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Contents Threatened Species , Environmental and Social Data ( Mammals , Biodiversity/Ecosystems , Population , Area/Land Use , Protected Lands , Economy , Education ), References and Links Threatened Species Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur or have occurred in Madagascar and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals . Critically Endangered : Golden Bamboo Lemur ( Hapalemur aureus ). ( Endemic to Madagascar.)
Contents Threatened Species , Environmental and Social Data ( Mammals , Biodiversity/Ecosystems , Population , Area/Land Use , Protected Lands , Economy , Education ), References and Links Threatened Species
Throughout history, the elephant has played an important role in human economies, religion, and culture. The immense size, strength, and stature of this largest living land animal has intrigued people of many cultures for hundreds of years. In Asia, elephants have served as beasts of burden in war and peace. Some civilizations have regarded elephants as gods, and they have been symbols of royalty for some. Elephants have entertained us in circuses and festivals around the world.
The largest land mammal on earth, the African elephant weighs up to eight tons. The elephant is distinguished by its massive body, large ears and a long trunk, which has many uses ranging from using it as a hand to pick up objects, as a horn to trumpet warnings, an arm raised in greeting to a hose for drinking water or bathing. Asian elephants differ in several ways from their African relatives. They are much smaller in size and their ears are straight at the bottom, unlike the large fan-shape ears of the African species. Only some Asian male elephants have tusks.