PART II: The origins of San Francisco Bay. San Francisco Bay's History Like most estuaries, San Francisco Bay is a very young feature, geologically speaking.
Twenty thousand years ago there was no bay. At that time the world was in the grip of the last ice age, and much of the planet's water was frozen into glaciers that covered a large part of the northern continents. With less water to fill the oceans, sea level was nearly 150 meters (over 400 feet) lower and the Pacific coastline was 30 km (20 miles) west of where it lies today. Region-wide Science for Ecosystem Management. San Francisco's Clean Little Secret - FoundSF. From FoundSF Historical Essay by Joel Pomerantz Surrounded by the salty ocean, San Franciscans take as a given the need for fresh water drawn from mountains on the far side of the state.
Hetch Hetchy reservoir, located in Yosemite National Park on the Tuolumne River, is our main source. The Tuolumne, combined with creeks in counties nearer San Francisco, supply 95% of the water we use for our residences, industries, and irrigation. Viktorschauberger_4. Gardening Australia - Fact Sheet: Permaculture #6 - Drip Irrigation. Presenter: Josh Byrne, 27/08/2004 When establishing new gardens during the cooler winter months it is important to prepare for the hot summer ahead so that the most efficient use of water is made for the maximum benefit to the garden.
Drip irrigation is a proven method of providing uniform watering at ground level where the plants need it most, and it is extremely easy to install. Oasis Design: Grey Water Books, Ecological Design Information & Consulting. Greywater Action. Simple Graywater Systems. Water Reuse. This page describes the graywater/blackwater system we've been using for the past 15 years.
This is a companion page to our Water Use webpage. The system is very basic. All wastewater, except that from the shower and laundry, is collected in a 5 gallon bucket and then dumped on a daily basis into mulch basins around trees and shrubs. This is the simplest, most effective system we have found for effectively treating and reusing our wastewater. By emptying wastewater into mulch filled basins where oxygen is plentiful and microbial activity high, treatment levels for the wastewater are also high. Radical Water Conservation Methods. Composting Toilets. Composting toilets are simple, low-tech, waterless toilets.
They are designed to provide favorable habitat for biological agents of decomposition such as bacteria, mold and fungi which break down feces and urine into compost. Covering the Hudson to the Catskills! Parks make way for portable potties. Parks make way for portable potties - The well-built stone structure in the Clinton-Como Park playground sure looks like a bathroom.
So does its twin at Brevoort Park. Humanure Handbook: Contents. A Guide to Composting Human Manure Second Edition Front Cover - Back Cover.
Biolytix.com. Waterboxx. This device creates condensation and directs the water to storage below which is then slowly delivered to the roots of the baby tree.
After 1 to 2 years the box can be re-used and moved to another location to start another tree! Other advantages are the ability to grow the tree from seed directly on top of the soil or surface you want to plant on, like rocks! This really opens up the possibilities to reforest our deserts, even the areas with eroded topsoil. Fog Shower. Joao Diego Schimansky, a student at Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Parana in Brazil, is one of eight finalists in the Electrolux Design Lab 2007 annual global competition.
Schimansky designed a concept called “Fog Shower”, a showerhead that consumes much less water than conventional showerheads. 100 Ways To Conserve. Roofwater Harvesting Work at OAEC. In the North Coast region of California (including all of Sonoma County) the majority of watersheds are listed as “impaired” by the US Environmental Protection Agency, primarily due to sedimentation, temperature and water quantity. Dutch Bill Creek is one of only two creeks in the entire Russian River Basin known to host a wild population of Coho salmon, yet to function as a natural production stream, and to ensure survival of Coho and Steelhead, it must maintain adequate in-stream flows. As is typical in a Mediterranean climate like ours, the rainfall season in the North Coast region is shorter than the dry season, and low stream-flows in the dry months of summer and fall coincide with the months of highest human demand for agricultural, residential and commercial uses.
One such solution is roofwater harvesting. Roofwater harvesting systems supply and store pure rainwater and require no electrical pumping. An Improvised PVC Bulkhead Fitting for Liquid Storage Tanks. An Improvised PVC Bulkhead Fitting for Liquid Storage Tanks RuggedCompatible with and Inert to Most ChemicalsImpervious to WeatherMade from Common HardwareVery Inexpensive A "bulkhead fitting" is an unusual item of plumbing designed to pass a connection through the sealed wall of a vessel.
While there are a lot of household and industrial applications for them, you won't find bulkhead fittings at Home Depot. Rainwater HOG » modular water storage. PHOTOS: Fog Catchers Harvest Air's Water in Arid Places. Broadcast Yourself. 1.3 Fog harvesting. This innovative technology is based on the fact that water can be collected from fogs under favorable climatic conditions. Fogs are defined as a mass of water vapor condensed into small water droplets at, or just above, the Earth's surface.
The small water droplets present in the fog precipitate when they come in contact with objects. The frequent fogs that occur in the arid coastal areas of Peru and Chile are traditionally known as camanchacas. These fogs have the potential to provide an alternative source of freshwater in this otherwise dry region if harvested through the use of simple and low-cost collection systems known as fog collectors. Present research suggests that fog collectors work best in coastal areas where the water can be harvested as the fog moves inland driven by the wind.
Technical Description Full-scale fog collectors are simple, flat, rectangular nets of nylon supported by a post at either end and arranged perpendicular to the direction of the prevailing wind. Costs. Rain Barrel Guide: How to use rain barrels to harvest rainwater at home. Specialists in Rainwater Catchment Systems. Rain Barrel. 1.3 Fog harvesting. Polluted Runoff (Nonpoint Source Pollution) A green roof in the middle of dense urbanization can slow down and reduce rainfall runoff from the roof in Arlington County, Virgina. (Photo courtesy of Ansu John) Green landscaping within impervious surfaces, such as parking lots, can help reduce runoff. On this Page LID is an approach to land development (or re-development) that works with nature to manage stormwater as close to its source as possible. LID employs principles such as preserving and recreating natural landscape features, minimizing effective imperviousness to create functional and appealing site drainage that treat stormwater as a resource rather than a waste product.
LID Works Everywhere LID can be applied to new development, redevelopment, or as retrofits to existing development. LID and Green Infrastructure. National NEMO Network. San Francisco Sewers Blog. Water Resources Center Archive has moved to UC Riverside. San Francisco Historical Topo. Guide to San Francisco Bay Area Creeks Topographic map from the 1890s with original creeks in blue, marshes in green, and modern land fill in pink The street grid shown on this map is from the 1890s. Center for Watershed Protection - Welcome. Water cycle basics. Water footprint and virtual water.
Water: How much should you drink every day? Water: How much should you drink every day? Water is essential to good health, yet needs vary by individual. These guidelines can help ensure you drink enough fluids. Planet Water - By Brock Dolman. The dynamic processes of water - the evaporation, condensation, transpiration and precipitation that drive the hydrological cycle - are nothing short of magic. Imagine a substance that can be a solid ice, floating on its liquid self, which in turn can evaporate into the atmosphere as a vaporous distilled gas, and then can return again to earth as either a solid snow or liquid rain.
Without water there would likely be no life on Planet Earth. 5 Really Weird Things About Water. Water, good ol' H2O, seems like a pretty simple substance to you and me. The water cycle: A Managing Wholes animation. Anomalous properties of water. OAEC's WATER Institute. How much water is there on Earth?" Slideshare. Slideshare. Dan Barber: How I fell in love with a fish.