Labors of Hercules
Roman relief (3rd century CE) depicting a sequence of the Labours of Hercules, representing from left to right the Nemean Lion, the Lernaean Hydra, the Erymanthian Boar, the Ceryneian Hind, the Stymphalian birds, the Girdle of Hippolyte, the Augean stables, the Cretan Bull and the Mares of Diomedes The twelve labours of Hercules or dodekathlon ( Greek : δωδέκαθλον , dodekathlon ) are a series of episodes concerning a penance carried out by Heracles , the greatest of the Greek heroes, whose name was later romanised as Hercules . They were later connected by a continuous narrative. The establishment of a fixed cycle of twelve labours was attributed by the Greeks to an epic poem , now lost, written by Peisander , dated about 600 BC. [ 1 ] Labours of Hercules
The Mares of Diomedes , also called the Mares of Thrace , were four man-eating horses in Greek mythology . Magnificent, wild, and uncontrollable, they belonged to the giant Diomedes (not to be confused with Diomedes , son of Tydeus ), king of Thrace , a son of Ares and Cyrene who lived on the shores of the Black Sea . Bucephalus , Alexander the Great 's horse was said to be descended from these mares. [ edit ] The Eighth Labour of Heracles Mares of Diomedes
Stymphalian birds In Greek mythology , the Stymphalian birds ( Greek : Στυμφαλίδες ὄρνιθες , Stymphalídes órnithes ) were man-eating birds with beaks of bronze and sharp metallic feathers they could launch at their victims, and were pets of Ares , the god of war. Furthermore, their dung was highly toxic. They had migrated to a lake in Arcadia to escape a pack of wolves , and bred quickly and took over the countryside, destroying local crops, fruit trees and townspeople. [ edit ] The Sixth Labour of Heracles
Hippolyta In Greek mythology , Hippolyta , Hippoliyte , or Hippolyte (Ἱππολύτη) was the Amazonian queen who possessed a magical girdle she was given by her father Ares , the god of war. The girdle was a waist belt that signified her authority as queen of the Amazons. She figures prominently in the myths of both Heracles and Theseus . As such, the stories about her are varied enough that they may actually be about a few different characters. [ original research?
Geryon In Greek mythology , Geryon / ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə n / or / ˈ ɡ ɛ r i ə n / [ 1 ] ( Ancient Greek : Γηρυών ; genitive : Γηρυόνος) [ 2 ] son of Chrysaor and Callirrhoe and grandson of Medusa , was a fearsome giant who dwelt on the island Erytheia of the mythic Hesperides in the far west of the Mediterranean . A more literal-minded later generation of Greeks associated the region with Tartessos in southern Iberia. [ 3 ] Geryon was often described as a monster with human faces.
In Greek mythology , Augeas (or Augeias , / ɔː ˈ dʒ iː ə s / , Ancient Greek : Αὐγείας ), whose name means "bright", was king of Elis and father of Epicaste . Some say that Augeas was one of the Argonauts . [ 1 ] He is best known for his stables, which housed the single greatest number of cattle in the country and had never been cleaned—until the time of the great hero Heracles . Augeas' lineage varies in the sources—he was said to be either the son of Helius and Nausidame, [ 2 ] or of Eleios , king of Elis, and Nausidame, [ 3 ] or of Poseidon , [ 4 ] or of Phorbas and Hyrmine . [ 5 ] His children were Epicaste , Phyleus , Agamede (who was the mother of Dictys by Poseidon), [ 6 ] Agasthenes , and Eurytus . Augeas
Cerberus ( pron.: / ˈ s ɜr b ər ə s / ), [ 1 ] or Kerberos , (Greek form: Κέρβερος, [ˈkerberos] ) [ 2 ] in Greek and Roman mythology , is a multi-headed (usually three-headed) dog, or "hellhound" [ 1 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] which guards the gates of the Underworld , to prevent those who have crossed the river Styx from ever escaping. Cerberus featured in many works of ancient Greek and Roman literature and in works of both ancient and modern art and architecture, although the depiction and background surrounding Cerberus often differed across various works by different authors of the era. The most notable difference is the number of its heads: Most sources describe or depict three heads; others show it with two or even just one; a smaller number of sources show a variable number, sometimes as many as 50 or even 100. Cerberus
In Greek mythology , the Erymanthian Boar (Greek: ὁ Ἐρυμάνθιος κάπρος; Latin: aper Erymanthius) is remembered in connection with The Twelve Labours , in which Heracles , the (reconciled) enemy of Hera , visited in turn "all the other sites of the Goddess throughout the world, to conquer every conceivable 'monster' of nature and rededicate the primordial world to its new master, his Olympian father," Zeus . [ 1 ] In the primitive highlands of Arcadia , where old practices lingered, the Erymanthian Boar was a giant fear-inspiring creature of the wilds that lived on Mount Erymanthos , a mountain that was apparently once sacred to the Mistress of the Animals , for in classical times it remained the haunt of Artemis ( Homer , Odyssey , VI.105). Erymanthian Boar
In Greek mythology , the Hesperides ( pronounced /hɛˈspɛrɪdiːz/ , Ancient Greek : Ἑσπερίδες ) are nymphs who tend a blissful garden in a far western corner of the world, located near the neighbourhood of Cyrene [ 1 ] or Benghazi [ 2 ] in Libya or the Atlas mountains in North Africa at the edge of the encircling Oceanus, the world-ocean . [ 3 ] In some sources, the nymphs are said to be the daughters of Hesperus . [ 4 ] According to the Sicilian Greek poet Stesichorus , in his poem the "Song of Geryon ", and the Greek geographer Strabo , in his book Geographika (volume III), the garden of the Hesperides is located in Tartessos , a location placed in the south of the Iberian peninsula . By Ancient Roman times [ when? ] , the garden of the Hesperides had lost its archaic place in religion and had dwindled to a poetic convention, in which form it was revived in Renaissance poetry, to refer both to the garden and to the nymphs that dwelt there. Hesperides
The Nemean lion ( Greek : Λέων τῆς Νεμέας ( Léōn tēs Neméas ); Latin : Leo Nemaeus ) was a vicious monster in Greek mythology that lived at Nemea . It was eventually killed by Heracles . It could not be killed with mortal weapons because its golden fur was impervious to attack. Its claws were sharper than mortal swords and could cut through any armor. The lion is usually considered to have been the offspring of Typhon [ 1 ] (or Orthrus ) [ 2 ] and Echidna ; it is also said to have fallen from the moon as the offspring of Zeus and Selene , or alternatively born of the Chimera . The Nemean lion was sent to Nemea in the Peloponnesus to terrorize the city. Nemean lion
Lernaean Hydra In Greek mythology , the Lernaean Hydra ( Ancient Greek : Λερναία Ὕδρα ) was an ancient serpent -like chthonic water beast, with reptilian traits (as its name evinces), that possessed many heads — the poets mention more heads than the vase-painters could paint, and for each head cut off it grew two more — and poisonous breath and blood so virulent even its tracks were deadly. [ 1 ] The Hydra of Lerna was killed by Heracles as the second of his Twelve Labours . Its lair was the lake of Lerna in the Argolid , though archaeology has borne out the myth that the sacred site was older even than the Mycenaean city of Argos since Lerna was the site of the myth of the Danaids . Beneath the waters was an entrance to the Underworld , and the Hydra was its guardian. [ 2 ]
Cretan Bull In Greek mythology , the Cretan Bull was either the bull that carried away Europa or the bull Pasiphaë fell in love with, giving birth to the Minotaur . [ edit ] Origin When the moon has reached the constellation of Taurus , it has passed over an area that the ancients referred to as the sea - the region from Capricorn to the region containing Aries. It was referred to as the sea due to the high concentration of constellations identified as sea creatures within it, Aries being identified as a golden flying ram who flew over the sea. Crete is in a direct line from the natural harbor of Argo, a direction which due the shape of Argo's harbor, and surrounding coastline, requires that all ships initially take this course. Apart from being a bull, Taurus contains a very bright and red star ( Aldebaran ), meaning that many took it to be evil.
In Greek mythology , the Ceryneian Hind (Greek: ἡ Κερυνῖτις ἔλαφος), also called Cerynitis , was an enormous hind (deer), who lived in Keryneia, Greece . It was sacred to Artemis , the chaste goddess of the hunt, animals and unmarried women. It had golden antlers like a stag and hooves of bronze or brass, and it was said that it could outrun an arrow in flight. Ceryneian Hind