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During the twelfth century AD the Mexica were a small and obscure tribe searching for a new homeland. Eventually they settled in the Valley of Mexico and founded their capital, Tenochtitlan, in 1345. At the beginning of the sixteenth century it was one of the largest cities in the world. Warfare was extremely important for the Mexica people and led them to conquer most of modern-day central and southern Mexico. They controlled their huge empire through military strength, a long-distance trading network and the tribute which conquered peoples had to pay.
THE AZTEC EMPIRE Origins Empire expansionism Malinalco Tenayuca Pyramid Tenochtitlan Moctezuma Tepanec Empire Triple Alliance Archaeological Sites in Mexico City ARTICLES Anawalt, Patricia Rieff. The Emperors' Cloak: Aztec Pomp, Toltec Circumstances , American Antiquity , April 1990 Aveni, Anthony F. and Sharon L. Gibbs.
Article created on Sunday, February 19, 2012 A total of 23 pre-Columbian stone plaques dating back over 550 years were discovered by archaeologists in front of the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan in Mexico City, with carvings illustrating Aztec myths including the birth of the god of war Huitzilopochtli . The sculpted images are carved on slabs of tezontle (a volcanic rock) and feature depictions of serpents, captives and warriors. They also feature other figures relating to the mythological origins of Aztec civilization. The stone carvings focus on the myths of Huitzilopochtli’s birth and the beginning of the Holy War. Raul Barrera from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) said they had been “placed facing what was the centre of Huitzilopochtli worship and can be dated back to the fourth stage of the Great Temple’s construction (1440-1469)”.
Moctezuma's Feather Crown (Copilli Queztalli) Moctezuma's Feather Crown is now in a Museum in Austria. It consists of 400 quetzal-feathers and some gold (most of the gold was removed).
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Dale Hoyt Palfrey By the 13th century the entire region, then called the Valley of Anahuac, was occupied by assorted rival city-states. Among the last to arrive on the scene was the nomadic tribe of the Mexica (pronounced may-SHEE-ka), more commonly known as the Aztecs, who ended a long migration from their northern homeland, Aztlan, by settling in the Valley marshlands. The Aztecs considered themselves the chosen people of the sun and war god Huitzilopochtli. After coming upon an eagle perched on a cactus devouring a snake, a sign foretold in ancient tribal prophecy, the Aztecs founded Tenochtitlan, their capital, on an island in Lake Texcoco.
Large ceramic statue of an Aztec Eagle Warrior The Aztec /ˈæztɛk/ [ 1 ] people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico , particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries. The Nahuatl words aztecatl [as'tekat͡ɬ] (singular) [ 2 ] and aztecah [as'tekaʔ] ( plural ) [ 2 ] mean "people from Aztlan ", [ 3 ] a mythological place for the Nahuatl-speaking culture of the time, and later adopted as the word to define the Mexica people. Often the term "Aztec" refers exclusively to the Mexica people of Tenochtitlan (now the location of Mexico City ), situated on an island in Lake Texcoco , who referred to themselves as Mexica Tenochca [me'ʃika te'not͡ʃka] or Cōlhuah Mexica [koːlwaʔ me'ʃika] .
The Aztecs/Mexicas were the native American people who dominated northern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest led by Hernan CORTES in the early 16th century. According to their own legends, they originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico. At that time the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca) were a small, nomadic, Nahuatl-speaking aggregation of tribal peoples living on the margins of civilized Mesoamerica. Sometime in the 12th century they embarked on a period of wandering and in the 13th century settled in the central basin of México.
Who were the Aztecs? The Aztecs were a wandering (nomadic) tribe from northern Mexico and were one of the last great Native American civilizations. Where did they come from? They lived in an area will now know as Mexico What does the word Aztec mean? The word "Aztec" means "someone who comes from Aztlán", an unknown location north of Mexico.