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The history of Wales begins with the arrival of human beings in the region thousands of years ago. Neanderthals lived in what is now Wales , or Cymru in Welsh , at least 230,000 years ago. [ 1 ] Homo sapiens had arrived by about 31,000 BC. [ 2 ] However, continuous habitation by modern humans dates from the period after the end of the last ice age around 9000 BC, and Wales has many remains from the Mesolithic , Neolithic , and Bronze Age .
What must first be made clear is that Henry Morgan was not a pirate. A rogue maybe, but not a pirate.
Each year in late July and early August, flights arrive at London airports carrying folk from South America.
The first known settlements in Ireland began around 8000 BC, when mesolithic hunter-gatherers migrated from neighbouring Britain or the Continent. Insufficient archaeological traces remain of this group but their descendants and later Neolithic arrivals from the Iberian Peninsula were responsible for major Neolithic sites such as Newgrange .
Northern Ireland is today one of the four countries of the United Kingdom , [ 1 ] [ 2 ] (although it is also described by official sources as a province [ 3 ] or a region [ 4 ] ) situated in the northeast of the island of Ireland , having been created as a separate legal entity on 3 May 1921, under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 . [ 5 ] The new autonomous Northern Ireland was formed from six of the nine counties of Ulster : four counties with unionist majorities, and Fermanagh and Tyrone , two [ 6 ] of the five Ulster counties which had nationalist majorities.
The history of the British Isles has witnessed intermittent periods of competition and cooperation between the people that occupy the various parts of Great Britain , Ireland , and the smaller adjacent islands, which together make up the British Isles .
The Battle of Trafalgar was fought on the 21st of October 1805 off Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coast, between the combined fleets of Spain and France and the Royal Navy.
Scotland was first decisively settled after the end of the last glacial period (in the paleolithic ), roughly 10,000 years ago.
In 1832 Britain reasserts its claim to the Falklands (hardly as yet exercised outside Saunders Island).
The fourteen British Overseas Territories are territories under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom (Britain).
At the end of the Mesolithic time, 4,000 BC, there may have been around 3,000 people in Britain.