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Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive Dissonance
Understanding this experiment sheds a brilliant light on the dark world of our inner motivations. The ground-breaking social psychological experiment of Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) provides a central insight into the stories we tell ourselves about why we think and behave the way we do. The experiment is filled with ingenious deception so the best way to understand it is to imagine you are taking part. So sit back, relax and travel back. The time is 1959 and you are an undergraduate student at Stanford University… As part of your course you agree to take part in an experiment on ‘measures of performance’. Little do you know, the experiment will actually become a classic in social psychology. The set-up Once in the lab you are told the experiment is about how your expectations affect the actual experience of a task. Perhaps you wonder why you’re being told all this, but nevertheless it makes it seem a bit more exciting now that you know some of the mechanics behind the experiment. Related:  Health

Cognitive traps for intelligence analysis This article deals with a subset of the intellectual process of intelligence analysis itself, as opposed to intelligence analysis management, which in turn is a subcomponent of intelligence cycle management. For a complete hierarchical list of articles in this series, see the intelligence cycle management hierarchy. Intelligence analysis is plagued by many of the cognitive traps also encountered in other disciplines. The first systematic study of the specific pitfalls lying between an intelligence analyst and clear thinking was carried out by Dick Heuer.[1] According to Heuer, these traps may be rooted either in the analyst's organizational culture or his or her own personality. Types[edit] The most common personality trap, known as mirror-imaging[2] is the analysts' assumption that the people being studied think like the analysts themselves. Inappropriate analogies are yet another cognitive trap. Organizational culture[edit] The "other culture"[edit] The social anthropologist Edward T.

Mind Tools - Management Training, Leadership Training and Career Training Schema (psychology) In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes an organized pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them.[1] It can also be described as a mental structure of preconceived ideas, a framework representing some aspect of the world, or a system of organizing and perceiving new information.[2] Schemata influence attention and the absorption of new knowledge: people are more likely to notice things that fit into their schema, while re-interpreting contradictions to the schema as exceptions or distorting them to fit. Schemata have a tendency to remain unchanged, even in the face of contradictory information. Schemata can help in understanding the world and the rapidly changing environment.[3] People can organize new perceptions into schemata quickly as most situations do not require complex thought when using schema, since automatic thought is all that is required.[3] Main article: Schema Therapy

Six Thinking Hats - Decision-Making Skills Training from MindTools Looking at a Decision From All Points of View Look at decisions from many angles, with James Manktelow & Amy Carlson. 'Six Thinking Hats' is an important and powerful technique. This tool was created by Edward de Bono in his book '6 Thinking Hats'. Many successful people think from a very rational, positive viewpoint. Similarly, pessimists may be excessively defensive, and more emotional people may fail to look at decisions calmly and rationally. If you look at a problem with the 'Six Thinking Hats' technique, then you will solve it using all approaches. How to Use the Tool You can use Six Thinking Hats in meetings or on your own. Each 'Thinking Hat' is a different style of thinking. White Hat: With this thinking hat you focus on the data available. A variant of this technique is to look at problems from the point of view of different professionals (e.g. doctors, architects, sales directors, etc.) or different customers. Example Key Points

Living Healthy for Men: Weight Loss, Fitness Training, & Food Overview A lot can happen between visits to the doctor—especially since more than half of men skip out on their annual physical examinations, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. “You can feel great, but still have killer numbers,” says Bruce B. From head to toe, small changes can be red flags of serious medical conditions—ones to take to your doctor ASAP. If you see: Your hair falling out in spots. It could mean: While a receding hairline is just nature doing its thing (sorry!) Follow up: Understand that “stress” is not a thing all by itself. If you see: One growing. It could mean: Sure, you call them pecs. Follow up: See your physician for an examination. If you have: Trouble urinating. It could mean: Stop blaming bladder shyness. Follow up: It’s time for a prostate exam. If you see: A new sore or bump that doesn’t go away. It could mean: Don’t chalk it up as an obstinate canker sore. Follow up: Call up your doctor or dentist for an examination. Follow up: Slim down!

This Simple Test Will Blow 98% Of People's Minds. You Other 2%… Well, You're Weird This is a simple test but what happens at the end will probably blow your mind. It happens to be one of those cool things that no one can really explain, but is totally fascinating. It isn't hard science, but you need to try it and see for yourself. Don't write anything down or use a calculator. Are you in the overwhelming percentage that thought “red hammer”? Share your result and test with others and see what your family and friends say! Related: Credits:The Meta Picture, Viral Nova What is a Decision Matrix, FREE Template and Example Also known as: decision-making matrix, solutions prioritization matrix, cost/benefit analysis matrix, problem/solution matrix, options/criteria matrix, vendor selection matrix, criteria/alternatives matrix, RFP evaluation matrix, COWS decision matrix, C.O.W.S. decision matrix, supplier rating spreadsheet, comparison matrix template, importance/performance matrix, criteria-based decision matrix, importance/performance-based decision matrix, weighted score matrix, proposal evaluation matrix, criteria/alternatives matrix, software selection matrix, or bid decision matrix. Use templates and samples provided in your FREE RFP Letters Toolkit to create your own Decision Matrix. Decision Matrix Definition A decision matrix allows decision makers to structure, then solve their problem by: specifying and prioritizing their needs with a list a criteria; thenevaluating, rating, and comparing the different solutions; and selecting the best matching solution. The Decision Matrix is also called: and then Free Downloads - CBT Self Help Leaflets & Booklets Free Downloadable CBT Self-Help Information Leaflets brings you directly to Therapy Worksheets page The following Adobe documents are freely available for you to download for therapy purposes - just click on the picture to open the file (in a new tab/window), then save a copy to your computer. Thumbnail pictures show only top half of portrait format documents. Therapist Resources & Therapy worksheets Cognitive Models & Formulation Templates Alphabetical List of Documents Buy WORD versions or download PDF folder You will need Adobe Reader to open the files - download the free software here. Cognitive Models & Formulation Templates About the Resources My motivation for this website is to improve and increase both the self help resources available, and printable resources for therapists. The documents (whole or part) and their content must NOT be resold nor otherwise used for profit. Give your feedback or suggestions here. Naomi's London Marathon 2014 WHAT'S NEW at