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Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive Dissonance
Understanding this experiment sheds a brilliant light on the dark world of our inner motivations. The ground-breaking social psychological experiment of Festinger and Carlsmith (1959) provides a central insight into the stories we tell ourselves about why we think and behave the way we do. The experiment is filled with ingenious deception so the best way to understand it is to imagine you are taking part. So sit back, relax and travel back. The time is 1959 and you are an undergraduate student at Stanford University… As part of your course you agree to take part in an experiment on ‘measures of performance’. Little do you know, the experiment will actually become a classic in social psychology. The set-up Once in the lab you are told the experiment is about how your expectations affect the actual experience of a task. Perhaps you wonder why you’re being told all this, but nevertheless it makes it seem a bit more exciting now that you know some of the mechanics behind the experiment.

http://www.spring.org.uk/2007/10/how-and-why-we-lie-to-ourselves.php

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Hedonic treadmill The Hedonic (or Happiness) Set Point has gained interest throughout the field of positive psychology where it has been developed and revised further.[3] Given that hedonic adaptation generally demonstrates that a person's long term happiness is not significantly affected by otherwise impactful events, positive psychology has concerned itself with the discovery of things that can lead to lasting changes in happiness levels. Overview[edit] Happiness seems to be more like a thermostat, since our temperaments tend to bring us back towards a certain happiness level (a tendency influenced by carefully chosen activities and habits). Hedonic adaptation is a process or mechanism that reduces the affective impact of emotional events. Hedonic adaptation can occur in a variety of ways.

The Science of Mental Illness Share this infographic on your site! <a href=" src=" alt="The Science of Mental Illness" width="500" border="0" /></a><br />Source: <a href=" Science of Mental Illness</a> Embed this infographic on your site! Narcissistic Victim Syndrome: What The Heck Is That? When a man or woman suffers from a condition named Narcissistic Personality Disorder, they display patterns of deviant or abnormal behaviour that is so bad, that it creates carnage on those people who are unfortunate enough to have a close relationship with them. The dysfunctional behaviour involves such callous exploitation of their victims that it has given birth to a new condition known as Narcissistic Victim Syndrome (or Narcissistic Abuse Syndrome). While plenty has been written medically about Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), little or nothing has been written about Narcissistic Victim Syndrome (NVD). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which is published by the American Psychiatric Association, and it is considered the “bible” for all professionals, covers NPD extensively. First, What do we mean by “Syndrome”? The word “syndrome” comes from the Greek “syn”, which means together, and “dramein”, which means to run.

24 Daily Habits That Will Boost Your Intelligence The inner workings of the human brain are still one of humanity's great mysteries. As neuroscience has advanced, we've learned that we can train our brains to think more clearly, be more positive, and better express creativity. In fact, Steve Jobs famously trained his brain using Zen mindfulness meditation to reduce stress, enhance clarity, and boost his creativity. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) : DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria What is a personality disorder? A personality disorder is a pattern of deviant or abnormal behavior that the person doesn't change even though it causes emotional upsets and trouble with other people at work and in personal relationships. It is not limited to episodes of mental illness, and it is not caused by drug or alcohol use, head injury, or illness. There are about a dozen different behavior patterns classified as personality disorders by DSM-IV. All the personality disorders show up as deviations from normal in one or more of the following: (1) cognition -- i.e., perception, thinking, and interpretation of oneself, other people, and events; (2) affectivity -- i.e., emotional responses (range, intensity, lability, appropriateness); (3) interpersonal functions; (4) impulsivity. Narcissistic Personality Disorder

How To Get Out Of A Bad Mood How to keep arguments in proportion in your mind and stop a bad mood in its tracks. Heated arguments can frequently leave us in a bad mood. But recalling the details of a disagreement in a particular way can actually stop it leading to anxiety and depression, research finds. The same is true of other types upsetting or stressful events that can put us in a bad mood. Remembering where you where, exactly what was said, and — vitally — how it could have been dealt with differently, can all help with a bad mood. Professor Ed Watkins, who led the research, said:

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Symptoms The symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder include: grandiose sense of importance, preoccupation with unlimited success, belief that one is special and unique, exploitative of others, lacks empathy, is arrogant, and is jealous of others. These symptoms cause significant distress in a person's life. Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a disorder that is characterized by a long-standing pattern of grandiosity (either in fantasy or actual behavior), an overwhelming need for admiration, and usually a complete lack of empathy toward others. People with this disorder often believe they are of primary importance in everybody’s life or to anyone they meet. While this pattern of behavior may be appropriate for a king in 16th Century England, it is generally considered inappropriate for most ordinary people today.

Radiate Charisma With a Technique Everyone Should Know A behaviour that’s linked to higher perceptions of charisma. People who are mentally quick on their feet are seen as more charismatic by friends, a new study finds. Speed is of the essence, though, the researchers found, while IQ and mental agility were not as vital as they expected. Professor William von Hippel, who led the research, said:

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