Israel kieltää maahan pääsyn Israelin tai sen tuotteiden boikottia kannattavilta – ihmisoikeusjärjestöt arvostelevat Ihmisoikeusjärjestöt arvostelivat tiistaina Israelin uutta lakia, joka kieltää maahan pääsyn Israelin boikotoimista julkisesti kannattavilta ulkomaalaisilta. Israelin parlamentti hyväksyi kiistellyn lakiehdotuksen myöhään maanantai-iltana. Laki kieltää viisumien ja oleskelulupien myöntämisen ulkomaalaisille, jotka ovat julkisesti kannattaneet Israelin tai sen siirtokuntien boikotointia. Se koskee yksityishenkilöitä ja boikottiliikkeeseen kuuluvien ryhmien edustajia. Esimerkiksi niin sanottu BDS-kampanja (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions) vaatii Israelin boikotoimista ja talouspakotteiden asettamista palestiinalaisalueiden miehityksen vuoksi. ”Viime vuosina vaatimukset Israelin boikotoimisesta ovat vahvistuneet. Ei ole selvää, milloin uusi laki tulee voimaan. Useat kansalaisjärjestöt arvostelivat uutta lakia pyrkimykseksi vaientaa oikeutetut poliittiset mielipiteet. Yhdysvaltalainen Jewish Voice for Peace vertasi lakia jopa presidentti Donald Trumpin
The Balfour Declaration Influence on Formation of Israel Few documents in Middle Eastern history have had as consequential and controversial an influence as the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which has been at the center of the Arab-Israeli conflict over the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The Balfour Declaration The Balfour Declaration was a 67-word statement contained within a brief letter attributed to Lord Arthur Balfour, the British foreign secretary, dated November 2, 1917. Balfour addressed the letter to Lionel Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, a British banker, zoologist and Zionist activist who, along with Zionists Chaim Weizmann and Nahum Sokolow, helped draft the declaration much as lobbyists today draft bills for legislators to submit. The statement read as follows: It was 31 years after this letter, whether willed by the British government or not, that the state of Israel was founded in 1948. Liberal Britain’s Sympathy for Zionism Balfour was part of the liberal government of Prime Minister David Lloyd George.
Truck system A truck system is an arrangement in which employees are paid in commodities or some currency substitute (such as vouchers or token coins, called in some dialects scrip or chit) rather than with standard currency. This limits employees' ability to choose how to spend their earnings—generally to the benefit of the employer. As an example, company scrip might be usable only for the purchase of goods at a company-owned store, where prices are set artificially high. The practice has been widely criticized as exploitative because there is no competition to lower prices. Legislation to curtail it, part of the larger field of labour law and employment standards, exists in many countries (for example, the British Truck Acts). Terminology Britain While this system had long existed in many parts of the world, it became widespread in the 18th and 19th century Britain. In Britain the truck system was sometimes referred to as the Tommy system. See also References Notes Bibliography
A history of global living conditions in 5 charts - Our World In Data This is the introduction to Our World in Data – the web publication that shows how global living conditions are changing. This text was previously titled "A history of global living conditions in 5 charts". A recent survey asked “All things considered, do you think the world is getting better or worse, or neither getting better nor worse?”. In Sweden 10% thought things are getting better, in the US they were only 6%, and in Germany only 4%. What is the evidence that we need to consider when answering this question? I. To see where we are coming from we must go far back in time. 30 or even 50 years are not enough. Take a longer perspective and it becomes very clear that the world is not static at all. To avoid portraying the world in a static way – the North always much richer than the South – we have to start 200 years ago before the time when living conditions really changed dramatically. Researchers measure extreme poverty as living with less than 1.90$ per day. II. III. IV. V. VI.
A Synopsis of the Israel/Palestine Conflict The following is a very short synopsis of the history of this conflict. We recommend that you also read the much more detailed account, "The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict." For centuries there was no such conflict. In the 19th century the land of Palestine was inhabited by a multicultural population – approximately 86 percent Muslim, 10 percent Christian, and 4 percent Jewish – living in peace. Zionism In the late 1800s a group in Europe decided to colonize this land. At first, this immigration created no problems. UN Partition Plan Finally, in 1947 the United Nations decided to intervene. Under considerable Zionist pressure, the UN recommended giving away 55% of Palestine to a Jewish state – despite the fact that this group represented only about 30% of the total population, and owned under 7% of the land. 1947-1949 War 1967 War & USS Liberty In 1967, Israel conquered still more land. Current Conflict There are two primary issues at the core of this continuing conflict. U.S.
Rwandan Genocide The Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority. During the approximate 100-day period from April 7, 1994, to mid-July, an estimated 500,000–1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, constituting as much as 20% of the country's total population and 70% of the Tutsi then living in Rwanda. The genocide was planned by members of the core political elite known as the akazu, many of whom occupied positions at top levels of the national government. The genocide took place in the context of the Rwandan Civil War, an ongoing conflict beginning in 1990 between the Hutu-led government and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), which was largely composed of Tutsi refugees whose families had fled to Uganda following earlier waves of Hutu violence against the Tutsi. The genocide had a lasting and profound impact on Rwanda and its neighboring countries. §Background §Pre-colonial kingdoms and origins of Hutu, Tutsi and Twa
ROAR Magazine This article has been translated into Turkish by the comrades at Fraksiyon.org. The introduction to the new book The Next Revolution: Popular Assemblies and the Promise of Direct Democracy (Verso, 2015), explains how Murray Bookchin – born to Russian Jewish immigrants in New York City in 1921 – was introduced to radical politics at the age of nine when he joined the Young Pioneers, a Communist youth organization. This would be the start of his ‘life on the left’ in which he would turn from Stalinism to Trotskyism in the years running up to World War II before defining himself as an anarchist in the late 1950s and eventually identifying as a ‘communalist’ or ‘libertarian municipalist’ after the introduction of the idea of social ecology. The Next Revolution includes the 1992 essay The Ecological Crisis and the Need to Remake Society. The PKK was inspired by Marxist-Leninist thought and fought for an independent Kurdish state that would be founded upon socialist principles. Dual Power
West Bank - The World Factbook ShowIntroduction :: WEST BANK Panel - Collapsed From the early 16th century through 1917, the area now known as the West Bank fell under Ottoman rule. Following World War I, the Allied powers (France, UK, Russia) allocated the area to the British Mandate of Palestine. After World War II, the UN passed a resolution to establish two states within the Mandate, and designated a territory including what is now known as the West Bank as part of the proposed Arab state. Population Pyramid A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development.
Korematsu v. United States Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II regardless of citizenship. In a 6–3 decision, the Court sided with the government, ruling that the exclusion order was constitutional. Six of eight Roosevelt appointees sided with Roosevelt. The lone Republican appointee, Owen Roberts, dissented. The decision in Korematsu v. The Korematsu decision has not been explicitly overturned, although in 2011 the Department of Justice filed official notice, conceding that it was in error, thus erasing the case's value as precedent for interning citizens. §Introduction Japanese American Internment Center On May 19, 1942, during World War II, Japanese Americans were compelled to move into relocation camps by Civilian Restrictive Order No. 1, 8 Fed. §Decision §Felix Frankfurter's concurrence
aamulehti 1. ”Lännen imperialistit” ja ”rauhanomainen Neuvostoliitto” Kävin kouluni Suomessa, ja kouluvuosieni aikaan luokkien seinillä roikkui karttoja, joissa Suomen rajat olivat selvät, samoin Neuvostoliiton, mutta Viroa kartalla ei näkynyt. Kartalla näkymätöntä valtiota ei ole olemassa muille – johtui se kartalla olemattomuus mistä tahansa. Sellaisesta maasta on hankala kertoa ulkopuolisille, samoin sellaisen maan kansalaisten kokemista vääryyksistä tai uhista. Sellaisen maan olemassaoloa on hankala todistaa, sillä sitä ei voi todistaa kartalla, joka roikkuisi luokkahuoneessa, olisi painettu koulukirjaan tai sanomalehteen, eikä lipulla. Kartoista jää myös voimakas visuaalinen muistijälki, joka kantaa kauas. Läntisissä naapurimaissamme ja Neuvostoliitossa käytettiin samanlaisia karttoja: niitä, joissa ei näkynyt itsenäistä Viroa tai muita Baltian maita. Aamulehti vieraili Sofi Oksasen kanssa Tallinnassa vuonna 2012. Pasi Leino Sofi Oksanen Turun kirjamessuilla vuonna 2014. 2. Kemin Kuvaamo 3.
Middle East Conflict - Resources Middle East Conflict Web Sites Global Connections: Middle East Global Connections: Putting World Events in Context provides the background information needed to understand events occurring in the Middle East. The site includes original materials created in conjunction with the Centers for Middle Eastern Studies at Harvard and UCLA. The site also aggregates and contextualizes the rich resources available throughout public broadcasting, including material from Frontline, Online NewsHour, NOW with Bill Moyers, Morning Edition, Talk of the Nation, and many others. BBC News: Israel & the Palestinians The BBC provides plentiful helpful contextual and current information on the Middle East crisis. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Washington Post special report on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the Middle East. Middle East Web Gateway Middle East Web Gateway is produced by a non-government organization in Israel and offers much in the way of news and views on the Middle East. Whose Peace?