God Speed! by Edmund Blair Leighton , 1900: a late Victorian view of a lady giving a favor to a knight about to do battle Courtly love or domnei was a medieval European conception of nobly and chivalrously expressing love and admiration. [ 1 ] Generally, courtly love was secret and between members of the nobility . [ 2 ] It was also generally not practiced between husband and wife. [ 2 ] [ 3 ]
Chivalry , or the chivalric code , is the traditional code of conduct associated with the medieval institution of knighthood . Chivalry arose from an idealized German custom. [ 1 ] It was originally conceived of as an aristocratic warrior code — the term derives from the French term for horseman — involving honor , gallantry , and individual training and service to others. Over time its meaning has been refined to emphasize more ideals such as knightly virtues, honor , courtly love , courtesy , and less martial aspects of the tradition.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch or other political leader for service to the monarch or country, especially in a military capacity. Historically, in Europe, knighthood has been conferred upon mounted warriors. [ 1 ] During the High Middle Ages , knighthood was considered a class of lower nobility . By the Late Middle Ages , the rank had become associated with the ideals of chivalry , a code of conduct for the perfect courtly Christian warrior .
Renaissance-era depiction of a joust in traditional or "high" armour, based on then-historical late medieval armour ( Paulus Hector Mair , de arte athletica , 1540s) Jousting is a martial game or hastilude between two horsemen and using lances , often as part of a tournament . The primary aim is to strike the opponent with the lance while riding towards him at high speed, if possible breaking the lance on the opponent's shield or armour , or unhorsing him.