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(honorary) doctorates & devaluation academic standards

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Conflict of interest. The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of impropriety.

Conflict of interest

Therefore, a conflict of interest can be discovered and voluntarily defused before any corruption occurs. A widely used definition is: "A conflict of interest is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgement or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest. "[1] Primary interest refers to the principal goals of the profession or activity, such as the protection of clients, the health of patients, the integrity of research, and the duties of public office. Secondary interest includes not only financial gain but also such motives as the desire for professional advancement and the wish to do favours for family and friends, but conflict of interest rules usually focus on financial relationships because they are relatively more objective, fungible, and quantifiable.

Cronyism. Cronyism is partiality to long-standing friends, especially by appointing them to positions of authority, regardless of their qualifications.

Cronyism

Hence, cronyism is contrary in practice and principle to meritocracy. Cronyism exists when the appointer and the beneficiary are in social contact. Often, the appointer is inadequate to hold his or her own job or position of authority, and for this reason the appointer appoints individuals who will not try to weaken him or her, or express views contrary to those of the appointer. Politically, "cronyism" is derogatorily used.[1] Etymology[edit] The word "crony" first appeared in 18th century London, according to the Oxford English Dictionary to be derived from the Greek word chronios (χρόνιος), meaning "long-term".[2] Concept[edit] In the private sector, cronyism exists in organizations, often termed "the old boys club" or "the golden circle", again the boundary between cronyism and "networking" is difficult to delineate.[5]

As form of nepotism; NOT on basis of scientific merites

Nepotism. Nepotism is favoritism granted in politics or business to relatives.

Nepotism

The term originated with the assignment of nephews to cardinal positions by Catholic popes and bishops. Nepotism is found in the fields of politics, entertainment, business and religion. Origins[edit] The term comes from Italian word nepotismo,[1][2] which is based on Latin root nepos meaning nephew.[3] In the Middle Ages some Catholic popes and bishops, who had taken vows of chastity, and therefore usually had no legitimate offspring of their own, gave their nephews such positions of preference as were often accorded by fathers to son.[4] Paul also engaged in nepotism, appointing, for instance, two nephews, aged 14 and 16, as cardinals.

Trek eredoctoraat Winnie Mandela in! Geen eredoctoraat politicus - Archief. Dolly Parton? Michelle Obama? Who should get an honorary degree? Posted at 3:22 PM ET, 10/22/2009 By Valerie Strauss First Lady Michelle Obama is eligible to receive an honorary degree from George Washington University, the student newspaper reports today, because the Board of Trustees just approved her.

Dolly Parton? Michelle Obama? Who should get an honorary degree?

It is not yet clear that she will receive a degree, but The Hatchet quotes a school official saying that he expects her to get one in the spring, especially if she agrees to deliver the commencement address. That would certainly be a coup for GWU. Honorary degrees are given by colleges and universities at their commencement ceremonies, though the selection process can take months. The degrees are said to honor someone’s work in their own field. The Answer Sheet wonders, though, if it is a way for some schools to get famous people to attend their graduation ceremonies.

Meanwhile some students say they think that honorary degrees devalue the degree they have worked--and paid--to receive. Celebrity honorary degrees - fair or about showbusiness? 30 July 2012Last updated at 03:18 ET By Gemma Ryall BBC Wales Broadcaster Fiona Phillips, rugby player Martyn Williams and comedian, writer and presenter Stephen Fry are honorary fellows at Cardiff University They are a time for students to celebrate gaining a degree after years of hard work - but graduation ceremonies are also an arena for universities to showcase some of the famous names who have been awarded honorary fellowships and degrees.

Celebrity honorary degrees - fair or about showbusiness?

In Wales this year for instance, Aberystwyth gave honorary fellowships to Alex Jones, presenter of the BBC's The One Show, Hollywood actor Michael Sheen and the Times columnist, novelist and prolific tweeter Caitlin Moran. On Cardiff University's roll of honorary fellows are Stephen Fry and TV presenters Fiona Phillips and Carol Vorderman. Continue reading the main story. A Doctorate for Mike Tyson. Celebrities Who Received Honorary Doctorates. Why do celebrities get honorary degrees? Should the news that Sex in the City actress Kim Cattrall and Pirates of the Caribbean actor Orlando Bloom have donned funny hats and gowns to collect honorary degrees this week give pause for thought?

Why do celebrities get honorary degrees?

Cattrall flew over specially from Canada to receive her honorary degree from John Moores University in Liverpool where she grew up. For Bloom it was also a return to his roots when he turned up for a presentation at the University of Kent. And yesterday we learned that three golfers – Padraig Harrington, Arnold Palmer and Tom Watson – received honorary degrees from, appropriately, the University of St Andrews. Redactioneel. Eredoctor Rector magnificus prof.dr.

Redactioneel

Willem Hendrik Gispen kreeg afgelopen maandag een eredoctoraat in Moskou. Eerder al werd hem er eentje verleend in New York. Ublad redactioneel eredoctoraat. FreezePage: Ublad redactioneel. Schreef. Juan Carlos De zonovergoten werkkamer van koning Juan Carlos de Borbon y Borbon in Madrid.

Schreef

Terwijl de sympathieke monarch met een gietertje de cornulla op de hoek van zijn burallo besproeit, geeft de werkster de 30 ingelijste eredoctoraten aan de muur een poetsbeurt. Dan gaat de telefoon. "Met Juan Carlos, koning van Hispanien. " "Dag majesteit. Een marketingtool of een historische kostuumfilm? Ublad Een marketingtool of een historische kostuumfilm? FreezePage: eredoctoraat als marketingtool. Schreef. Eredoctor De zonovergoten studeerkamer van componist Ton Koopman.

Schreef

Terwijl de kanarievogel van de succesvolle Nederlandse toondichter een deuntje van de goede oude Bach neuriet, corrigeert de meastro achter zijn bureau een van de vele meesterwerkjes van de Leipziger veelschrijver. Dan gaat de telefoon. "Met Johann Sebast.... eh pardon, met Koopman. " "Dag meneer Koopman. "Nou even dan, mevrouw Otten, want ik heb het druk. "Ach ja, de Markus. Poolse minister komt kappa ophalen. Poolse minister komt kappa ophalen Zo moet het ongeveer gegaan zijn: "Zeg", zei Jozias van Aartsen tijdens een overleg van Europese ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken tegen zijn Poolse collega Bronislaw Geremek.

Poolse minister komt kappa ophalen

"Ben jij indertijd niet in Utrecht tot eredoctor benoemd? " Geremek knikte met een melancholieke blik in zijn ogen. "Dat was in 1986", antwoordde hij, "samen met Winnie Mandela. Alleen, ik was er zelf niet bij. Ublad Poolse minister komt kappa ophalen. FreezePage: Poolse minister komt kappa ophalen. FreezePage. Broadcast Yourself. S_aartje : Charlatan #Stapel verdient... Prins Pils opent RUG feestje en krijgt penning uitgereikt - Groninger Studentenkrant. Catalogus Penning Rijksuniversiteit Groningen - Ubbo Emmiuspenning, 1999, maatschappelijke verdienste, voorzijde. Wat is een doctorstitel nog waard? Daar sta je dan. Na jaren van diepgravend onderzoek, nachtelijke arbeid en een verwaarloosd sociaal leven kun je eindelijk je proefschrift verdedigen. Na de succesvolle verdediging krijg je een prachtig getuigschrift mee en mag je jezelf “doctor” noemen en “dr.” voor je naam plaatsen. De titel “doctor” wordt beschermd door de Wet op het hoger onderwijs en wetenschappelijk onderzoek (artikel 7.22) en het Wetboek van Strafrecht (artikel 435).

Wie zonder daartoe gerechtigd te zijn deze titel voert, kan worden veroordeeld tot een geldboete van maximaal 3.700 euro.

Binali Yıldırım - TU Berlin

Hirsi Ali. UvA - Louis van Gasteren.