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"Valinorean" redirects here. For the language of the Valar, see Valarin. Tolkien began devising the language at around 1910 and re-structured the grammar several times until Quenya reached its final state. The language featured prominently in Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings trilogy, as well as in his posthumously published history of Middle-earth The Silmarillion. External history[edit] J. The ingredients in Quenya are various, but worked out into a self-consistent character not precisely like any language that I know. Tolkien never intended Quenya, or any of his constructed languages, to be used in everyday life as an international auxiliary language,[5] although he was in favour of the idea of Esperanto as an auxiliary language within Europe.[6] With his Quenya, Tolkien pursued a double aesthetic goal: "classical and inflected".[4] This urge, in fact, was the motivation for his creation of a 'mythology'. Development[edit] In his lifetime, J. Publication of linguistic papers[edit] Related:  Tolkienjrrt

Sindar The Sindar were happy in Middle-earth, but once the desire for the Sea was aroused in them, they could not be content until they sailed to Eldamar. Although less learned and powerful than the Calaquendi and less interested in crafts than the Noldor, they were extremely gifted in music, and their voices were very fair. Other Teleri also stayed behind: these were the friends of Ossë the Maia, who had fallen in love with the shores of Middle-earth, and did not wish to depart. Their leader was Círdan, and they established cities at Eglarest and Brithombar. They were known as the Falathrim, or Elves of the Falas (Shore). They were not part of the realm of Eglador, but still took Thingol as their King. Yet other stray bands of Teleri settled in Nevrast and Hithlum to the north of Eglador, although these did not form any realms. Just before the arrival of the Noldorin exiles, the Dark Lord Morgoth returned to his old stronghold of Angband, and his activities increased. Notable Sindar[edit]

Tom Bombadil From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Tom Bombadil is a supporting character in J. R. Appearances Literature The Adventures of Tom Bombadil Tolkien invented Tom Bombadil in honour of his children's Dutch doll, and wrote light-hearted children's poems about him, imagining him as a nature-spirit evocative of the English countryside, which in Tolkien's time had begun to disappear. Tolkien's 1934 poem "The Adventures of Tom Bombadil" depicts Bombadil as a "merry fellow" living in a dingle close to the Withywindle river, where he wanders, exploring nature at his leisure. The poems were published in the collections The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and later in Tales from the Perilous Realm. The Lord of the Rings Tom first appears within the story after Merry and Pippin are trapped by Old Man Willow and Frodo cries for help. Frodo spends two nights in Tom Bombadil's house, each night dreaming a different dream, which are implied to be either clairvoyant or prophetic. Characteristics Names and titles

Esgaroth A drawing of Esgaroth Esgaroth appears to be a city-state, always independent of Dale, and a republic with no king (the only real republic shown in Middle-earth). The people had always elected from among the old and wise the Master of Lake-town and did "not [endure] the rule of mere fighting men." History[edit] Master of Lake-town[edit] Master of Lake-town is the title given to the elected leader of Esgaroth. In other media[edit] In the Real Time Strategy game, The Battle for Middle Earth II, the settlement of Esgaroth is featured in the campaign and available for skirmish. Notes[edit] References[edit] Tolkien, J. External links[edit] Esgaroth at the Tolkien Gateway

Lord of the Rings Fanatics Archive Archive Home > Movies - The Fellowship of the Ring Huorn of Fangorn Points: 956 Posts: 1119 Joined: 01/Jan/2004 ...o.k that thread title is a little misleading, but seeing as you are here now. Tom Bombadil does feature in the film, well, some of his lines do anyway...on the extended D.V.D of the Two Towers, Treebeard says a line to the willow whos fissures Merry and Pippin fall into, the line Treebeard speaks is one of Tom’s something along the lines of "you should not be waking, dig deep, eat earth, *something which i can’t remember* go to sleep!" has anybody else noticed similar occurrences throughout any of the films?!? sorry, just remembered another one, Wormtongue’s infamous words to Eowyn, are actually Gandalfs in the book, but it worked better with Wormtongue saying them in the fiml i thought. Pilgrim of Isengard Points: 1663 Posts: 3518 Joined: 20/Jun/2002 Yes, that did remind me of good old Tom Bombadil, but I never really proved it as one of his quotes. Túrin24/Feb/2004 at 07:05 PM

Dúnedain History[edit] Sauron's spirit fled from Númenor to Middle-earth, and he again raised mighty armies to challenge the new Dúnedain kingdoms, Gondor and Arnor. With the aid of Gil-galad and the Elves, Sauron was defeated, and he vanished into the wild East for many centuries. Gondor and Arnor prospered during this time. As Sauron began to re-form and gather strength, a series of deadly plagues came from the East. After the fall of Arthedain, a remnant of the northern Dúnedain became the Rangers of the North, doing what they could to keep the peace in the near-empty lands of their Fathers. Over the centuries, the southern Dúnedain of Gondor intermarried more and more with so-called Middle Men. In the Fourth Age, the Dúnedain of Gondor and Arnor were reunited under King Aragorn II Elessar (who was also called the Dúnadan). In addition to the Faithful, there were Dúnedain in the South who manned Númenórean garrisons at places like Umbar. Characteristics[edit] See also[edit] External links[edit]

Atar Atar[pronunciation?] (Avestan ātar) is the Zoroastrian concept of holy fire, sometimes described in abstract terms as "burning and unburning fire" or "visible and invisible fire" (Mirza, 1987:389). In the Avestan language, ātar is an attribute of sources of heat and light, of which the nominative singular form is ātarš, source of Persian āteš (fire). It was once thought to be etymologically related to the Avestan āθrauuan / aθaurun (Vedic atharvan), a type of priest, but that is now considered unlikely (Boyce, 2002:16). The ultimate etymology of ātar, previously unknown (Boyce, 2002:1), is now believed to be from the Indo-European *hxehxtr- 'fire'. [1] This would make it related to the Latin ater (black) and either a loan source or cognate of the Serbian ватра / vatra (fire) (also of the Romanian vatră (hearth, home, fireplace), of possible Dacian or Paleo-Balkanic origin), which sets Serbian apart from other Slavonic languages, e.g. In scripture[edit] In the Gathic texts[edit]

Númenor The author had intended Númenor to be an allusion to the legendary Atlantis.[2] An unfinished story Aldarion and Erendis is set in the realm of Númenor at the time of its zenith, and Akallabêth summarizes its history and downfall. Otherwise only compendious or abandoned writings of Tolkien deal with Númenor, such as the appendices to The Lord of the Rings and several accounts published in Unfinished Tales and The History of Middle-earth series. Originally intended to be a part of a time-travel story, the tale of the fall of Númenor was for some time viewed by Tolkien as a conclusion to his Silmarillion and the "Last Tale" about the Elder Days.[3] Later, with the emergence of The Lord of the Rings, it became the link between these two works and a major part of his legendarium. Literature[edit] History[edit] In the year 3255 of the Second Age, the 25th king, Ar-Pharazôn, sailed to Middle-earth and landed at Umbar. Names and etymology[edit] Geography[edit] Regions[edit] Forostar or "Northlands"

Aulë Fictional details[edit] As Aulë is a smith, he is the Vala most similar in thought and powers to Melkor, in that they each gloried in the fashioning of artful and original things. Both also came to create beings of their own. But while Aulë strove to be true to the original intent of the Music of the Ainur, and submitted all that he did to the will of Ilúvatar, Melkor wished to control and subvert all things, and was jealous of the creations of others so that he would try to twist or destroy all that they made. Aulë and the Creation of the Dwarves[edit] When Aulë had completed his work he began to instruct the Dwarves in the language he had made for them, Khuzdul. Ilúvatar accepted them as his adopted children; however, as it was ordained that the Elves were to be the firstborn race, he set the Dwarves to sleep "in the darkness under stone" inside remote mountains in Middle-earth, until after the Awakening of the Elves. Maiar Associated with Aulë[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Minor places in Middle-earth The stories of J. R. R. A[edit] Aldburg All-welcome Inn An inn located at the junction of the Northway and the East Road on the Hobbiton side of Frogmorton. Amon Hen A hill located on the western bank of the river Anduin, at the southern end of the long lake Nen Hithoel above the Falls of Rauros. Amon Lhaw (S. Although at one time Amon Lhaw had been on the northern boundary of Gondor and a high seat was built there (probably called The Seat of Hearing), this was no longer the case at the time of the War of the Ring; by then, it had long since fallen under the influence of Mordor. Argonath A monument comprising two enormous pillars carved in the likenesses of Isildur and Anárion, standing upon either side of the River Anduin at the northern approach to Nen Hithoel. Each of the two figures was shown wearing a crown and a helm, with an axe in its right hand and its left hand raised in a gesture of defiance to the enemies of Gondor.[4] Also known as the Gate of Kings or the Pillars of the Kings.

Fëa and hröa In J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, fëa and hröa are words for "soul" (or "spirit") and "body". The plural form of fëa is fëar (pronounced [ˈfɛ.ar]) and the plural form of hröa is hröar (pronounced [ˈrɔ.ar]). (The words are also spelt fea and hroa because the spellings ëa, öa, where they occur, are only meant to remind people used to English orthography that the two vowels should not be drawn together in speech as in English "sea" or "load") The Elves' fate is to live as long as Arda exists; they are bound to the world and cannot leave it. Glorfindel died in battle during the First Age, and is the only Elf known to have returned to Middle-earth (probably around 1600 Second Age). A fëa may decide to stay in the Halls of Mandos, or it may be denied re-embodiment. The situation of Men is different: a Mannish fëa is only a visitor to Arda, and when the hröa dies, the fëa, after a brief stay in Mandos, leaves Arda completely. See also[edit] References[edit]

Minas Tirith Description[edit] Minas Tirith was built culminating in the Citadel at the summit. Each of the seven levels stood 100 ft (30 m) higher than the one below it, each surrounded by a white wall, with the exception of the wall of the First Circle, which was black. The outer face of this outer wall, the lowest, was made of black stone, the same material used in Orthanc; it was vulnerable only to earthquakes capable of rending the ground where it stood.[2] Each wall held a gate, and each gate faced a different direction. Great Gate[edit] The Great Gate was the main gate on the first level of the City of Minas Tirith. A temporary barricade was erected in place of the Great Gate. Other gates[edit] The gates of the Second Level through the Sixth Level were staggered at different positions of the wall. The Seventh Gate led to the Citadel. Pelennor Fields[edit] The Pelennor Fields were the townlands and fields of Minas Tirith. Facts[edit] The first level included an inn, the Old Guesthouse. History[edit]

Middle-earth cosmology This is an overview of . Each entry is followed by any alternative names, any roughly corresponding primary world name in parentheses, and a brief description. A question mark after the primary world name indicates that the identification may be partially speculative or disputed. ( Heaven ) — The home of Eru ( God ) outside of Time. They are similar to Heaven in that they exist outside the boundaries of the universe and in that they do not have a physical form. Some hypothesize they are the final destination of the souls of Men ; however, it is a greater possibility they may be only a temporary, intermediate dwelling before the restoration of Arda. , Avakúma, Kúma, the Outer Dark, the Eldest Dark, the Everlasting Dark — An abstract uninhabited region of nothingness described as existing outside the Timeless Halls, Arda, and all of Eä. (the Universe ) — is the Quenya name for the universe , as a realization of the vision of the Ainur . , Ilu — See Arda . [ edit ] References Tolkien, J.