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The First Cholera Pandemic - Top 10 Terrible Epidemics Cholera has been around for centuries — the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates seems to allude to it in his work — but for a long time it was restricted to the delta region of India's Ganges River. It wasn't until 1817 when, carried by travelers along trade routes, the disease spread throughout the rest of India and into what is now modern-day Burma and Sri Lanka. Referred to as "Asiatic cholera" by Britain and the U.S. (which would not be hit by the disease until the 1830s), it eventually reached the Philippines and even Iraq, where 18,000 people died during one three-week period in 1821. This was the first of seven cholera pandemics that have spread throughout the globe. Next The Plague of Athens

Churchill Archive | JCS Online Resources The acclaimed Churchill Archive is now free for the first time to schools worldwide thanks to a $1 million donation from philanthropist Laurence Geller CBE. "All children should understand Sir Winston Churchill’s fundamental place in our nation’s history,” says the Rt Hon Nicky Morgan MP, Secretary of State for Education and Minister for Women and Equalities, "and schools can now seize the opportunity to access the Churchill Archive – a tremendous cache of documents that bring history to life.” Opening up exciting new opportunities for the teaching and learning of History at secondary level, the Churchill Archive - described by History Today as "the real gem of online Churchill resources" - offers cross-searchable online access to over 800,000 original documents. Highlights include: OVER 370 SCHOOLS HAVE REGISTERED FOR FREE ACCESS...HAS YOURS? To complement use of the complete Churchill Archive in schools, a special new website has just been launched.

SIW November 11 - The Spanish Flu - ABC Sydney Subscribe to Self Improvement Wednesday: Copy this address into your podcast application - This week's lesson is the NSW experience of the Spanish Flu Epidemic of 1918-1919. Your teacher is Jeremy McAnulty, the Director of Communicable Diseases, with NSW Health. Now take the quiz! 1. a. 25b. 250c. 2,500d. 25,000 2. a. 3. a. 64 per centb. 47 per centc. 25 per centd. 36 per cent 4. a. 5. a. 5-9yearsb. 20-24yrsc. 35-39yrsd. 60-64yrs 6. a. 7. a. 8. a. Answers: 1.c, 2.b, 3.d, 4.d, 5.a, 6.c, 7.a, 8.b

Operation CLICK | Resource Book The Operation CLICK resource book is provided here in PDF file format in 11 separate downloadable files. Files require the Adobe Reader or other PDF reader to view. Get the free Adobe Reader (link opens in a new window) Introduction to Operation CLICK 10 pages 590KB Topic 1Into battle: Australia goes to war 10 pages 750KB Topic 2Impressions of war: Telling the story 6 pages 490KB Topic 3Anzac: Exploring the legend 10 pages 1.4MB Topic 4Australia under attack: Ringed with menace 10 pages 1.2MB Topic 5On active service: Challenges for survival 6 pages 690KB Topic 6Life on the home front: Supporting the war effort 10 pages 1.0MB Topic 7Getting the message across: Signals, ciphers, catchwords Topic 8What makes a hero? 6 pages 530KB Topic 9 In captivity: Deprivation and endurance 8 pages 1.0MB Topic 10Commemoration: Lest we forget 10 pages 2.8MB

Australians at War The Australians at War education kit is an integrated package that draws on the resources of each of the eight episodes of the television series as well as this website. The education kit, as with all components of the Australians at War project, examines the effects of war on the lives of Australians and how the nation has been shaped by those experiences. Maintaining the thematic and dramatic structure of the television series, the education kit explores the ideas and themes in a way that complements the National Curriculum Profile (Studies of Society and Environment). The education kits have been forwarded to all of the nations' primary and secondary schools and are also available for download below. Primary Schools Education Resource Part 1 [PDF 3.1Mb] Primary Schools Education Resource Part 2 [PDF 5.2Mb] Secondary Schools Education Resource Part 1 [PDF 2.5Mb] Secondary Schools Education Resource Part 2 [PDF 4.3Mb] Secondary Schools Education Resource Part 3 [PDF 5.1Mb]

Lebensraum: Policy or Rhetoric? When the Germans talked of Lebensraum, or ‘living space’, they used the term to denote a perceived need to have enough physical room to provide for themselves comfortably. In particular, it identified the possession of enough land to feed a population large enough to ensure Germany a place on the world stage. Hitler did not just start talking about the need to conquer Lebensraum in 1941; its origins lay much further back than even 1939. Anti-Nazi newspaper columnists (for example in Der Deutsche in Polen) observed during the late 1930s that Hitler’s foreign policy involved something more than just planless initiatives, improvisation and contradictory imperatives. They said that its main direction had been well-established during the mid-1920s. The second volume of Mein Kampf, published in December 1926, contained a chapter entitled ‘Eastern Orientation and Eastern Policy’. Where could Hitler’s country expand? What was to be done? The Lebensraum project changed with implementation.

UH - Digital History Who were the Black Diggers? | NITV Nearly 4,000 Indigenous people officially served during World War II (1939-1945), according to historian Robert Hall. Of those, about 3,000 were Aboriginal people and 850 Torres Strait Islander people. Other accounts suggest as many as 5,000 Indigenous people served. The War Service Land Settlement Agreement between the Federal Government and states resulted in soldier settlement legislation that granted returned service personnel land. While Indigenous service personnel were not excluded, many say they were rejected from the scheme. The treatment of Black Diggers during World War II is known to have further propelled the Indigenous rights movement, which led to the 1967 referendum. The referendum resulted in two amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia. Torres Strait Islander service The 850 Torres Strait Islander people who served is considered quite high, given the total population was only in the thousands. WWII Black heroes

Best of History Web Sites ‘Too Dark to See’ documentary sheds new light on black diggers | NITV This year, Western Sydney University and the Australian War Memorial are correcting the record with the documentary, ‘Too Dark to See’. But the project is not just a film - it also includes a photographic exhibition and a commemorative book, published in time for Remembrance Day. The works celebrate Indigenous soldiers by recounting their personal stories. Melissa Williams from Western Sydney University’s Office of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Employment & Engagement, told NITV the film “is to commemorate Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and really to honour their contribution.” The film features war veteran, uncle Cliff Daylight. He explains, “Aboriginal people have fought the boar war, malaysian conflicts, first and second world war, Vietnam. They put their lives on the line despite not even being considered Australian citizens. The documentary addresses everything from racism to comradery, as well as the highs and lows of serving in the Australian Defence Force.

Google Earth animation of the weather conditions of the First Fleet voyage | SE Australian Recent Climate History HMS Sirius Lieutenant William Bradley recorded the daily noon temperature in his weather journal maintained over the course of the First Fleet’s journey from 1787-1788. He continued to record the noon temperature while the HMS Sirius was anchored at Port Jackson during the first eight months of the settlement of Sydney Cove. A preview of the paper to appear in the UK journal Weather is available here The route of this historic journey, together with the temperatures experienced by those aboard the Sirius can now be viewed in a Google Earth reconstruction, prepared by Dr Philip Brohan of the UK Met Office. View the weather conditions of the First Fleet voyage, as animated in Google Earth (Google Earth .kmz file) If you do not have Google Earth, download it here.

My grandfather died fighting for Hitler. What should we make of his legacy? - RN As a kid, I knew my grandad had fought in World War II. There were reminders of him around the house: the old wristwatch, the strange old, scratchy, grey wool blanket that he supposedly sent back from the war. But it wasn't until Anzac Day at primary school that I realised he hadn't fought on the same side of the war as other Australian grandads. He was Joachim — to us, Achim — a German who died fighting for Hitler's Wehrmacht, the German army, on the Eastern Front in January 1945. Over 50 years later, my two brothers and Dad retraced Achim's last footsteps on a train that wound its way through south-west Poland. Outside it was -30 degrees, one of Europe's coldest winters since January 1945. Inside the train carriage Dad was asleep, slumped against the window pane, but my brothers were awake laughing and drinking. Reaching inside his bag for snacks, my brother accidentally pulled out Achim's last letter and staring out at a landscape obliterated by ice and snow read: 12.1.45Dicke Luft!

Home | AC History Units Ten Pound Poms: Immigration Museum Skip to main content Calling all Ten Pound Poms, Nest Eggs and British migrants! 10 September, 2016 English immigrants relaxing in a deck chair on MV 'Australasia', 1965Image: Rebecca JonesSource: Museum Victoria Here at the Immigration Museum in Melbourne we are busy making a new exhibition about the stories and impacts of British migration to Australia from 1947 – 1981. To understand more about the huge range of personal experiences, we are looking for people who have a direct or indirect family connection to post-war British migration. Please follow this link to share your experience with the Museum. Question: What was the “Ten Pound Pom” scheme? Answer: The “Ten Pound Pom” scheme is the colloquial name for an assisted migration scheme that operated in Australia after World War II. Adult migrants were charged ₤10 for their fare and children travelled for free. “Ten Pound Poms” needed to be in sound health and under the age of 45 years. Subscribe via RSS Comments (588) sort by newest oldest 1.

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