya, decideix travessar la frontera. Visita els Estats Units i Itàlia.

Anthony Stafford Beer Stafford Beer (25 September 1926 – 23 August 2002) was a British theorist, consultant and professor at the Manchester Business School. He is best known for his work in the fields of operational research and management cybernetics. Biography[edit] Beer was born in London in 1926. He joined United Steel and persuaded the management to found an operational research group, the Department of Operations Research and Cybernetics, which he headed. In mid-1971, Beer was approached by Fernando Flores, then a high-ranking member of the Chilean Production Development Corporation (CORFO) in the newly elected socialist government of Salvador Allende, for advice on applying his cybernetic theories to the management of the state-run sector of the Chilean economy. In the mid-1970s, Beer renounced material possessions and moved to mid-Wales where he lived in an almost austere style, developing strong interests in poetry and art. Work[edit] Management cybernetics[edit] Cybersyn[edit] Viable System Model[edit]

Goffman-La presentacion de la persona en la vida cotidiana Goffman – Lapresentación de la persona en la vida cotidiana 1. Actuaciones Confianza en el papel que desempeña el individuo Cuando u individuo desempeña un papel, solicita implícitamente a sus observadores que lo tomen en serio, que crean que el sujeto posee en realidad los atributos que aparenta poseer, que la tarea que realiza tendrá las consecuencias que en forma implícita pretende y que, en general, las cosas son como aparentan ser. El actuante puede creer por completo en sus propios actos. El actuante puede querer guiar la convicción de su público solo como medio para otros fines, sin un interés fundamental en la concepción que de el o de la situación tiene este. No todos los actuantes cínicos que tienen interés por engañar a su auditorio tienen un “interés por si mismo”, puede engañarlo en bien de este (médicos que dan placebos a los pacientes). Hasta aquí 2 extremos: un individuo puede creer en sus propios actos o ser escéptico acerca de ellos. Fachada Realización dramática 1. 2. 3.

Paul Tillich Paul Johannes Tillich (August 20, 1886 – October 22, 1965) was a German-American Christian existentialist philosopher and Lutheran Protestant theologian who is widely regarded as one of the most influential theologians of the twentieth century.[2] Among the general public, he is best known for his works The Courage to Be (1952) and Dynamics of Faith (1957), which introduced issues of theology and modern culture to a general readership. In academic theology, he is best known for his major three-volume work Systematic Theology (1951–63) in which he developed his "method of correlation", an approach of exploring the symbols of Christian revelation as answers to the problems of human existence raised by contemporary existential philosophical analysis.[3][4] Biography[edit] Tillich was born on August 20, 1886, in the small village of Starzeddel (Starosiedle), Province of Brandenburg, which was then part of Germany. At the age of 47, Tillich moved with his family to the United States. ... ...

Victòria Sau i Sánchez Victòria Sau i Sánchez (Barcelona, 1 d'abril de 1930 - Barcelona, 6 de novembre de 2013)[1] va ser una escriptora, psicòloga i activista política feminista catalana. Era llicenciada en Història Contemporània i Doctora en Psicologia per la Universitat de Barcelona.[2] Va ser professora de Psicologia Diferencial de la Secció de Psicologia de la facultat de Filosofia i Ciències de l'Educació d'aquesta universitat,[3] i va exercir com a psicòloga. Fou mentora del 1er Congrés de les Dones de Barcelona (1999)[4][5] i membre del Consell de Ciutat, nomenada pel Consell de les Dones i vicepresidenta del Consell de les Dones de Barcelona. Té una àmplia obra publicada, entre la qual trobem el Diccionario ideológico feminista (1981). Obres feminisme i psicologia[modifica | modifica el codi] Manifiesto para la liberación de la mujer (1974) Barcelona, Ed. 29[2] i (1975), Barcelona, Ed. Obres divulgatives anteriors[modifica | modifica el codi] ABC de las Ciencias Ocultas (1964), Barcelona, Ed.

Paul Watzlawick §Biografía[editar] Tras completar sus estudios primarios en Villach, Paul Watzlawick estudió Psicología y Filología en la Universidad de Venecia y se graduó en 1949. Trabajó en el Instituto C. En 1960, fue invitado por Don D. Tras llevar largo tiempo sufriendo una grave enfermedad, Watzlawick fallece el sábado 31 de marzo de 2007 en Palo Alto, a los 85 años de edad. §Axiomas de Watzlawick[editar] Según Watzlawick, existen cinco axiomas en su teoría de la comunicación humana. Es imposible no comunicarse: Todo comportamiento es una forma de comunicación. §Comunicación fracasada entre individuos[editar] Los fracasos en la comunicación entre individuos se presentan, cuando: Estos se comunican en un código distinto.El código en el que transmite el mensaje ha sido alterado dentro del canal.Existe una falsa interpretación de la situación.Se confunde el nivel de relación por el nivel de contenido.Existe una mala puntuación.La comunicación digital no concuerda con la comunicación analógica.

Homeostasis Homeostasis, also spelled homoeostasis (from Greek: ὅμοιος homœos, "similar" and στάσις stasis, "standing still"), is the property of a system in which variables are regulated so that internal conditions remain stable and relatively constant. Examples of homeostasis include the regulation of temperature and the balance between acidity and alkalinity (pH). It is a process that maintains the stability of the human body's internal environment in response to changes in external conditions. The concept was described by French physiologist Claude Bernard in 1865 and the word was coined by Walter Bradford Cannon in 1926.[1] Although the term was originally used to refer to processes within living organisms, it is frequently applied to automatic control systems such as thermostats. Homeostasis requires a sensor to detect changes in the condition to be regulated, an effector mechanism that can vary that condition; and a negative feedback connection between the two. Biological[edit] Biosphere[edit]

Hans-Georg Gadamer Hans-Georg Gadamer (Marburgo, 11 de febrero de 1900 – Heidelberg, 13 de marzo de 2002) fue un filósofo alemán especialmente conocido por su obra Verdad y método (Wahrheit und Methode) y por su renovación de la Hermenéutica. El fenómeno del lenguaje es misterioso y atractivo al mismo tiempo, pues no es una cosa aislada, sino que refiere a nuestra condición en el mundo, que es un "vivir en diálogo", "habitamos en la palabra".[1] Biografía[editar] El padre de Gadamer era químico farmacéutico, posteriormente también fue rector de la universidad de Marburgo. Poco después Gadamer visitó Friburgo de Brisgovia y comenzó a estudiar con Martin Heidegger, quien aún no era profesor titular pero sí un brillante profesor asistente. Gadamer hizo su habilitación académica en el año 1929, y comenzó a enseñar en Marburgo durante los primeros años de la década de los 30. Obra[editar] Es el fundador de la Escuela Hermenéutica. Placa conmemorativa a Gadamer en Breslavia La estética gadameriana[editar]

Tertullian Unlike many Church fathers, Tertullian was never recognized as a saint by the Eastern or Western catholic tradition churches. Several of his teachings on issues such as the clear subordination of the Son and Spirit to the Father,[12][14] and his condemnation of remarriage for widows and of fleeing from persecution, contradicted the doctrines of these traditions. Life[edit] Scant reliable evidence exists to inform us about Tertullian's life; most history about him comes from passing references in his own writings. Further, Tertullian has been thought to be a lawyer based on his use of legal analogies and an identification of him with the jurist Tertullianus, who is quoted in the Pandects. His conversion to Christianity perhaps took place about 197–198 (cf. In the time of Augustine, a group of "Tertullianists" still had a basilica in Carthage which, within that same period, passed to the orthodox Church. Writings[edit] General character[edit] Chronology and contents[edit] Theology[edit] 1. 1.

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