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In general, the Olympians are the gods who live on Mount Olympus , all of them somehow related to the supreme god Zeus . More specifically, the Twelve Olympians are the major deities of the Greek pantheon : Zeus , Hera , Poseidon , Demeter , Athena , Hestia , Apollo , Artemis , Ares , Aphrodite , Hephaestus , and Hermes . Hestia was often replaced by Dionysus . Hades and Persephone were sometimes included as part of the twelve Olympians (primarily due to the influence of the Eleusinian Mysteries ), although in general Hades was excluded, because he resided permanently in the underworld and never visited Mount Olympus. Other gods, like Heracles or Asclepius , could also be included. [ edit ] The Twelve Olympians
The Olympians is an opera in three acts by Arthur Bliss to a libretto by J. B. Priestley , first performed at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden on 29 September 1949, conducted by Karl Rankl in a production by Peter Brook . [ 1 ]
Aphrodite ( i / æ f r ə ˈ d aɪ t i / af-rə- DY -tee ; Greek : Ἀφροδίτη ) is the Greek goddess of love , beauty , pleasure, and procreation. Her Roman equivalent is the goddess Venus . According to Hesiod 's Theogony , she was born when Cronus cut off Uranus 's genitals and threw them into the sea, and she arose from the sea foam ( aphros ). According to Homer 's Iliad , she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione . Because of her beauty, other gods feared that their rivalry over her would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, so Zeus married her to Hephaestus , who, because of his ugliness and deformity, was not seen as a threat.
Apollo ( Attic , Ionic , and Homeric Greek : Ἀπόλλων , Apollōn (gen.: Ἀπόλλωνος ); Doric : Ἀπέλλων , Apellōn ; Arcadocypriot : Ἀπείλων , Apeilōn ; Aeolic : Ἄπλουν , Aploun ; Latin : Apollō ) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman religion , Greek and Roman mythology , and Greco – Roman Neopaganism . The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto , and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis . Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu . As the patron of Delphi ( Pythian Apollo ), Apollo was an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle .
Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana . Some scholars [ 1 ] believe that the name and indeed the goddess herself was originally pre-Greek. [ 2 ] Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron : "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". [ 3 ] The Arcadians believed she was the daughter of Demeter . [ 4 ] In the classical period of Greek mythology , Artemis ( Greek : ( nominative ) Ἄρτεμις , ( genitive ) Ἀρτέμιδος ) was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto , and the twin sister of Apollo .
In Greek religion and mythology , Athena or Athene ( pron.: / ə ˈ θ iː n ə / or / ə ˈ θ iː n iː / ; Attic : Ἀθηνᾶ , Athēnā or Ἀθηναία , Athēnaia ; Epic : Ἀθηναίη , Athēnaiē ; Ionic : Ἀθήνη , Athēnē ; Doric : Ἀθάνα , Athānā ), also referred to as Pallas Athena/Athene ( pron.: / ˈ p æ l ə s / ; Παλλὰς Ἀθηνᾶ; Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη), is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, just warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. Minerva is the Roman goddess identified with Athena. [ 4 ] Athena is also a shrewd companion of heroes and is the goddess of heroic endeavour. She is the virgin patroness of Athens . The Athenians founded the Parthenon on the Acropolis of her namesake city, Athens (Athena Parthenos), in her honour. [ 4 ]
In ancient Greek religion and myth , Demeter ( / d i ˈ m iː t ər / ; Attic Δημήτηρ Dēmētēr . Doric Δαμάτηρ Dāmātēr ) is the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains and the fertility of the earth. Her cult titles include Sito ( σίτος : wheat) as the giver of food or corn/grain [ 1 ] and Thesmophoros ( θεσμός , thesmos : divine order, unwritten law) as a mark of the civilized existence of agricultural society. [ 2 ]
Dionysus pron.: / d aɪ . ə ˈ n aɪ s ə s / ( Ancient Greek : Διόνυσος , Dionysos ) was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine , of ritual madness and ecstasy in Greek mythology . His name in Linear B tablets shows he was worshipped from c. 1500—1100 BC by Mycenean Greeks : other traces of Dionysian-type cult have been found in ancient Minoan Crete . [ 2 ] His origins are uncertain, and his cults took many forms; some are described by ancient sources as Thracian, others as Greek. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] In some cults, he arrives from the east, as an Asiatic foreigner; in others, from Ethiopia in the South. He is a god of epiphany , "the god that comes," and his "foreignness" as an arriving outsider-god may be inherent and essential to his cults. He is a major, popular figure of Greek mythology and religion , and is included in some lists of the twelve Olympians . Dionysus was the last god to be accepted into Mt. Olympus.
Writer H.P. Lovecraft created a number of fictional deities throughout the course of his literary career, including the "Great Old Ones" and the "Outer Gods", with sporadic references to other miscellaneous deities (e.g. Nodens ). The Elder Gods are a later creation of writers such as August Derleth , who is credited with forming the Cthulhu Mythos . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ edit ] Great Old Ones
Hades ( pron.: / ˈ h eɪ d iː z / ; from Greek ᾍδης (older form Ἀϝίδης), Hadēs , originally Ἅιδης , Haidēs or Άΐδης , Aidēs ( Doric Ἀΐδας Aidas ), meaning "the unseen" [ 1 ] ) was the ancient Greek god of the underworld . The genitive ᾍδου , Haidou , was an elision to denote locality: "[the house/dominion] of Hades ". Eventually, the nominative came to designate the abode of the dead. In Greek mythology , Hades is the oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea . According to myth, he and his brothers Zeus and Poseidon defeated the Titans and claimed rulership over the cosmos, ruling the underworld, air, and sea, respectively; the solid earth, long the province of Gaia , was available to all three concurrently.
Hephaestus ( pron.: / h ɪ ˈ f iː s t ə s / , / h ə ˈ f ɛ s t ə s / or / h ɨ ˈ f ɛ s t ə s / ; 8 spellings ; Ancient Greek Ἥφαιστος Hēphaistos ) was the Greek god of blacksmiths , craftsmen , artisans , sculptors , metals , metallurgy , fire and volcanoes . [ 1 ] Hephaestus' Roman equivalent was Vulcan . In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera , the king and queen of the gods. As a smithing god, Hephaestus made all the weapons of the gods in Olympus. He served as the blacksmith of the gods, and was worshipped in the manufacturing and industrial centres of Greece, particularly Athens .
Hera ( pron.: / ˈ h ɛr ə / ; Greek Ἥρα , Hēra , equivalently Ἥρη , Hērē , in Ionic and Homer ) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion . Her chief function is as the goddess of women and marriage. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno . The cow , lion and the peacock are sacred to her.
Hermes is the divine messenger of the Olympian gods in Greek mythology Hermes Trismegistus ("Hermes the thrice-greatest"), the Greek name for the Egyptian god Thoth Hermes can also refer to: [ edit ] Astronomy Hermes, the Greek name for the planet Mercury , as it appeared in the evening sky 69230 Hermes , a binary near-Earth asteroid rediscovered in 2003 HERMES, an instrument (spectrograph) to be installed on the Anglo-Australian Telescope in 2013 [ edit ] Business
Information technology (IT) is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, [ 1 ] often in the context of a business or other enterprise. [ 2 ] The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several industries are associated with information technology, such as computer hardware , software , electronics , semiconductors , internet , telecom equipment , e-commerce and computer services . [ 3 ] In a business context, the Information Technology Association of America has defined information technology as "the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems".
Poseidon or Posidon ( Greek : Ποσειδῶν , gen: Ποσειδῶνος ) is one of the twelve Olympian deities of the pantheon in Greek mythology . His main domain is the ocean , and he is called the "God of the Sea". Additionally, he is referred to as "Earth-Shaker" [ 1 ] due to his role in causing earthquakes , and has been called the "tamer of horses". [ 2 ] He is usually depicted as an older male with curly hair and beard. The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology ; both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon. Linear B tablets show that Poseidon was venerated at Pylos and Thebes in pre-Olympian Bronze Age Greece as a chief deity, but he was integrated into the Olympian gods as the brother of Zeus and Hades . [ 2 ] According to some folklore, he was saved by his mother Rhea, who concealed him among a flock of lambs and pretended to have given birth to a colt, which was devoured by Cronos. [ 3 ]
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