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Brésil et déforestation de l'Amazonie

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Dilma determina fim da desapropriação de terras agrícolas para criação de reservas indígenas - Notícias Agrícolas. Measure on Amazon sugar cultivation gains in Brazil Congress. A bill that would allow increased sugar cultivation in the Amazon region has passed a key senate committee, in what activists decried as a major environmental setback.

Measure on Amazon sugar cultivation gains in Brazil Congress

Senado aprova plantio de cana-de-açúcar em áreas de Cerrado e da Amazônia Legal - Agricultura. No-win situation for agricultural expansion in the Amazon. The large-scale expansion of agriculture in the Amazon through deforestation will be a no-win scenario, according to a new study.

No-win situation for agricultural expansion in the Amazon

Published today, 10 May, in IOP Publishing's journal Environmental Research Letters, it shows that deforestation will not only reduce the capacity of the Amazon's natural carbon sink, but will also inflict climate feedbacks that will decrease the productivity of pasture and soybeans. The researchers used model simulations to assess how the agricultural yield of the Amazon would be affected under two different land-use scenarios: a business-as-usual scenario where recent deforestation trends continue and new protected areas are not created; and a governance scenario which assumes Brazilian environmental legislation is implemented. BrasilAgro flags buoyancy of Brazil land market. Drought deepens Brazils north-south faming divide. Farm operators and officials flagged a north-south divide in Brazil's farm fortunes which is seeing states in the once-fashionable Mapitoba region miss out on the strong yields being enjoyed by other area.

Drought deepens Brazils north-south faming divide

Conab, the Brazilian crop bureau, in a report trimming its estimate for Brazilian soybean crop by 400,000 tonnes to 81.5m tonnes, flagged the "negative highlight" of the crops in the north east of the country. "In particular, the region of Matopiba," or Mapitoba – formed of the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Tocantins and Bahia, and indeed representing an acronym of their first two letters combined - had been "severely affected by drought", Conab said. Soybean yields in Bahia were seen tumbling 27%, and in Piauí by 31%, in sharp contrast to the national average of a 10.9% increase, and making the states the country's least productive. 'Severe drought' Yield downgrade. Dams in the Amazon: The rights and wrongs of Belo Monte. Brasil, asalto a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. En una nota publicada por la Conferencia Episcopal Brasileña, los prelados afirman que, "siendo de orden técnico, el asunto exige estudios antropológicos, etnohistóricos y cartográficos" Enviado por: ECOticias.com / Red / Agencias, 25/04/2013, 07:55 h | (128) veces leída Los obispos de Brasil se oponen a que se transfieran del poder ejecutivo al legislativo las competencias sobre la delimitación de las tierras de los pueblos indígenas y descendientes de esclavos tal y como recoge la Propuesta de Enmienda Constitucional que consideran "un asalto a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas".

Brasil, asalto a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas

Deep, permeable soils buffer impacts of crop fertilizer on Amazon streams. The often damaging impacts of intensive agriculture on nearby streams, rivers, and their wildlife has been well documented in temperate zones, such as North America and Europe.

Deep, permeable soils buffer impacts of crop fertilizer on Amazon streams

Yet a new study in an important tropical zone -- the fast-changing southern Amazon, a region marked by widespread replacement of native forest by cattle ranches and more recently croplands -- suggests that at least some of those damaging impacts may be buffered by the very deep and highly permeable soils that characterize large areas of the expanding cropland.

The study, led by Christopher Neill, director of the Ecosystems Center at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), is published this week in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Brazil - The Nature Conservancy, Walmart Brazil, Marfrig Group and ranchers join forces. The Nature Conservancy, Walmart Brazil, Marfrig Group and ranchers join forces to promote sustainable cattle production in the Amazon region Value chain will work together to implement social and environmental best practices and improve beef tracking from the pasture to the supermarket Important organizations related to the meat production chain have joined forces to spread social and environmental best practices in cattle production activities in the Brazilian Amazon Region.

Brazil - The Nature Conservancy, Walmart Brazil, Marfrig Group and ranchers join forces

The Nature Conservancy (TNC), a leading conservation organization, Marfrig Group, one of the world’s largest food producers, and Walmart Brazil, the world’s leading retailer, will provide technical resources to promote compliance with environmental legislation and expand responsible production among ranchers operating in the municipalities of São Félix do Xingu and Tucumã, located in southeastern Pará, a state in Brazil’s North Region. Improvements from end to end. Rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/368/1619.toc.pdf. Ecology, economy and management of an agroindustrial frontier landscape in the southeast Amazon.

For development in Brazil, two crops are better than one. SUINO.COM - Ações não foram suficientes para estabilizar desmatamento em Mato Grosso. Ações de combate ao desmatamento não foram suficientes para consolidar a redução dos índices nos últimos anos, em Mato Grosso.

SUINO.COM - Ações não foram suficientes para estabilizar desmatamento em Mato Grosso

Entre 2009 e 2012 o desmate na Floresta Amazônica sofreu oscilações. O comportamento ficou aquém do esperado e traçado pelo Plano de Prevenção e Controle do Desmatamento e das Queimadas (PPCDQ-MT), que visa ainda promover a redução do desmatamento em até 80% até 2020. Brazil urged to stop invading indigenous lands. A rights group accused Brazilian authorities Thursday of ignoring a deadline set by a federal judge to evict all invaders from the Amazon heartland of the threatened Awa tribe.

Brazil urged to stop invading indigenous lands

London-based Survival International said the Awa, which it describes as "Earth's most threatened tribe," are "at extreme risk of extinction as the authorities have taken no action to stop illegal loggers and settlers from destroying their forest. " It noted that federal Judge Jirair Aram Meguerian ordered all the loggers and settlers removed from Awa lands in the eastern Amazon forests by the end of March. "But the deadline has passed and not a single person has been evicted," said Survival, a leading advocate for tribal peoples' rights worldwide. Over 30 percent of one of the Awa's territories are said to have already been deforested. Forest ecology: Splinters of the Amazon.

Thomas E.

Forest ecology: Splinters of the Amazon

Lovejoy, a member of the Wilson Center’s Brazil Institute Advisory Board, has his work and legacy on the Amazon forest research featured in a four-page article in the latest edition of Nature magazine. Brazil's indigenous protest to defend ancestral lands. Brazil sugarcane farms could impact local climate. Conversion of large swaths of Brazilian land for sugar plantations will help the country meet its needs for producing cane-derived ethanol but it also could lead to important regional climate effects, according to a team of researchers from Arizona State University, Stanford University and the Carnegie Institution for Science.

Brazil sugarcane farms could impact local climate

Amazon faces renewed risk from cattle. More cows, fewer trees. Photo: Reuters Rising foreign demand for beef and soybeans will tempt Brazil to clear more of the Amazon rainforest, in a reversal of recent success in slowing forest losses, a study said on Thursday. About 30 per cent of deforestation in Brazil in the decade to 2010 was due to farmers and ranchers seeking land to expand export production of beef and soybeans, against about 20 per cent in the 1990s, the report said.

"Trade is emerging as a key driver of deforestation in Brazil," according to experts at the Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo (Cicero). "This may indirectly contribute to loss of the forests that industrialized countries are seeking to protect through international agreements," they wrote in the journal Environmental Research Letters. Advertisement.

Blood in the Amazon - Inside Story Americas. Jose Claudio Ribeira and his wife Maria do Espirto Santo dedicated their lives to protecting the Amazon and developing a way to live sustainably off the land, but their campaign against loggers and ranchers made them prime targets. Their murder two years ago captured headlines around their world, but their story is far from unique. A report released last year by the environmental advocacy group Global Witness, found that between 2002 and 2011 more than 300 environment activists have been killed in Brazil, and it is very rare that anyone is held accountable.

According to the report, Brazil has the highest rates of killings of environmental activists. La deforestación en la Amazonía. El pasado jueves, el Gobierno brasileño hizo públicas las estimaciones de deforestación del periodo agosto 2012-febrero 2013. Los nuevos datos (1) Enviado por: ECOticias.com / Red / Agencias, 03/04/2013, 08:09 h | (708) veces leída El aumento, de más del 26% según los datos oficiales, acaba con casi diez años de retroceso de la deforestación. La organización ecologista relaciona este cambio de tendencia con la desprotección de la Amazonía tras la reforma del Código Forestal.

El pasado jueves, el Gobierno brasileño hizo públicas las estimaciones de deforestación del periodo agosto 2012-febrero 2013.

Conservation Refugees. Many evictions have been brutal, with little or no warning. Communities who once hunted, gathered, grazed livestock and farmed inside an area find themselves squatting on the outside, branded as poachers or criminals if they venture inside. A statement from the Indigenous peoples’ Forum at an international conference in 2004 summed this up: ‘First we were dispossessed in the name of kings and emperors, later in the name of state development, and now in the name of conservation.’

Impacts of evictions Communities are just as badly affected whether they lose their land to conservation projects, or other ‘developments’ such as mines and dams. Reduse.