Anne Frank’s Diary Published Otto Frank, the only member of his family to survive the Holocaust, returned home from the Auschwitz concentration camp after it was liberated by Russian troops in early January 1945. He soon found the diary of his younger daughter, Anne. Written in Dutch while her family was in hiding from the Gestapo, Anne Frank’s diary tells the story of a young woman’s internal struggle to understand and cope with Nazi occupation and anti-Semitism. Otto recalled in the 1960s how he felt reading the diary for the first time: “For me, it was a revelation. There, was revealed a completely different Anne to the child that I had lost. He began typing the diary into German and sharing it with family and close friends, who convinced him to share it with the world. Known to American readers as “Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl,” it has since been published in more than 60 languages and has become one of the most influential—and widely read—literary works in history.
Hédi Fried överlevde Auschwitz De visste inte vart de kommit. Efter tre dagar föstes Hédi Fried, hennes mamma, pappa och syster ut ur den överfyllda godsvagnen. Framför dem stod den ökände nazisten Josef Mengele. Innan tågfärden började hade de fått höra att de skulle till det inre av Ungern. Men det var inte där som tåget stannat. Utan i Auschwitz - det största av nazisternas utrotningsläger. Över 1 miljon människor mördades i Auschwitz, de allra flesta judar. Hédi Fried, i dag 90 år, är en överlevande som kan berätta om fasorna. – Det var som att leva i en grå bubbla. Hédi Fried, eller Hédi Szmuk som hon hette som ogift, var 19 år när hon och hennes familj deporterades till Auschwitz. Hon hade haft en lycklig barndom och vanlig uppväxt i en judisk medelklassfamilj i staden Sighet i Transsylvanien i norra Rumänien. – Egentligen började förändringarna 1940, när ungrarna annekterade Transsylvanien. – Men den 19 mars 1944 kom tyskarna till Ungern och därmed till Sighet. – Han stod där med sin piska.
Fakta om Förintelsen - Film Filmen består av 10 avsnitt som belyser olika delar av Förintelsen. I filmen ställs frågan: Hur kunde det ske? Filmen redogör för nazisternas strävan att identifiera Europas judar, frånta dem deras mänskliga rättigheter, samla dem i ghetton och koncentrationsläger från vilka de senare deporterades till förintelseläger. Filmen tar även upp den antisemitiska propagandan och situationen i Europa under mellankrigstiden. Avslutningsvis skildras fredsslutet och befrielsen av koncentrationslägren och förintelselägren.Filmen kan användas från årskurs 7 och har svensk speaker. Fakta om Förintelsen har producerats av Nucleus Productions Ltd. i samarbete med The Holocaust Education Trust och The Spiro Institute for the Study of Jewish Histrory and Culture. En film av Rex Bloomstein och Robert Wistrich. Du kan även se alla avsnitt i vårt filmrum.
5 Things You Don't Know About Anne Frank and Her Diary 1. Pseudonyms When Anne Frank readied her diary for eventual publication, she created pseudonyms for the people she wrote about in her diary. Even though Anne had chosen pseudonyms for everyone hiding in the Annexe, when it came time to publish the diary after the war, Otto Frank decided to keep the pseudonyms for the other four people in the Annexe but to use the real names of his own family. In case you are curious, Anne chose the pseudonyms Betty Robin for Margot Frank, Frederik Robin for Otto Frank, and Nora Robin for Edith Frank. 2. In nearly every published version of Anne Frank's diary, each diary entry begins with "Dear Kitty." In Anne's first, red-and-white-checkered notebook, Anne sometimes wrote to other names such as "Pop," "Phien," "Emmy," "Marianne," "Jetty," "Loutje," "Conny," and "Jackie." It is believed that Anne took these names from characters found in a series of popular Dutch books written by Cissy van Marxveldt which featured a strong-willed heroine, Joop ter Heul.
Holocaust Memorial Day: remembering horror of Auschwitz 70 years on The site was also the death place for many people who did not fit into the Nazis' view of their world. Poles, lesbians, homosexuals and the disabled were amongst those also killed here. Over one and a half million people were killed at Auschwitz, including women and children The infamous sign, made by a prisoner, was erected by the Nazis after the Auschwitz barracks were converted into a labour camp to house Polish resistance fighters in 1940. camp Watch: Drone footage shows scale of Auschwitz The Heroine and the Holocaust - Teachers - History's HEROES from E2BN This teaching idea is designed for use at KS 3 history. Why use this unit? Often, a good way into a topic is via one small section of it. This teaching idea provides just such an opportunity. In a terrible war, Poland's experience of World War 2 was uniquely terrible - a quarter of its population perished. Taking a closer look at Poland is instructive in itself, and also provides a jumping-off point for a broader study of the war years. What does this unit do? Irena Sendlerowa's story is one of great humanity and courage; however, it also shines a bright light on a dark period of history. The following questions and activities will encourage pupils to think about what she did whilst, at the same time, learning more about the bigger historical picture. E2B® and E2BN® are registered trade marks and trading names of East of England Broadband Network (Company Registration No. 04649057)Terms and Conditions
Anne Frank Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Frank. Synopsis Born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne Frank lived in Amsterdam with her family during World War II. Fleeing Nazi persecution of Jews, the family went into hiding for two years; during this time, Frank wrote about her experiences and wishes. She was 15 when the family was found and sent to the camps, where she died. Her work, The Diary of Anne Frank, has gone on to be read by millions. Early Life Holocaust victim and famous diarist Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German-Jewish family living in a quiet, religiously diverse neighborhood near the outskirts of Frankfurt. Due in large part to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, the German economy struggled terribly in the 1920s.
Anne Frank Who Was Anne Frank? During the two years and one month Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary. Anne Frank's diary, which was published by her father after the war and has been read by millions of people around the world, chronicles both the tensions and difficulties of living in such a confined space for that long a duration as well as Anne's struggles with becoming a teenager. Since the publication of her diary, Anne Frank has become a symbol of the children that were murdered in the Holocaust. Dates: June 12, 1929 -- March 1945 Also Known As: Annelies Marie Frank The Move to Amsterdam Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany as the second child of Otto and Edith Frank. The Franks were a middle-class, liberal Jewish family whose ancestors had lived in Germany for centuries. The Franks quickly settled into life in Amsterdam. The Nazis Arrive in Amsterdam On May 10, 1940, Germany attacked the Netherlands. Going Into Hiding
War witness Anne Frank: Facts and Information | Primary Facts Here are some facts about Anne Frank, the famous young Jewish diarist who was tragically killed during the Holocaust. Anne was born on 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany.Her father was called Otto and her mother was called Edith. She had an older sister called Margot.Anne’s family were ‘liberal Jews’.
Holocaust | The Mass Murder of Jews in the Second World War Under Adolf Hitler the National Socialist German Worker’s Party became very powerful in Germany from 1933 to 1945. The Nazis, as they were called, wanted to get rid of people who they thought were not as good as they were. They especially hated Jews and thought they were evil . At the beginning they made life hard for the Jews in Germany and all over Europe. Later on, they decided to kill them. This mass killing was called the Holocaust. After 1939 about 6 million Jews were killed in the countries that Hitler controlled. Hating Jews and treating them badly is called anti-Semitism. In 1935 the Nazis passed a new law . On November 9th and 10th, 1938 the Nazis destroyed all Jewish synagogues and other public places the Jews went to. The Night of Broken Glass Soon thousands of Jews were arrested and locked up in special camps . The Nazis decided that they had to solve what they called “the Jewish problem” once and for all . Those who were lucky became slaves . Words
Miep Gies :: en Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State . Auschwitz 1940-1945 . The Killing Evolution Funeral of inmates who died or were killed just prior to liberation The Nazis did not start World War II with a plan to eliminate the Jews. This solution evolved—especially from 1939 to 1941—as they tried different techniques to accomplish their goals. Particularly in Germany and Poland camp commandants experimented with various killing methodologies and consulted with one another on their successes and failures. Death by Firing Squad In 1941, SS General Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski told his superior Heinrich Himmler that the Nazis had been murdering Jews, including women and children, at close range and in cold blood all summer. Einsatzgruppen killing Himmler realized he had to find new methods that would spare his troops the psychological strain of killing human beings at close range. Carbon Monoxide The birth of this method had varied sources, including one ironic twist. The first carbon monoxide experiments, done with cars Hell Vans A hell van (recreation) Zyklon B Canister labels, Zyklon B