Prohibition. The prohibition movement in the United States began in the early 1800s and by 1850 several states had passed laws that restricted or prevented people drinking alcohol.
Early campaigners for prohibition included William Lloyd Garrison, Frances E. Willard, Anna Howard Shaw, Carry Nation, Mary Lease and Ida Wise Smith. Neal Dow, a prosperous businessman in Portland, Maine, established the Young Men's Abstinence Society. He also led the campaign that resulted in Maine passing the nation's first prohibition law in 1846. During the 19th century, two powerful pressure groups, the Anti-Saloon League and the Women's Christian Temperance Union were established in America. In 1879 John St. St. During the First World War most people considered it to be unpatriotic to use much needed grain to produce alcohol. Opinion on prohibition began to change and by January, 1919, 75% of the states in America had approved the 18th Amendment which prohibited the "sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors". The Jazz Age 1920's. The Jazz Age. In 1920's America - known as the Jazz Age, the Golden Twenties or the Roaring Twenties - everybody seemed to have money.
The nightmare that was the Wall Street Crash of October 1929, was inconceivable right up until it happened. The 1920’s saw a break with the traditional set-up in America. The Great War had destroyed old perceived social conventions and new ones developed. The young set themselves free especially, the young women. They shocked the older generation with their new hair style (a short bob) and the clothes that they wore were often much shorter than had been seen and tended to expose their legs and knees. An advert for lipstick - Flapper style The Flappers also went out without a man to look after them, went to all-night parties, drove motor cars, smoked in public and held men’s hands without wearing gloves. The person who the Flappers most looked up to was Clara Bow - the vamp in the film "It". Linked to the growth of an alternate generation, was the growth in jazz. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. A Century of Segregation. Model T Ford. America4. 2. Poverty and Depression Not every one shared in the prosperity, however, and there were glaring weaknesses in the American economy in the 1920s.
However, there is plenty of evidence that all was not well with the American economy in the 1920s, and in 1928 the 'boom' began to slow down. Particular problems included [FLOP CUTS]: a. B. C. D. This photo is from the 1930s, but it sums up the position of Black people in the 1920s - they can SEE the prosperity, but they don't SHARE in it. e. F. G. H. Illinois Trails History and Genealogy presents "The 1920s" Anti-Saloon League Museum.
GCSE Bitesize: The 1920s overview.