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Pythagorean mysticism influenced Christianity. Hellenistic philosophy and Christianity refers to the complex interaction between Hellenistic philosophy and early Christianity during the first four centuries AD.
In Greek mythology , Persephone ( pronunciation: / p ər ˈ s ɛ f ə n iː / , per- SEH -fə-nee ; Greek : Περσεφόνη ), also called Kore ( / ˈ k ɔər iː / ; "the maiden"), [ 1 ] is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest-goddess Demeter , and queen of the underworld . Homer describes her as the formidable, venerable majestic queen of the shades , who carries into effect the curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Persephone was abducted by Hades , the god-king of the underworld. [ 2 ] The myth of her abduction represents her function as the personification of vegetation which shoots forth in spring and withdraws into the earth after harvest; hence she is also associated with spring and with the seeds of the fruits of the fields.
In Greek mythology , Hippolyta , Hippoliyte , or Hippolyte (Ἱππολύτη) was the Amazonian queen who possessed a magical girdle she was given by her father Ares , the god of war. The girdle was a waist belt that signified her authority as queen of the Amazons.
Dionysus pron.: / d aɪ . ə ˈ n aɪ s ə s / ( Ancient Greek : Διόνυσος , Dionysos ) was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine , of ritual madness and ecstasy in Greek mythology . His name in Linear B tablets shows he was worshipped from c. 1500—1100 BC by Mycenean Greeks : other traces of Dionysian-type cult have been found in ancient Minoan Crete . [ 2 ] His origins are uncertain, and his cults took many forms; some are described by ancient sources as Thracian, others as Greek. [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] In some cults, he arrives from the east, as an Asiatic foreigner; in others, from Ethiopia in the South.
See Western esotericism for modern "mystery religions" in the Western cultural sphere.
In ancient Greek religion and myth , Demeter ( / d i ˈ m iː t ər / ; Attic Δημήτηρ Dēmētēr . Doric Δαμάτηρ Dāmātēr ) is the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains and the fertility of the earth. Her cult titles include Sito ( σίτος : wheat) as the giver of food or corn/grain [ 1 ] and Thesmophoros ( θεσμός , thesmos : divine order, unwritten law) as a mark of the civilized existence of agricultural society. [ 2 ]
A Magic carpet was a legendary carpet that could allegedly be used to transport persons who were on it instantaneously or swiftly to their destination. Folklore (or lore ) consists of legends , music , oral history , proverbs , jokes , popular beliefs , fairy tales , stories , tall tales , and customs that are the traditions of a culture, subculture , or group .
Fled Bricrenn ( Old Irish " Bricriu 's Feast") is a story from the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology . Bricriu, an inveterate troublemaker, invites the nobles of the Ulaid to a feast at his new house at Dún Rudraige ( Dundrum, County Down ), where he incites three heroes, Cúchulainn , Conall Cernach , and Lóegaire Búadach , to compete for the " champion's portion " of the feast. The three heroes perform several feats, and travel to Connacht to be judged by Ailill and Medb , and to Munster to be judged by Cú Roí , and on each occasion Cúchulainn is proclaimed champion, but the other two refuse to accept it.
Celtic mythology is the mythology of Celtic polytheism , the religion of the Iron Age Celts . [ 1 ] Like other Iron Age Europeans, the early Celts maintained a polytheistic mythology and religious structure. Among Celts in close contact with Ancient Rome , such as the Gauls and Celtiberians , their mythology did not survive the Roman empire , their subsequent conversion to Christianity , and the loss of their Celtic languages .
A girdle is a garment that encircles the lower torso , perhaps extending below the hips , and worn often for support. The word girdle originally meant a belt.
The original Gawain manuscript, Cotton Nero A.x.. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a late 14th-century Middle English alliterative romance . It is one of the better-known Arthurian stories, of an established type known as the "beheading game".
The study of Jesus Christ in comparative mythology is the examination of the narrative of the life of Jesus in the Christian gospels , traditions and theology , as it relates to Christian mythology and other religions. For over a century, various authors have drawn a number of parallels between the Christian views of Jesus and other religious or mythical domains. [ 1 ] These include Greco-Roman mysteries , ancient Egyptian myths , and more general analogies involving cross-cultural patterns of dying and rising gods in the context of Jesus myth theory . [ 2 ]
Chthonic ( pron.: / ˈ k θ ɒ n ɪ k / , from Greek χθόνιος – chthonios , "in, under, or beneath the earth", from χθών – chthōn "earth"; [ 1 ] pertaining to the Earth; earthy; subterranean) designates, or pertains to, deities or spirits of the underworld , especially in relation to Greek religion . The Greek word khthon is one of several for "earth"; it typically refers to the interior of the soil, rather than the living surface of the land (as Gaia or Ge does) or the land as territory (as khora (χώρα) does). It evokes at once abundance and the grave .