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Marcus Aurelius ( Latin : Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus ; [ 1 ] [ notes 1 ] April 26, 121 CE – March 17, 180 CE), was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors , and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers. During his reign, the Empire defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East; Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon in 164. In central Europe, Aurelius fought the Marcomanni , Quadi , and Sarmatians with success during the Marcomannic Wars , with the threat of the Germanic tribes beginning to represent a troubling reality for the Empire.
Vincent Willem van Gogh ( Dutch: [ˈvɪnsɛnt ˈʋɪləɱ vɑŋ ˈɣɔχ] ( listen ) ; [ note 1 ] 30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Dutch post-Impressionist painter whose work, notable for its rough beauty, emotional honesty and bold color, had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. After years of painful anxiety and frequent bouts of mental illness, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] he died aged 37 from a gunshot wound, generally accepted to be self-inflicted (although no gun was ever found). [ 3 ] [ note 2 ] His work was then known to only a handful of people and appreciated by fewer still. Van Gogh began to draw as a child, and he continued to draw throughout the years that led up to his decision to become an artist.
Howard Tracy Hall (October 20, 1919 – July 25, 2008) was an American physical chemist, and the first person who grew a synthetic diamond according to a reproducible, verifiable and witnessed process, using a press of his own design. [ edit ] Early life Tracy Hall was born in Ogden, Utah in 1919.
Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade ( French: [maʁki də sad] ; 2 June 1740 – 2 December 1814) was a French aristocrat , revolutionary politician, philosopher and writer, famous for his libertine sexuality and lifestyle. His works include novels, short stories, plays, dialogues and political tracts; in his lifetime some were published under his own name, while others appeared anonymously and Sade denied being their author. He is best known for his erotic works, which combined philosophical discourse with pornography, depicting sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence , criminality and blasphemy against the Catholic Church . He was a proponent of extreme freedom , unrestrained by morality , religion or law.
He's not that inspiring, interesting is a better word. A smart man nonetheless. by Nov 20
Kahlil Gibran (full Arabic name Gibran Khalil Gibran with the more standard spelling Khalil ; [ a ] Arabic : جبران خليل جبران / ALA-LC : Jubrān Khalīl Jubrān or Jibrān Khalīl Jibrān ;) (January 6, 1883 – April 10, 1931) was a Lebanese - American artist , poet , and writer . Born in the town of Bsharri in the north of modern-day Lebanon (then part of Ottoman Mount Lebanon ), as a young man he immigrated with his family to the United States, where he studied art and began his literary career, writing in both English and Arabic .
Martin E. P. "Marty" Seligman (born August 12, 1942) is an American psychologist , educator, and author of self-help books .
Henry Charles Bukowski (born Heinrich Karl Bukowski ; August 16, 1920 – March 9, 1994) was a German-born American poet, novelist and short story writer. His writing was influenced by the social, cultural and economic ambience of his home city of Los Angeles . [ 6 ] It is marked by an emphasis on the ordinary lives of poor Americans, the act of writing, alcohol, relationships with women and the drudgery of work. Bukowski wrote thousands of poems, hundreds of short stories and six novels, eventually publishing over sixty books. In 1986 Time called Bukowski a "laureate of American lowlife". [ 7 ] Regarding Bukowski's enduring popular appeal, Adam Kirsch of The New Yorker wrote, "the secret of Bukowski's appeal. . .
Alan Mathison Turing , OBE , FRS ( pron.: / ˈ tj ʊər ɪ ŋ / TEWR -ing ; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was a British mathematician , logician , cryptanalyst , and computer scientist . He was highly influential in the development of computer science , giving a formalisation of the concepts of " algorithm " and " computation " with the Turing machine , which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] Turing is widely considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence . [ 5 ] During World War II , Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park , Britain's codebreaking centre. For a time he was head of Hut 8 , the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers , including the method of the bombe , an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine .
David John Chalmers (born 20 April 1966) is an Australian philosopher specializing in the area of philosophy of mind and philosophy of language . He is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Centre for Consciousness at the Australian National University . He is also Visiting Professor of Philosophy at New York University . [ 1 ]