Get flash to fully experience Pearltrees
This is a timeline of Ancient Greece from 800 BC to 146 BC. For earlier times, see Greek Dark Ages , Aegean civilizations and Mycenaean Greece . For later times see Roman Greece , Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Greece . For Modern Greece after 1820, see Timeline of modern Greek history . [ edit ] Archaic Greece Archaic Period (800 BC - 480 BC).
In Greek religion and mythology , Athena or Athene ( pron.: / ə ˈ θ iː n ə / or / ə ˈ θ iː n iː / ; Attic : Ἀθηνᾶ , Athēnā or Ἀθηναία , Athēnaia ; Epic : Ἀθηναίη , Athēnaiē ; Ionic : Ἀθήνη , Athēnē ; Doric : Ἀθάνα , Athānā ), also referred to as Pallas Athena/Athene ( pron.: / ˈ p æ l ə s / ; Παλλὰς Ἀθηνᾶ; Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη), is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. Minerva is the Roman goddess identified with Athena. [ 4 ] Athena is also a shrewd companion of heroes and is the goddess of heroic endeavour. She is the virgin patroness of Athens . The Athenians founded the Parthenon on the Acropolis of her namesake city, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honour. [ 4 ]
Ares ( Ancient Greek : Ἄρης [árɛːs] , Μodern Greek : Άρης [ˈaris] ) was the Greek god of war . He is one of the Twelve Olympians , and the son of Zeus and Hera . [ 1 ] In Greek literature , he often represents the physical or violent aspect of war, in contrast to the armored Athena , whose functions as a goddess of intelligence include military strategy and generalship . [ 2 ]