Flappers, Vamps And Sweet Young Things. Bright Young Things: The Glittery World Of 1920s Young Society. Vassar Miscellany News 13 April 1917 — Vassar Newspaper Archive. And Sin No More: Social Policy and Unwed Mothers in Cleveland, 1855-1990 - Marian J. Morton. 5. Women in World War One - Propaganda. Professor Jo Fox considers the use of women as symbols, victims and homemakers in World War One propaganda.
Women, awake! ‘Tis yours your men to sway,Bid them beware the confidence they feel.Bid them cast sloth and apathy away:The foe is brave and worthy of our steel. This appeal to the women of Britain by the Imperial Maritime League is redolent of the famous poster convincing potential recruits to enlist: while their loss is keenly felt, mothers, wives, and daughters sanction the departure of their menfolk to the battlefields of Flanders in order to defend their honour and way of life.
Propagandists exerted pressure on prospective volunteers by urging that women and children were under threat and required their protection, as the reports emanating from the occupied territories of rape, torture, and mutilation seemed to confirm. Poster 'Women of Britain say ‘Go!’ ' 'Women of Britain say - “GO! "', a propaganda poster appealing to Britain’s women to ensure their men enlist. National symbols. A History of Women and Work in World War 1.
Perhaps the best known effect on women of World War 1 was the opening up of a vast range of new jobs for them. As men left their old work to fill the need for soldiers – and millions of men were moved away by the main belligerents – women were able, indeed needed, to take their place in the work force. While women were already an important part of the workforce, and no strangers to factories, they were limited in the jobs they were allowed to perform.
However, the extent to which these new opportunities survived the war is debated, and it’s now generally believed that the war didn’t have a huge lasting effect on women’s employment. New Jobs, New Roles In Britain during World War 1 roughly two million women replaced men at their jobs. Few types of jobs were not filled by women by the war’s end. In Russia the quantity of women in industry went up from 26 to 43%, while in Austria a million women joined the workforce. The Case of Germany Regional Variation Wages and Unions. Women and the World of Dime Novels. Full of romance and adventure, dime novels were a variety of melodramatic fiction that was popular in the United States from about 1860 until the early 1900s. Published as cheap paperbacks (most cost only ten cents), they were generally regarded as low-quality fiction.
The characters fought, fell in love, got married, and occasionally killed each other (or sometimes themselves). Women, more often than not, were major characters in these novels. Many of the novels were described as "romances" and featured a hero and heroine struggling against all the odds (or recalcitrant guardians) to get married. Dime novel heroines played leading roles even in the adventure stories and the historical fiction focused on Colonial times or the American Revolution.
These women could be daughters, wives, mistresses, captives, and even experts with firearms. Please explore this exhibit as you see fit. Children in Grammar School Photos, 1916 | witness2fashion. Miss Worthington’s Class, “Low Seventh and High Sixth, August 1916.” Photo courtesy of Remembered Summers. Miss M. L. Roche’s Class, “High Eighth Grade, 1916.” Photo courtesy of Remembered Summers. One difficulty of doing research from old photographs is that we can’t always trust the information written on them.
Remembered Summers found these vintage class photos pasted into an old album that was in poor condition. Depending on the angle of the light, this date is either 1914 or 1917. Photo back: “Low Seventh & High Sixth, August 1916, Miss Worthington’s Class” Some of these children look quite mature (their teachers are also pictured.) Miss Worthington’s Seventh Grade, 1916; left side. Miss Worthington’s Seventh Grade Class, 1916; right side. Miss Roche’s eighth grade class, 1916; left side. Miss Roche’s High Eighth Grade Class, 1916; right side. Many of the girls are wearing stripes and/or the sailor-style overblouse called a “middy.”
Striped dresses, Delineator, 1917 & 1918. Like this: 0584: Vintage Photographs "Baby Doll" & "N.O.Prostitute : Lot 584. Lot 584 0584: Vintage Photographs "Baby Doll" & "N.O.Prostitute View Catalog Description [Storyville/Mardi Gras], Two vintage photographs of possible "Baby Doll" and "New Orleans Prostitute", c. 1920, silver gelatin prints, the latter mounted to a postcard, 5 in. x 3 1/2 in. and 5 1/2 in. x 3 1/2 in., each unframed . Provenance: B. Wolf Photography Collection, New Orleans. The Traffic in Women by Emma Goldman 1910. The Traffic in Women Source: Emma Goldman’s Anarchism and Other Essays. Second Revised Edition. New York & London: Mother Earth Publishing Association, 1911. pp. 183-200. OUR REFORMERS have suddenly made a great discovery – the white slave traffic. The papers are full of these “unheard-of conditions,” and lawmakers are already planning a new set of laws to check the horror.
It is significant that whenever the public mind is to be diverted from a great social wrong, a crusade is inaugurated against indecency, gambling, saloons, etc. How is it that an institution, known almost to every child, should have been discovered so suddenly? To assume that the recent investigation of the white slave traffic (and, by the way, a very superficial investigation) has discovered anything new, is, to say the least, very foolish. Only when human sorrows are turned into a toy with glaring colors will baby people become interested – for a while at least. What is really the cause of the trade in women? Dr. Their Sisters' Keepers. Preferred Citation: Hill, Marilynn Wood. Their Sisters' Keepers: Prostitution in New York City, 1830-1870. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. To John, Shannon, and Allison In the course of this study I have received assistance from many individuals.
Other individuals have contributed to this study in measurable and immeasurable ways. . ― xiv ― poorly focused photographic negatives of crumbling newspapers into prints from which I could work. I have appreciated the comments of several individuals who read and criticized drafts of the manuscript: George Calcott, J. The person most instrumental in causing this study to happen is my graduate adviser and mentor, David Grimsted.
And finally, to Allison and Shannon who "grew up" with my study of prostitution, and to John who says he "grew old" with my study of prostitution, I dedicate this book. This book is a study of the life and work of prostitutes in New York City between 1830 and 1870. Women and Fashions of the Early 20th Century - World War I Era - Clothing of 1914 - 1920. During the war, as men went off to fight, women took on jobs formerly filled by men. Women and girls who previously worked as domestic servants took on jobs in munitions factories, performed administrative work, took work as drivers, nurses, and farm workers. They volunteered for organizations like the Red Cross, and joined the military. Many of the occupations demanded the wearing of uniforms, including trousers.
A military look crept into fashion designs as well with military style tunic jackets, belts, and epaulets. A new image of freedom and self respect led women away from traditional gender roles. They drove cars and demanded the right to vote. Before the war, Paris led the world of fashion. During World War I, people took to a plainer lifestyle. Flapper. A flapper onboard ship (1929) Flappers were a "new breed" of young Western women in the 1920s who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles, and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms. Flappers had their origins in the liberal period of the Roaring Twenties, the social, political turbulence and increased transatlantic cultural exchange that followed the end of World War I, as well as the export of American jazz culture to Europe.
Etymology The slang word flapper, describing a young woman, is sometimes supposed to refer to a young bird flapping its wings while learning to fly. By 1920, the term had taken on the full meaning of the flapper generation style and attitudes. Evolution of the image Writers in the United States such as F. Behavior Young and Brave: Girls Changing History. Belle Boyd’s Civil War spying was so notorious that she was a celebrity at age 18. Belle Boyd, born on May 9, 1844, is one of the most famous of female spies and has been called the “Cleopatra of the Secession.” Her parents, Benjamin Reed Boyd and Mary Rebecca Glenn Boyd, named her “Isabelle,” but she shortened her name to “Belle.” She grew up in Martinsburg, Virginia (later West Virginia), which was one of the first towns to fall to Union forces during the Civil War. Her family was affluent enough to send her to school at the Mount Washington Female College of Baltimore at age 12. After graduating at 16, she moved back to Martinsburg, which fell to the Union the next year, on July 3, 1861.
Her career in espionage began shortly thereafter: when a Union soldier invaded their home and assaulted her mother, Belle fatally shot him. On July 29, 1862, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton personally issued a warrant for her arrest. The Hazards of Helen and women of the Silent Film Era. As the film industry matured in the early 1900s, the silent film industry attracted a number of women to the business. Many of these new female actors and writers came out of the theater where the work environment was egalitarian. In the years before World War I and shortly after, there were a number of popular actresses who gained enough clout to become film producers, directors or start their own film production companies. Mary Pickford was an excellent example of a popular film star who became a film producer and was a founding member of United Artists. Because of her status, Pickford was able to dictate the distribution of her film projects.
As women gained political rights and expanded their role into the public, the silent film industry reflected these changes by presenting strong women characters, such as in series the Hazards of Helen. During the progressive era, is was quite normal to see a number of films turning the tables on the Victorian status quo. To Learn More See: Flappers and the Roaring 20's - www. Flappers were a so-called new style of Western woman, and the term “flapper” was invented to describe this so-called new breed. Initiated in the 1920s, the term “flapper” described women who flamboyantly flouted their contempt for what was back then deemed as societal behavior that was conventional.
Flappers were women who were characterized by their choice of bobbed hair, short skirts, and their enjoyment of jazz music. They were branded as brash for their enjoyment of casual sex, drinking, immoderate makeup, driving cars and smoking. The origins of flappers, ideologically, were seen as being rooted in liberalism. There is debate over what the etymology of the word “flapper” really is. Some sources believe that it is merely a reference to a young bird that is just learning to fly for the first time and so flaps its wings.
After World War I, the flapper generally represented a lewd and disreputable woman who consistently flouted the conventions of society at the time of the 1920s. 1920′s Womens Fashion. Cosmetics of any kind, especially rouge, lip Sticks, and powder, if used, should be of excellent quality in order to be safe. And by excellent quality I mean the kinds that are manufactured by reputable firms and indorsed in advertisements by leading magazines. There is danger in cheap powder because of the metallic substance used for its foundation. More expensive powders, those with rice as their base, dust off more easily than do the cheaper grades. If you feel that the standard brands are too expensive for you, purchase toilet rice flour. It comes in packages, the same as powder, and is usually unscented, but it gives a fresh, clean appearing surface and is not injurious.
There are several colors of face powders: white, flesh, pink, brunette, and tan. The natural color of the Anglo-Saxon is a soft, creamy color, with a noticeable flush on cheeks and lips. For the brunette with a creamy complexion, flesh-colored powder is preferred. Women in WWI.