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Noida ( Hindi : नोएडा , transliteration: Noeḍā ), short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority , is a city in India under the management of the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also called NOIDA). Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day". It was set up as part of an urbanization thrust during the controversial Emergency period (1975–1977). The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act . It is also the location of the Noida Film City .
President: Pranab Mukherjee (2012) Prime Minister: Manmohan Singh (2004) Land area: 1,147,949 sq mi (2,973,190 sq km); total area: 1,269,338 sq mi (3,287,590 sq km) Population (2011 est.): 1,205,073,612 (growth rate: 1.312%); birth rate: 20.6/1000; infant mortality rate: 46.07/1000; life expectancy: 67.14 Capital (2009 est.): New Delhi, 21.72 million Largest cities: Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)