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Historian Says Don't 'Sanitize' How Our Government Created Ghettos

Historian Says Don't 'Sanitize' How Our Government Created Ghettos
A helicopter flies over a section of Baltimore affected by riots. Richard Rothstein writes that the recent unrest in Baltimore is the legacy of a century of federal, state, and local policies designed to "quarantine Baltimore's black population in isolated slums." Patrick Smith/Getty Images hide caption itoggle caption Patrick Smith/Getty Images A helicopter flies over a section of Baltimore affected by riots. Patrick Smith/Getty Images Fifty years after the repeal of Jim Crow, many African-Americans still live in segregated ghettos in the country's metropolitan areas. "We have a myth today that the ghettos in metropolitan areas around the country are what the Supreme Court calls 'de-facto' — just the accident of the fact that people have not enough income to move into middle class neighborhoods, or because real estate agents steered black and white families to different neighborhoods or because there was white flight," Rothstein tells Fresh Air's Terry Gross. Interview Highlights Related:  HistoryUSAHISTORICAL WEBSITES

The Case for Reparations And if thy brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee. And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him. And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing today. — Deuteronomy 15: 12–15 — John Locke, “Second Treatise” By our unpaid labor and suffering, we have earned the right to the soil, many times over and over, and now we are determined to have it. — Anonymous, 1861 I. Clyde Ross was born in 1923, the seventh of 13 children, near Clarksdale, Mississippi, the home of the blues. In the 1920s, Jim Crow Mississippi was, in all facets of society, a kleptocracy. This was hardly unusual.

9 Things You Should Know About Martin Luther King, Jr. - The Gospel Coalition Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is a United States federal holiday marking the birthday of Rev. Dr. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Others doctrines such as a supernatural plan of salvation, the Trinity, the substitutionary theory of the atonement, and the second coming of Christ are all quite prominent in fundamentalist thinking. 7. 8. 9. Other posts in this series: 9 Things You Should Know About Poverty in America 9 Things You Should Know About Christmas 9 Things You Should Know About The Hobbit 9 Things You Should Know About the Council of Trent 9 Things You Should Know About C.S. 9 Things You Should Know About Orphans 9 Things You Should Know about Halloween and Reformation Day 9 Things You Should Know About Down Syndrome 9 Things You Should Know About World Hunger 9 Things You Should Know about Casinos and Gambling 9 Things You Should Know About Prison Rape 9 Things You Should Know About the 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing 9 Things You Should Know About the 9/11 Attack Aftermath

How Hillary Clinton's State Department sold fracking to the world | Environment One icy morning in February 2012, Hillary Clinton’s plane touched down in the Bulgarian capital, Sofia, which was just digging out from a fierce blizzard. Wrapped in a thick coat, the secretary of state descended the stairs to the snow-covered tarmac, where she and her aides piled into a motorcade bound for the presidential palace. That afternoon, they huddled with Bulgarian leaders, including prime minister Boyko Borissov, discussing everything from Syria’s bloody civil war to their joint search for loose nukes. But the focus of the talks was fracking. The previous year, Bulgaria had signed a five-year, $68m deal, granting US oil giant Chevron millions of acres in shale gas concessions. Clinton urged Bulgarian officials to give fracking another chance. The episode sheds light on a crucial but little-known dimension of Clinton’s diplomatic legacy. Geologists have long known that there were huge quantities of natural gas locked in shale rock.

Racism in real estate: Landlords, redlining, housing values, and discrimination. Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images In 1934, Homer Hoyt wrote a dissertation—“One Hundred Years of Land Values in Chicago: The Relationship of the Growth of Chicago to the Rise of Its Land Values, 1830–1933”—that ranked various races and nationalities by order of “desirability.” Most desired were the old American stock of Anglo-Saxons and Northern Europeans—English, Germans, Scots, Irish, and Scandinavians—followed by Northern Italians, Czechoslovakians, Polish, Lithuanians, Greeks, “Russian Jews of the lower class,” South Italians, and at the bottom of the list, “Negroes and Mexicans.” Jamelle Bouie is a Slate staff writer covering politics, policy, and race. For whites, there was some flexibility. On Tuesday, New York magazine shined light on “the grim, racist methods of one Brooklyn landlord,” a developer who does most of his business in gentrifying neighborhoods like Bushwick, Bedford-Stuyvesant, and Crown Heights. This is obviously racist, but it’s also unsurprising.

Senate Confirms Loretta Lynch For Attorney General Attorney general nominee Loretta Lynch testifies on Capitol Hill in January. Lynch was confirmed by the Senate on Thursday after months of delay and partisan bickering. Jacquelyn Martin/AP hide caption itoggle caption Jacquelyn Martin/AP Senate lawmakers have confirmed Loretta Lynch for the post of attorney general after a five-month delay, voting largely along party lines, with Democrats in the chamber joined by 10 Republicans supporting her nomination. A simple majority is all that was required to confirm Lynch and the 56-43 vote means she will replace Eric Holder in the top post at the Justice Department. In an unexpected twist, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, who had kept her nomination from a vote for so many weeks, voted with the majority. In February, the Senate Judiciary Committee sent her nomination to the full Senate, but Republican leaders delayed the vote for a variety of reasons. Update at 3:20 p.m.

Epistemic injustice in the academy: an analysis of the Saida Grundy witch-hunt Guest blogger Arianne Shahvisi is an assistant professor of philosophy at the American University of Beirut, and has recently written commentary for the New Statesman, Jacobin, Open Democracy, and Truthout, centered on issues surrounding race, class, gender, and borders. Last month, Saida Grundy, an incoming sociology faculty member at Boston University, tweeted a set of remarks and rhetorical questions regarding white supremacy, slavery, and misogyny in the US. In other words, a trained sociologist of race made some observations centered on race that were perfunctory and impassioned (as tweets invariably are), but nonetheless cogent. And that really should have been the end of that. Instead, her comments were met with a barrage of hate from ostensibly offended right-wing campus groups, and a subsequent outpouring of solidarity from Twitter users citing #IstandwithSaida. Boston University, where Martin Luther King studied for his PhD, has a race problem. Like this: Like Loading...

How America Double-Crossed Russia and Shamed the West The conditionality of the Soviet Union’s agreement to allow East Germany to be taken by West Germany and for the Cold War to end, was that NATO would not expand «one inch to the east». This was the agreement that was approved by the Russian President of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, a great man and a subsequent hero to democrats around the world. He agreed then to end the Soviet Union and abandon communism and thus to end the entire Cold War; he agreed to this because he had been promised that NATO would expand not «one inch to the east,» or «one inch eastward,» depending upon how the promise was translated and understood — but it has the same meaning, no matter how it was translated. He trusted American President George Herbert Walker Bush, whose friend and Secretary of State James Baker made this promise to Gorbachev. He was even promised by the United States that «we were going to make them a member [of NATO], we were –observer first and then a member». «Mr.

Here’s how much corporations paid US senators to fast-track the TPP bill | Business A decade in the making, the controversial Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is reaching its climax and as Congress hotly debates the biggest trade deal in a generation, its backers have turned on the cash spigot in the hopes of getting it passed. “We’re very much in the endgame,” US trade representative Michael Froman told reporters over the weekend at a meeting of the 21-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum on the resort island of Boracay. His comments came days after TPP passed another crucial vote in the Senate. That vote, to give Barack Obama the authority to speed the bill through Congress, comes as the president’s own supporters, senior economists and a host of activists have lobbied against a pact they argue will favor big business but harm US jobs, fail to secure better conditions for workers overseas and undermine free speech online. Those critics are unlikely to be silenced by an analysis of the sudden flood of money it took to push the pact over its latest hurdle.

untitled Flag's removal doesn't erase racism, provide justice He knows well the pain that helped prompt the flag's removal; after all, his spiritual home is the historic "Mother Emanuel" AME Church, where nine people were gunned down by a white racist last month. Their deaths and the gunman's glorification of the flag finally spurred its demise after decades of contentious debate. But ask him how significant this moment is, and he doesn't mince words. "It's great symbolically, but it shouldn't have been there in the first place," he says. "It doesn't mean a damn thing, really." It's a ceremony to make politicians feel good, he says. "The problem in America is we fail to educate our children, all of them, white and black," he says. Around him, visitors flock to the memorial that's grown outside the church. A woman stands before the memorial, her closed eyes not stopping the tears that fall. "When it happened, it sounded like an impossible thing, a recounting of something out of a horror story," she says.

JavaScript reference This part of the JavaScript section on MDN serves as a repository of facts about the JavaScript language. Read more about this reference. Global objects This chapter documents all the JavaScript standard built-in objects, along with their methods and properties. Statements This chapter documents all the JavaScript statements and declarations. For an alphabetical listing see the sidebar on the left. Control flow Block A block statement is used to group zero or more statements. break Terminates the current loop, switch, or label statement and transfers program control to the statement following the terminated statement. continue Terminates execution of the statements in the current iteration of the current or labeled loop, and continues execution of the loop with the next iteration. Empty An empty statement is used to provide no statement, although the JavaScript syntax would expect one. if...else Executes a statement if a specified condition is true. switch throw Throws a user-defined exception. var let in

Embracing Death, Celebrating Life: Reflections on the Concept of Martyrdom in the Order of the Knights Templar - Detail of a miniature of the burning of the Grand Master of the Templars and another Templar. From the Chroniques de France ou de St Denis, BL Royal MS 20 C vii f. 48r Embracing Death, Celebrating Life: Reflections on the Concept of Martyrdom in the Order of the Knights Templar Joachim Rother (Bamburg) The 1991 Ordines Militares colloquium in Toruń (Poland) was dedicated to the topic of spirituality in the military orders,1 but even 20 years later Kaspar Elm’s statement from that colloquium’s published proceedings still rings true: “The results of research conducted on the military orders in this field have been very limited thus far.” Although research on the concept of martyrdom during the era of the Crusades has gained considerable prominence, it has rarely been applied to the Knights Templar. Click here to read Joachim Rother’s: Embracing Death, Celebrating Life: Reflections on the Concept of a Martyrdom in the Order of the Knight’s Templar.

Bernie Sanders Exposes 18 CEOs who took Trillions in Bailouts, Evaded Taxes and Outsourced Jobs Sen. Bernie Sanders fired back at 80 CEOs who wrote a letter lecturing America about deficit reduction by released a report detailing how 18 of these CEOs have wrecked the economy by evading taxes and outsourcing jobs. 80 CEO’s raised the ire of Sen. Sanders by publishing a letter in the Wall Street Journal urging America to act on the deficit, and reform Medicare and Medicaid. Sen. Sanders said, There really is no shame. Here are the 18 CEO’s Sanders labeled job destroyers in his report. 1). 1. Amount of federal income taxes Bank of America would have owed if offshore tax havens were eliminated? 2). 3). 4). 5). 6). 7). 8). 9). 10). 11). 12). 13). 14). 15). 16). 17). 18). Eighteen of the 80 CEOs who signed the call for deficit action are actually some of the biggest outsourcers and tax cheats in America. We can tell these gluttons of our dollars that the all you can eat taxpayer buffet is now closed. Original article on PoliticusUSA

Chattanooga shooting: 4 Marine killed in Tennessee Mohammad Youssuf Abdulazeez was carrying 30-round magazines when he opened fire, according to a source briefed by law enforcement. Abdulazeez kept police at bay for some time with the amount of ammunition he had, according to the source. The shooting suspect was armed with an AK-47 style weapon‎ at the time of the attack according to two law enforcement officials briefed on the investigation. [Previous story, posted at 10:30 p.m. (CNN) -- Who was the gunman accused of killing four Marines in a shooting rampage Thursday at two military centers in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and why did he open fire? Suspected shooter Mohammad Youssuf Abdulazeez, 24, is dead, the FBI said. Witnesses saw Abdulazeez spray a hail of bullets at the glass doors of a military recruiting center in a strip mall. Now, with the FBI in the lead, a terrorism task force is investigating, a law enforcement source said. A key detail will help them make that determination: finding out the suspect's motive. Who was the suspect?