Psychology & Neurocience

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Psicologia Online ,Consejos y ayuda psicologica. Alternative to the New DSM V.

Social Psychology

Psychological Science in the Public Interest. Published three times per year by the Association for Psychological Science, Psychological Science in the Public Interest (PSPI) is a unique journal featuring comprehensive and compelling reviews of issues that are of direct relevance to the general public.

Psychological Science in the Public Interest

These reviews are written by blue-ribbon teams of specialists representing a range of viewpoints and are intended to assess the current state-of-the-science with regard to the topic. Among other things, PSPI reports have challenged the validity of the Rorschach and other projective tests, have explored how to keep the aging brain sharp, and have documented problems with the current state of clinical psychology. All PSPI reports are freely available to the public via the APS website. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). View the Current Issue View the List of Issues Download (PDF) an overview of Psychological Science in the Public Interest by Stephen J. Send nominations to editor: Elaine Walker. The curse of the herd. I confess I'm biased . I get very irritated by mindless conformity , even about silly, inconsequential things. I find it exasperating, for instance, when people can’t decide for themselves if a song is beautiful or a person attractive.

But perhaps I’m affected more than I know. There’s reason to think that we are designed to conform, that our ancestors evolved a sensitivity to social cues and a tendency to adopt group norms. Sometimes the majority’s got practical information to share – information that is objectively helpful, like how to catch a fish or prevent infection.

In other cases, group norms are arbitrary, but useful when everyone agrees on them. There is also the sort of conformity that exists for purely social reasons. I understand why such social conformity is important. Sample stimulus from Asch experiment In a famous experimental paradigm created by Solomon Asch, people are asked to judge which among a series of lines are the same length. What does it mean? More reading. Why Avoidance Coping is the Most Important Factor in Anxiety. Avoidance coping refers to choosing your behavior based on trying to avoid or escape particular thoughts or feelings.

Why Avoidance Coping is the Most Important Factor in Anxiety

It can involve "doing" (e.g., someone who excessively washes their hands to try to get rid of fears about contamination) or "not doing" (e.g., when someone avoids having an awkward conversation). Avoidance coping causes anxiety to snowball because when people use avoidance coping they typically end up experiencing more of the very thing they were trying to escape. Here are some examples related to anxiety disorders, but the principle applies to anxiety generally. - People with panic disorder engage in avoidance coping (including not leaving their home in some cases) in order to try to avoid panicky feelings.

The more they try to avoid situations that might trigger panicky feelings, the more almost every situation begins to trigger panicky feelings. When people engage in rumination (overthinking) they are typically trying to think their way out of uncomfortable emotions. Alva Noë: You Are Not Your Brain. Entrevista a Humberto Maturana en el programa televisivo "Tesis" Sleep learning is possible: Associations formed when asleep remained intact when awake. Is sleep learning possible?

Sleep learning is possible: Associations formed when asleep remained intact when awake

A new Weizmann Institute study appearing August 26 in Nature Neuroscience has found that if certain odors are presented after tones during sleep, people will start sniffing when they hear the tones alone -- even when no odor is present -- both during sleep and, later, when awake. In other words, people can learn new information while they sleep, and this can unconsciously modify their waking behavior. Sleep-learning experiments are notoriously difficult to conduct. For one thing, one must be sure that the subjects are actually asleep and stay that way during the "lessons. " The most rigorous trials of verbal sleep learning have failed to show any new knowledge taking root. Prof. In the experiments, the subjects slept in a special lab while their sleep state was continuously monitored. The next day, the now awake subjects again heard the tones alone -- with no accompanying odor.

Resources

What Your Facebook Account Says About Your Brain. Why do some people have thousands of friends on Facebook and others have just a few?

What Your Facebook Account Says About Your Brain

It turns out that it depends on the size of their brain. A recent study found that people with more friends have a larger orbital prefrontal cortex, the region of the brain in your forehead right above your eyes. This brain region is involved in complex cognitive processes such as thinking about oneself and thinking about what other people might be thinking.

Other recent studies found that people with larger social networks (including the number of friends on Facebook) also have a larger amygdala (a brain region involved in emotion regulation). Establishing and maintaining many social relationships requires a great deal of brainpower. Take a primate species like the rhesus macaque for example. There is an interesting twist to the Machiavellian Intelligence theory of brain evolution. Powell J., Lewis P.A., Roberts, N., García-Fiñana, M, & Dunbar, R.I.M. 2012. Bickart, K. Synesthetes: "People of the Future" If not for Pharrell Williams' music to color synesthesia , countless stars would have to find a new hit maker.

Synesthetes: "People of the Future"

"I'd be lost," Grammy Award-winning producer, performer and entrepreneur Mr. Williams says on the phone from London. I'm interviewing him for a chapter in my book, . "It's my only reference for understanding . I don't think I would have what some people would call talent and what I would call a gift. Mr. Music and Mr. On a recent episode on ABC-TV's "Nightline" he told an interviewer that when his family moved to the suburbs and he encountered a wonderful band teacher, he knew music was for him.

Mr. Though his sound is immediately indentifiable, he has said that he doesn't intrude too heavily on the artist with his track mastering - he simply imbues it with his talent. The young man whose name is derivative of his father's (Pharaoh) and who says he has Egyptian and Native American heritages, introduced a new generation to synesthesia by naming his third album with N.E.R.D. Mr. Cheaters Always Win—The Paradox of Getting Ahead in America. I often write about how America's leading successes in politics and business cheat more than the rest of us (in their marriages, on their taxes, in gaining advantages for their children ).

Cheaters Always Win—The Paradox of Getting Ahead in America

As I said in " Why Policiticans Get Laid More: The Low Road to the High Life ": "How many male readers—who will never achieve political office or become multimillionaires like Bill Clinton—would accept oral sexual favors from a 21-year-old woman at work? You wouldn't? No wonder your career's stalled! " And, remember, Clinton is beloved worldwide. My point is that most of us are hemmed in by restrictions—real, imagined, social, economic, legal—that the most daring learn to ignore. The paper , by Paul K. My blogpost was double-edged. But the post in the New York Times feature "Campaign Stops" I referenced above, by Thomas Edsall, very much emphasizes the negative, as indicated by its title, "Other People's Suffering.

" Jennifer E. As Edsall notes, these "findings were noteworthy, to say the least. " Mental Health. Cognitive Psychology - The Brain (1-5)(THE BRAIN, MIND & CONSCIOUSNESS series) Right-wingers are less intelligent than left wingers, says controversial study - and conservative politics can lead people to be racist. Children with low intelligence grow up to be prejudicedRight-wing views make the less intelligent feel 'safe'Analysis of more than 15,000 people By Rob Waugh Updated: 09:54 GMT, 8 February 2012 Right-wingers tend to be less intelligent than left-wingers, and people with low childhood intelligence tend to grow up to have racist and anti-gay views, says a controversial new study.

Right-wingers are less intelligent than left wingers, says controversial study - and conservative politics can lead people to be racist

Conservative politics work almost as a 'gateway' into prejudice against others, say the Canadian academics. The paper analysed large UK studies which compared childhood intelligence with political views in adulthood across more than 15,000 people. The authors claim that people with low intelligence gravitate towards right-wing views because they make them feel safe. The survey, which compared childhood intelligence with political views, is bad news for David Cameron, the Conservative Party Prime Minister but should give a lift to Labour Party leader, Ed Miliband, pictured in Question Time.

Polémica por estudio canadiense: Las personas con un nivel inferior de inteligencia gr...[+] - Cambio21.cl. Blame Game Blog.

Personality

Popular psychology theories on self-esteem not backed up by serious research, study finds. Low self-esteem is associated with a greater risk of mental health problems such as eating disorders and depression. From a public health perspective, it is important for staff in various health-related professions to know about self-esteem. However, there is a vast difference between the research-based knowledge on self-esteem and the simplified popular psychology theories that are disseminated through books and motivational talks, reveals research from the University of Gothenburg.

Current popular psychology books distinguish between self-esteem and self-confidence. It is also believed that it is possible to improve self-esteem without there being a link to how competent people perceive themselves to be in areas they consider important. This is in stark contrast to the results of a new study carried out by researcher Magnus Lindwall from the University of Gothenburg's Department of Psychology and colleagues from the UK, Turkey and Portugal. Evolutionary Psychology.

Neurobiology

Dangerous Ideas. Why Raising Children Is So Hard. You don't really know what an experience is like, of course, until you have it yourself.

Why Raising Children Is So Hard

I remember thinking to myself when my wife and I first began discussing the idea of having children that this was especially true regarding parenthood . In the past I'd been able to predict with reasonable accuracy a number of novel experiences based on previous similar experiences, but no experience I'd yet had seemed even close to the experience of having a child (sorry, owning a pet doesn't come close). The truth is that parenthood is both wonderful and awful at the same time. What makes it wonderful are all the things people tell you. What makes it awful, however, isn't quite as intuitively clear. . . . My main point here, then, is that nothing in life is only wonderful (or awful), even having children, something many tout, at least in the abstract, as the most wonderful experience to be had.

Using the new Positive Psychology.

Cognition

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