Sonja Lyubomirsky Sonja Lyubomirsky is a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Riverside and author of The How of Happiness, a book of strategies backed by scientific research that can be used to increase happiness. She is often quoted in news articles about positive psychology and happiness. In the book The Only Self-Help Book You'll Ever Need, a criticism of self-help books, Lyubomirsky's The How of Happiness is praised as a self-help book that has claims backed by empirical data. Lyubomirsky is also an associate editor of the Journal of Positive Psychology. The How of Happiness Breakdown of sources of happiness, according to The How of Happiness The How of Happiness has spawned an iPhone application called Live Happy, produced by Signal Patterns. The How of Happiness has also spawned a song called The How of Happiness Book Tune, which acts as a mnemonic aid to help readers remember the content within the book.  References See also
Ricky Gervais: Why I Don't Believe in a God Psychological Tests and Quizzes By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. All of our psychological quizzes below are free, and most are based upon scientific research. They are instantly and automatically scored once completed, giving you immediate results. If you want to save your test results after taking them, you must be a registered member of Psych Central; registration is always free. Want to learn more about psychological testing in general, or how we develop our quizzes? Disorders & Symptoms Adult ADD Screening Test For helping to determine whether you have symptoms commonly associated with adult attention deficit disorder (ADHD/ADD). QUICK Adult ADHD Screening Test For helping to determine whether you have symptoms commonly associated with adult attention deficit disorder (ADHD/ADD). Cork ADHD Quiz Our newest screening test for attention deficit disorder (ADHD/ADD). Autism / Asperger's Test Our longer, 50-question screening test helping to determine whether you have symptoms commonly associated with an autism spectrum disorder
馬丁·布伯- 台灣Wiki 關係本體論述 本體論的研究一向是西方哲學的核心，從古代哲學的宇宙本體論，到中世紀的神性本體論，直到近代的理性本體論。本體論研究逃不脫實體概念的制約。也就是說，無論怎樣變化，一種獨立不依的實體存在始終是本體論的根本。 那麼究竟什麼是「關係」呢？ 「我―它」的關係在布伯看來只是一種經驗和利用的關係。 與「我―它」關係相反，布伯強調「我―你」是一種真正的關係。 在這種「關係」的世界觀下，西方近代哲學縈繞於懷的種種問題也就釋然而解了。 在這個世界中，「我」面對的世界，決然不是一個「它」的世界，我視世界為「你」。 與「直接性」一樣，「相互性」是本源性關係的另一基本特徵。 在強調了「直接性」和「相互性」之後，我們能比較確鑿地來把握布伯所謂的「關係」。 「之間」是與以往近代哲學中主體性領域相區別的標誌，因為「之間」不可能在「我」之中發現，不可能在意向性中發現，不可能在主體的內在性中發現，也不可能在我理解的世界的對象性中發現。 這樣，我與你雖結合在一起，但不會變成一個事物。 如果從動態來看這種關係，就是「相遇」。 通過「直接性」「相互性」「之間」「相遇」等概念，布伯為我們描繪了一個本源性的關係世界。 我們把「我―你」的關係稱為布伯的「關係本體論」。 在不同的本體論關照下，世界呈現出不同的面目，布伯深諳這一點。 流俗的世界觀即「我―它」關係所表示的，而「我―你」揭示的則是本真的世界。 要注意，這樣的論述並不是說態度先於關係，什麼樣的態度決定採取什麼樣的關係。 世界面目全新在何處？ 通過語言，我們可以進一步來理解「我―你」關係。 從另一個角度來看，世界之呈現為雙重，言說也必然是雙重的。 其二是關於時間問題的理解。 那麼，在布伯的「關係本體論」下的「現時」，究竟作何解釋呢？ 而「過去」這一概念是解釋「言及…」的東西的，它屬於「我－它」關係。 其三是關於世界整體的理解。 布伯是這樣回答的：「我們經驗到『你』什麼？ 這也就是說，在「我―它」關係下，日常的認知關係中，我把世界理解為對象，但「你」之世界絕不是一個對象世界。 從經驗的角度看，「你」之世界，乃是無。 其四，對世界的關注，最終是對人自身的自由和命運的關注。 布伯認為自由的本質是皈依，對上帝的皈依，可以使人以沉靜的力量改造世界,扭轉乾坤。 我們看到在「關係本體論」的視野中，世界呈現出有別於日常經驗的樣態。 皈依「永恆之你」 皈依「永恆之你」就要拋棄這世界，歷史上的虔誠者曾如是說。
To predict what will make you happy, ask a stranger rather than guessing yourself | Not Exactly Rocket Science Want to know how much you’d enjoy an experience? You’re better off asking someone who has been through it, even if they’re a complete stranger, than to find out information for yourself. This advice comes from Daniel Gilbert from Harvard University, who espoused it in his superb book Stumbling on Happiness. In the first study, he found that female students were better able to predict how much they would enjoy a speed-date if they listened to the experiences of strangers than if they make their own assessments based on available information. This interesting result masks a second one of equal importance – people don’t believe that this works. Time and again, psychological studies have found that we overestimate how happy we will be after winning a prize, starting a new relationship or taking revenge against those who have wronged us. Gilbert says that the main reason for this is an inability to accurately imagine future events. Photo by Laughlin, found on Flickr
Carl Jung’s 5 Key Elements To Happiness I love reading Carl Jung, especially his book Memories, Dreams, Reflections. His work is very challenging, however, so to get a Jung fix, I read a bunch of interviews that he gave, which were printed in the collection, C.G. Jung Speaking. In 1960, journalist Gordon Young asked Jung, “What do you consider to be more or less basic factors making for happiness in the human mind?” 1. Jung, always mindful of paradox, added, “All factors which are generally assumed to make for happiness can, under certain circumstances, produce the contrary. I did disagree with Jung on one point. For me, at least, the more mindful I am about happiness, the happier I become. What do you think of Jung’s list? * Count down to March 1! Gretchen Rubin is the author of the #1 New York Times Bestseller, The Happiness Project—an account of the year she spent test-driving the wisdom of the ages, current scientific studies, and lessons from popular culture about how to be happier.
Great Ideas in Personality--Theory and Research First Date Conversation: 5 Things Research Says You Should Talk About First date conversation can be awkward. What do you talk about? How can you come across well? Science has answers. 1) Talk Travel, Not Movies In a study by Richard Wiseman, less than 9% of couples that talked movies wanted a second date vs 18% of couples that talked about travel. Via Quirkology: How We Discover the Big Truths in Small Things. When talking about movies, less than 9 percent of the pairs wanted to meet up again, compared to 18 percent when participants spoke about the top topic—travel… the conversations about travel tended to revolve around great holidays and dream destinations, and that makes people feel good and so appear more attractive to one another. 2) It’s Not Just What You Talk About, It’s How You Talk Add to what they say and bounce the ball back. This is how to have smooth first date conversation. Avoid extremes in autonomy. Via Brain Trust: 93 Top Scientists Reveal Lab-Tested Secrets to Surfing, Dating, Dieting, Gambling, Growing Man-Eating Plants, and More! Via OkCupid:
Un optimisme qui nous sauvera ! L'optimisme semble s'installer à tous niveaux de la société, excepté au sommet, tentant de combattre un pessimisme de rigueur. La Grèce en faillite, la note de l’Italie abaissée, les bourses mondiales qui jouent au Yoyo, le plan Fillon, etc… pas étonnant que le dernier baromètre BVA-BFM-Challenges-Avanquest, publié en ce début de mois, enregistre un pessimisme record depuis la crise de 2008. Ainsi, en ces temps où « morosité » devient le maitre mot et fait la une de tous les médias, juste derrière celui de « rigueur », une tendance semble paradoxalement émerger. Il s’agit de l’optimisme. L’optimisme, et plus exactement, l’optimiste, jouit malheureusement d’une perception négative. L’optimisme de but définit alors une attitude dictée par la conviction du succès, que quoi qu’il arrive la réussite sera au rendez-vous. Sans tomber dans l’excès, l’optimisme a cependant déjà fait ses preuves, comme le raconte Philippe Gabilliet.
How The Happiest People In The World Spend Their Money Increasingly, the stories people tell me about their work and life choices break the conventional mold: A twentysomething entrepreneur starts a business while holding down another job and living on friend’s couch. He’s trading financial insecurity today for work he feels passionate about and a distant promise of a future payoff. A fortysomething father of two with a stay-at-home wife walks away from a lucrative legal career without knowing what his next step will be because he can’t tolerate the stress and relentless hours any longer. A single mother of three gets laid off and decides to start a not-for-profit instead of finding another job in advertising. Their unique journeys not only challenge the traditional wisdom about the path we “should” follow with our work and careers, but they also challenge the standard rules about money. Work, life, and money are intertwined intimately, and yet they’re rarely addressed together. Be more mindful about what your money could buy.
Tests Take one of our free personality tests, many of which are based on peer-reviewed scientific research, and all of which are crafted by experts in psychometrics. Community Test Based on the scientific work of Matt Motyl, Ph.D., J.P. Prims, Ph.D., and Ravi Iyer, Ph.D., this test aims to guess your political leanings based on your taste in neighborhoods. EQ Test #1 This Emotional Intelligence test measures your ability to recognize and process emotions constructively. It uses a personality-based approach and four scales. ADHD Test Based on the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, this scientifically-validated test screens for signs and symptoms of ADHD. Eating Test Based on the scientific work of psychologists Fairburn, Cooper, and O’Connor, this scientifically validated test screens for signs and symptoms of eating disorders. SatC Test This test will determine which of the characters from Sex and the City you resemble the most, using a mix of different personality models.
This Is Why ‘Follow Your Passion’ Is Terrible Advice There are volumes of writing to be found online and in self-help circles that advises folks who are stuck to “follow your bliss,” or “do what you’re passionate about.” This advice probably comes from a good place—a desire for people to feel a sense of permission or encouragement to go after things that will bring fulfillment to their lives. But the passion mantra is actually not so helpful for two reasons. First, it’s very unclear how to actually do it. These instructions are essential pieces, but far from the complete puzzle—it’s like being told that if you want to become a movie star, you should move to Hollywood (and believe in yourself!). Can you earn a living doing it? Would it still be your passion if you had to do it every day to make money? Is the thing you’re passionate about related to a skill that you have, that you want to develop, and that’s needed in the market? The point here is not that you need to have firm answers to all of these questions before you even get started.
Shawn Achor Shawn Achor is the winner of over a dozen distinguished teaching awards at Harvard University, where he delivered lectures on positive psychology in the most popular class at Harvard. Shawn has become one of the world’s leading experts on the connection between happiness and success. His research on happiness made the cover ofHarvard Business Review, his TED talk is one of the most popular all time with over 4 million views, and his lecture airing on PBS has been seen by millions. Shawn teaches for the Advanced Management Program at Wharton Business School, and collaborates on research with Yale and Columbia University. In 2007, Shawn founded GoodThink, Inc. Shawn advises several projects related to spreading happiness, including BetterUP, an online training community where members are coached by experts to realize their full potential at work. Shawn graduated magna cum laude from Harvard and earned a Masters degree from Harvard Divinity School in Christian and Buddhist ethics.