4 Challenges for OER in Higher Education. Open Resources | Feature Page 2 of 2 4 Challenges for OER in Higher Education Cain said impressing upon the educators the fact that they already "adapt" coursework and textbooks to meet student needs is a good way to help break them out of the "textbook is the course" mindset.
"Teachers skip chapters, incorporate current events, and drill down on specific student needs all the time," said Cain. "OERs are really just an extension of that. " Educators don't have time to develop their own course materials. One way to get educators on board is by incentivizing them to jump into the OER game. To encourage participation and ongoing use of OERs, the school has used professional development workshops and one-on-one consulting sessions and makes lists of OERs--culled by reference librarians--available to faculty members.
A lot of faculty members just don't know about OER. "They became focal supporters for our campus-wide initiative," said Sheridan. About the Author. El imparable ascenso de la educación abierta. Understanding Open Source. In the past few years, open source software (OSS) has become a viable alternative to proprietary, closed source software.
While many a geek may be truly excited about the recent success of OSS, how does it affect educators? Many educational benefits of OSS have been proposed, including the obvious cost savings as well as allowing students to engage with technology as collaborators instead of simply helpless consumers. The following resources are an attempt to give educators the knowledge necessary to understanding OSS, the ability to convince others of its virtues, and the tools to use OSS effectively in the classroom setting. If you just want to know where to find appropriate OSS, check out the OSS applications section. What is Open Source? This ability to see the source code of software has often given people a confused idea that somehow OSS is not as "safe" to use, or that students will be able to compromise the system.
Copyright/Copyleft and "Free as in Beer" Philosophical Roots. Artikel-697-ee18ac0f1441bb158e6122818f5f589e.pdf (application/pdf Object) Fostering Governmental Support for Open Educational Resources Internationally (EUROPE) 4th REGIONAL POLICY FORUMEUROPE Cambridge, UK, 17 April 2012 Sir John Daniel & Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić Commonwealth of Learning Introduction Representatives of the Governments of UNESCO’s Europe Region, delegates to the OpenCourseWare conference, Sponsors, Ladies and Gentlemen, It is a great pleasure to be here and to welcome you to the Regional Policy Forum for Europe that we are organising within our Project “Fostering Governmental Support for Open Educational Resources Internationally”, which is being implemented by the Commonwealth of Learning and UNESCO.
I have prepared this account of the project with our Senior Consultant, Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić, who unfortunately cannot be here. The focus of our project is fostering governmental support for OER. Stamenka has done a first analysis of Europe Region governments’ responses to our survey about OER policies and I will share that later. Background Let me begin by setting the stage. So let me recap the story so far. Survey of governments. World Open Educational Resources Congress. The 2012 Paris OER Declaration was formally adopted at the 2012 World Open Educational Resources (OER) Congress held at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris from 20 – 22 June 2012.
Déclaration de Paris des REL 2012 (French) Declaración de París de 2012 sobre los REA (Spanish) إعلان باريس لعام 2012 بشأن الموارد التعليمية المفتوحة (Arabic) 2012年开放式教育资源巴黎宣言 (Chinese) ПАРИЖСКАЯ ДЕКЛАРАЦИЯ ПО ООР 2012 Г (Russian) Over 400 delegates including representatives of Government, educators, NGOs, and universities attended the Congress which was organized in full partnership with the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and supported by a generous grant from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (USA). OER Draft Declaration Version 3.pdf (application/pdf Object) 2012 WORLD OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER) CONGRESS - Paris OER Declaration_01.pdf. 213605E.pdf (application/pdf Object) World OER Congress - Fostering Governmental Support for OER InternationallyWorld OER Congress. OER Rubrics and Evaluation Tool. To help states, districts, teachers, and other users determine the degree of alignment of OER to the Common Core State Standards, and to determine aspects of quality of OER, Achieve has developed eight rubrics in collaboration with leaders from the OER community (download link for rubrics below).
To allow users to apply these rubrics and evaluate the quality of instructional resources, Achieve partnered with OER Commons to develop an online evaluation tool. OER Commons, an online repository for open education resources, is now hosting the tool and its resulting evaluation data. Every resource available on OER Commons contains an "Evaluate Resource" button that will direct users to the evaluation tool. The coding for the tool is freely available online here. Resources rated on OER Commons will create a pool of metadata, and this metadata will be shared through the Learning Registry with other interested repositories.
The Rubrics Rubric I. Rubric II. Rubric III. Rubric IV. Rubric V. Open Educational Resources: reviewing initiatives and issues - Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning - Volume 24. OER Commons. Definition of Free Cultural Works. Stable version This is the stable version 1.1 of the definition.
The version number will be updated as the definition develops. The editable version of the definition can be found at Definition/Unstable . See authoring process for more information, and see translations if you want to contribute a version in another language. Summary This document defines "Free Cultural Works" as works or expressions which can be freely studied, applied, copied and/or modified, by anyone, for any purpose. Preamble Social and technological advances make it possible for a growing part of humanity to access, create, modify, publish and distribute various kinds of works - artworks, scientific and educational materials, software, articles - in short: anything that can be represented in digital form .
Most authors, whatever their field of activity, whatever their amateur or professional status, have a genuine interest in favoring an ecosystem where works can be spread, re-used and derived in creative ways. The Educator’s Guide to Copyright, Fair Use, and Creative Commons. Lately, we’ve been hearing more and more about digital copyrights and fair use in the news and online – particularly with the whole SOPA/PIPA uproar that recently swept the web.
Also, we on the Edublogs support team have been getting more and more complaints and official requests to remove copyrighted content that users have placed on blogs. The legal jargon with respect to digital copyrights can be confusing – especially since different countries have their own laws and regulations. With this post, we hope to dispel a few myths and pull together a complete list of resources for teachers and students to use when blogging and working with content online. Rule #1: You Can’t Use Everything You Find On the Web Dexter the cat hates those that steal his photos… This may seem obvious, but judging by the notices we have received, many teachers (and especially students) are under the impression that if it is on the web, then it is up for grabs.
Rule #2: There Are Resources You CAN Use Images Videos. Remix game - WikiEducator. From WikiEducator As a refresher before you begin the following activity, recall that each of the CC license terms may be represented by a symbol (or mark): The GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) and a work available in the public domain (PD) may be indicated with the following symbols: In this short exercise you will consider a number of remix scenarios to explore license compatibility.
The dealer will deal four cards, each representing an open educational resource (OER) you would like to aggregate for a derivative work. Each card has at its centre an icon representing its media type. Your intention is to include supporting text and guidelines for learners with each resource. You can progress to the next hand dealt by clicking on the green "next" arrow at the bottom of each page, or use the links below: Example 1 Example 2 Example 3 Example 4 Example 5 Example 6 This activity is a remix inspired by the online version of David Wiley's OER remix game .
Logos and buttons - Definition of Free Cultural Works. Official logo The official logo of the Definition of Free Cultural Works was designed by Marc Falzon, and placed in the public domain: Error creating thumbnail: Unable to save thumbnail to destination An SVG copy can be found here The logo represents both the diversity of human culture, and the openness and freedom to interact with free cultural works.
Please feel free to create derivatives of this logo, and upload them to this wiki. Buttons Please note that simply adding a button does not license your work in any way. AMYMADE's buttons The following set of buttons were designed by AMYMADE with the support of the Free Software Foundation and represents our official recommendation: These buttons are in the public domain. Rational's buttons The following set of buttons were designed RationalBob using Adobe Illustrator: Small buttons This is the cleanest set so far and it comes with a template. Inkwina's icons The svg versions CC-BY-SA.svg and Image:GNU_FDL.svg do not display well online. "Attribution"
Open Knowledge Foundation. Open Definition. Version 1.1 Terminology The term knowledge is taken to include: Content such as music, films, booksData be it scientific, historical, geographic or otherwiseGovernment and other administrative information Software is excluded despite its obvious centrality because it is already adequately addressed by previous work.
The term work will be used to denote the item or piece of knowledge which is being transferred. The term package may also be used to denote a collection of works. The term license refers to the legal license under which the work is made available. The Definition A work is open if its manner of distribution satisfies the following conditions: 1. The work shall be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably downloading via the Internet without charge. Comment: This can be summarized as ‘social’ openness – not only are you allowed to get the work but you can get it. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Comment: this is taken directly from item 5 of the OSD. 8. 9.
What are Open Educational Resources. There is no one, standard definition of Open Educational Resources. However, the following broad definition of OERs from OER Commons seems to be generally accepted by the community: Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use, whether you are an instructor, student or self-learner. Examples of OER include: full courses, course modules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes, lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games, simulations, and many more resources contained in digital media collections from around the world. OERs exist within a wider 'Open' movement and context, explored below. The Open Movement Open source (relating to business and technology)Open source softwareOpen source hardwareOpen standardsOpen access (research)Open designOpen knowledgeOpen data Open content Open courseware Open educational resources Open educational practice What are educational resources?
Researching the meaning of the OERu for HEIs the UK.