Sumerian religion is the mythology , pantheon , rites , and cosmology of the Sumerian civilization.
Marduk, sun god of Babylon, with his thunderbolts pursues Anzu after Anzu stole the Tablets of Destiny .
The Epic of Gilgamesh , an epic poem from Mesopotamia , is amongst the earliest surviving works of literature . The literary history of Gilgamesh begins with five independent Sumerian poems about 'Bilgamesh' (Sumerian for Gilgamesh ), king of Uruk .
Gilgamesh ( pron.: / ˈ ɡ ɪ l . ɡ ə . m ɛ ʃ / ; Akkadian cuneiform : 𒄑𒂆𒈦 [
A Cedar Forest in Lebanon
Babylonian religion is the religious practice of Babylonia .
Marduk ( Sumerian spelling in Akkadian : AMAR.UTU 𒀫 𒌓 "solar calf"; perhaps from MERI.DUG; Biblical Hebrew מְרֹדַךְ Merodach ; Greek Μαρδοχαῖος , [ 1 ] Mardochaios ) was the Babylonian name of a late-generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon , who, when Babylon became the political center of the Euphrates valley in the time of Hammurabi ( 18th century BCE ), started to slowly rise to the position of the head of the Babylonian pantheon, a position he fully acquired by the second half of the second millennium BCE. According to The Encyclopedia of Religion , the name Marduk was probably pronounced Marutuk . The etymology of the name Marduk is conjectured as derived from amar-Utu ("bull calf of the sun god Utu").