Union européenne Cette page contient des caractères spéciaux ou non latins. Si certains caractères de cet article s’affichent mal (carrés vides, points d’interrogation…), consultez la page d’aide Unicode. Institutions Le 12 octobre 2012, le prix Nobel de la paix est attribué à l'Union européenne pour « sa contribution à la promotion de la paix, la réconciliation, la démocratie et les droits de l'Homme en Europe ». Histoire La CECA : l'« Europe des six ». Prémices de l'idée européenne (1945-1951) Dans le même temps, le principe d'une « Europe unie » est posé, en particulier sous l'impulsion de la France et de l'Allemagne de l'Ouest, même si le discours du Britannique Winston Churchill à Zurich le 19 septembre 1946 a été déterminant ainsi que le rôle des pays du Benelux et de l'Italie. « L'Europe ne se fera pas d'un coup, ni dans une construction d'ensemble. — Robert Schuman, déclaration du 9 mai 1950. Échec de la CED et de l'UEO (1952-1954) Établissement de la CEE (1957-1986) Tableau synoptique Statut
China-Australia Free Trade Agreement: Pros and cons Updated 21 Oct 2015, 12:33amWed 21 Oct 2015, 12:33am There are pros and cons of the Federal Government's free trade deal with China. We look at the potential benefits, which groups have missed out, and areas in which some analysts and fair trade campaigners say Australia will be worse off. Potential benefits for Australia: Potential negatives for Australia: Topics: trade, agribusiness, international-aid-and-trade, business-economics-and-finance, australia, china
Sales Prices of Residential Buildings in 70 Medium and Large-sized Cities in April 2013 I. The Sales Prices of Newly Constructed Residential Buildings (excluding affordable housing) Comparing with the previous month, among 70 medium and large-sized cities, the sales prices of newly constructed residential buildings declined in 2 cities while that of 1 city remained at the same level. Comparing with the same month of last year, the sales prices of newly constructed residential buildings decreased in 2 cities. II. Comparing with the previous month, the sales prices of second-hand residential buildings decreased in 1 city while that of 3 cities remained at the same level. Comparing with the same month of last year, the sales prices of second-hand residential buildings decreased in 6 cities. Sales Price Indices of Residential Buildings in 70 Large and Medium-Sized Cities (2013.04) Price Indices of Newly Constructed Residential Buildings by Floor Space in 70 Large and Medium-Sized Cities (2013.04) Annotations: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. “-” in table denotes no deal record this month.
Harvard Business Review Sign in with your Google Account Find my account Forgot password? Sign in with a different account Create account One Google Account for everything Google List of countries by GDP (nominal) This article includes a list of countries in the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. The GDP dollar estimates presented here are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. Several economies which are not considered to be countries (world, the EU, and some dependent territories) are included in the lists because they appear in the sources. The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Some countries/regions may have citizens which are on average wealthy. The first list includes data compiled by the United Nations Statistics Division for 2012. (Click on one of the small triangles in the headings to re-order the list according to that category.)
China country profile China is the world's most populous country. It has a continuous culture stretching back nearly 4,000 years and originated many of the foundations of the modern world. The People's Republic of China was founded in 1949 after the Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang, who retreated to Taiwan, creating two rival Chinese states - the People's Republic on the mainland and the Republic of China based on Taiwan. After stagnating for decades under the rigid totalitarian socialism of founder Mao Zedong, China reformed its economy along partly capitalist lines to make it one of the world's fastest-growing, as well its leading exporter. China is now a major overseas investor, and is pursuing an increasingly assertive foreign and defence policy. But economic change has not been matched by political reform, and the Communist Party retains a tight grip on political life and much of wider society. See more country profiles - Profiles compiled by BBC Monitoring Getty Images Image copyright AFP
IKEA with Chinese Characteristics | China Business Review The Swedish furniture retail giant is bringing its unique style—and sales model—to China by Paula M. Miller For a truly global experience, try stepping off the streets of Shanghai into one of IKEA’s largest outlets. Though the first item you see may have been made in China, it was more likely made in Vietnam, or if it is a piece of furniture, in Europe. IKEA Group, a franchisee of Inter IKEA Systems BV, entered China in 1998 when it opened its first store in Shanghai. A new, redesigned Shanghai store opened in 2003, replacing the original outlet. IKEA opened its first Beijing store in early 1999. Important to this physical expansion, of course, is revenue expansion. In fiscal year 2003, PRC factories produced nearly a quarter of IKEA’s goods; the company aims to produce more than a third of its goods locally in the next four years. Who shops at IKEA? Adapting products and services IKEA offers the same product range in all countries–8,000 to 10,000 products depending on the store’s size.
Worldometers The World Factbook ShowIntroduction :: CHINA Panel - Collapsed For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communist Party of China under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically but political controls remain tight. Population Pyramid A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development.
Owner-occupier An owner-occupier (also known as an owner-occupant or home owner ) is a person who lives in and owns the same home . It is a type of housing tenure . The home of the owner-occupier may be, for example, a house , apartment , condominium , or a housing cooperative . The immovable property of the owner, which includes the home and the land upon which it sits, is known as the real estate . Acquisition [ edit ] Some homes are constructed by the owners with the intent to occupy. A house is usually the most expensive single purchase an individual or family makes, and often costs several times the annual household income. Government assistance [ edit ] In several government-run home sale programs, such as those run by the U.S. Pros and cons [ edit ] Home ownership gives occupants the right to modify the building and land as they please (subject to government, homeowner association , and deed restrictions), protects them from eviction, and creates a right to occupation which can be inherited.