What Is Blended Learning? - Mindflash. Blended learning is a term increasingly used to describe the way e-learning is being combined with traditional classroom methods and independent study to create a new, hybrid teaching methodology. It represents a much greater change in basic technique than simply adding computers to classrooms; it represents, in many cases, a fundamental change in the way teachers and students approach the learning experience. It has already produced an offshoot – the flipped classroom – that has quickly become a distinct approach of its own. No single, reliable definition of blended learning exists, or even a universal agreement on the term itself. Many use terms like hybrid, mixed, or integrative to describe the same trend.
But the trend is significant. A learning model in three parts There is a general consensus among education innovators that blended learning has three primary components: Blended learning redefining teaching roles Image used under Creative Commons by Flickr user Sarah M Stewart. Blended Learning Definitions. The definition of blended learning is a formal education program in which a student learns: at least in part through online learning, with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace;at least in part in a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home;and the modalities along each student’s learning path within a course or subject are connected to provide an integrated learning experience.
The majority of blended-learning programs resemble one of four models: Rotation, Flex, A La Carte, and Enriched Virtual. The Rotation model includes four sub-models: Station Rotation, Lab Rotation, Flipped Classroom, and Individual Rotation. 1. Rotation model — a course or subject in which students rotate on a ﬁxed schedule or at the teacher’s discretion between learning modalities, at least one of which is online learning.
A. Station Rotation — a course or subject in which students experience the Rotation model within a contained classroom or group of classrooms. B. C. D. Tinyan Akin Omoyajowo Barking and Dagenham Poster FINAL. Literacy Numeracy Strategy UNDER REVIEW. 64 Embedding LLN. Effective Practices in Post 16 Vocational Maths v4 0. InvestigationsInUniversityTeachingAndLearning v8 p11 17. Doc 2977. Ways of Motivating EFL/ ESL Students in the Classroom. 4. Closing%20the%20attainment%20gap%20in%20North%20Yorkshire. Untitled. Ofsted’s 2012 report ‘Made to Measure’ suggests that although manipulatives are used in some primary schools to support teaching and learning they are not used as effectively or as widely as they might be.
This article explores some research into their use and offers some suggestions about how using practical apparatus can support children’s mathematical thinking, reasoning and problem solving. Jenni draws on her own experiences of observing the use of manipulatives in Hungarian classrooms and makes links to some rich tasks from the website. Introduction I have spent a lot of the last year working with teachers and children on how best to teach arithmetic concepts and procedures to children in primary schools. So what does the research say about the ways in which practical apparatus and images are used? What exactly are manipulatives and how are they used? The history of the use of manipulatives in the classroom goes back over fifty years. My Hungarian research bears this out. References. Manipulatives in the Primary Classroom : nrich.maths.org. Sport Basic Skills Toolkit.
Constructivism in learning. Constructivism is the label given to a set of theories about learning which fall somewhere between cognitive and humanistic views. If behaviourism treats the organism as a black box, cognitive theory recognises the importance of the mind in making sense of the material with which it is presented. Nevertheless, it still presupposes that the role of the learner is primarily to assimilate whatever the teacher presents. Constructivism — particularly in its "social" forms — suggests that the learner is much more actively involved in a joint enterprise with the teacher of creating ("constructing") new meanings. We can distinguish between "cognitive constructivism" which is about how the individual learner understands things, in terms of developmental stages and learning styles, and "social constructivism", which emphasises how meanings and understandings grow out of social encounters—see Vygotsky below.
In this sense, conversational theories of learning fit into the constructivist framework. Constructivism - Learning Theories. Summary: Constructivism as a paradigm or worldview posits that learning is an active, constructive process. The learner is an information constructor. People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality. New information is linked to to prior knowledge, thus mental representations are subjective. Originators and important contributors: Vygotsky, Piaget, Dewey, Vico, Rorty, Bruner Keywords: Learning as experience, activity and dialogical process; Problem Based Learning (PBL); Anchored instruction; Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD); cognitive apprenticeship (scaffolding); inquiry and discovery learning.
Constructivism A reaction to didactic approaches such as behaviorism and programmed instruction, constructivism states that learning is an active, contextualized process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it. Vygotsky’s social development theory is one of the foundations for constructivism. Constructivism - Learning Theories. Learning Theories. One of the key issues to look at when examining any Learning Theory is Transfer of Learning. Indeed, this is such an important idea, that it is a field of research in its own right. Researchers and practitioners in this field work to understand how to increase transfer of learning -- how to teach for transfer. Introduction Constructivism Situated Learning Transfer of Learning General Learning Theory References Top of Page Introduction The intent of this Website is to help support the work of IT in education materials and users of such materials.
There are many additional different learning theories related to use of IT in education include: Anchored Instruction (John Bransford). Funderstanding: About Learning [Online]. Funderstanding: About Learning. Constructivism The following definition is quoted from the Website: psparks/theorists/501const.htm. References on Constructivism College of Education, University of Denver, Constructivism Site [Online]. What We Know about the Learning Process. The convergence of intelligence theories and learning theories suggests similar methods for more effective teaching and learning. For instance, if we accept Gardner’s theory that the mind’s capacity for learning is much broader than traditionally assumed, we can probably go along with Kolb’s assertion that individuals have a natural ability to learn through a variety of methods. We can further conclude from the studies of Caine and Caine that connectedness is a key to effective learning.
The following summary statements about effective learning are a distillation of the theories of intelligence and learning these researchers champion: Most people learn best in a concrete manner involving personal participation, physical or hands-on activities, and opportunities for personal discovery. Learning is greatly enhanced when concepts are presented in the context of relationships that are familiar to the student. Reflect 6. Doc 3188. Ensuring effective use of technology in education. According to a new study by the education technology company Instructure, U.S. educators are very concerned about technology’s potential for distraction in the classroom.
The survey, which polled 650 U.S. educators, also found a general optimism about technology’s impact on improving learning outcomes, increasing access to education, and making its delivery more efficient for teachers and students. While technology being a distraction is cited as a pressing concern, very few teachers have outright bans on personal technology in the classroom—this suggests that educators think the benefits of technology in learning outweigh the tradeoffs.
The study also questioned educators about their personal opinions and habits regarding technology, and includes their rankings of the most effective technology tools in the learning process. Additionally, educators were asked to rank their biggest technology concerns now and outline what they saw as the biggest concerns five years from now.
Summary. Contextual Learning Definition - Center for Occupational Research and Development. What is the best way to teach so that all students can use and retain information? How can a teacher communicate effectively with students who wonder about the relevance of what they study? These are the challenges teachers face every day—the challenges that a curriculum and an instructional approach based on contextual learning can help them successfully address. Many students have a difficult time understanding academic concepts (such as math concepts) as they are commonly taught (that is, using an abstract, lecture method), but they desperately need to understand the concepts as they relate to the workplace and to the larger society in which they will live and work.
Traditionally, students have been expected to make these connections on their own, outside the classroom. Contextualized learning is a proven concept that incorporates the most recent research in cognitive science. Facilitating learning contextualization working paper. ContextualLearninginAdultEducation. Embedding LLN Starter Kit | Excellence Gateway - Toolkits. The aim of the Embedding LLN Starter Kit is to provide support and guidance on the embedding of LLN for less experienced providers. It aims to support developments that will improve the quality of your embedded LLN offer and improve learner success.
Although the terminology has now changed and the focus is now on 'English' and 'maths' the guidance on literacy and numeracy is still as relevant to the 'new' subjects. It is just as important to embed English and maths today as it was with the Skills for Life programme. Embedded teaching and learning combines the development of literacy, language and numeracy with vocational and other skills. The kit links providers to useful resources and guidance, which will help those new to embedding LLN take the steps needed to get started. What is meant by embedding LLN? Continuing Professional Development (CPD) modules are identified within the starter kit. The kit has five sections highlighting steps needed to develop provision.
Embedded and Contextualised Learning | Excellence Gateway - Toolkits. There has been much discussion in recent years of the value of offering embedded or contextualised learning. These types of programmes might be appropriate for people with a 'fear' of tackling their skills gaps, since any learning will be 'hidden' in another programme of learning, or use an entirely different subject area to motivate and engage people. A few examples might serve to illustrate this: Embedded Learning The Embedding LLN Starter Kit contains more information on embedding.
It gives the following clear definition: Embedded teaching and learning combines the development of literacy, language and numeracy with vocational and other skills. For example, trainees on Catering, Hairdressing or Motor Vehicle Maintenance courses might be asked to do the following: Embedded programmes will usually have a dual qualification aim – one vocational or work-related, the other in language, literacy or numeracy.
Contextualised Learning For example: CET: Teaching & Learning: Teaching Students How to Learn: Contextual Learning. Contextual learning occurs when teachers relate subject matter to real world situations. Students are motivated to make connections between knowledge and its applications to their lives as family members, citizens, and workers. This concept is not new: The application of contextual learning was first proposed (at the turn of the 20th century) by John Dewey who advocated a curriculum and a teaching methodology tied to the child's experiences and interests. Dewey deplored the separation of education into mind and body, and of school programs into academic and occupational tracks.
Strategies for Contextual Teaching and Learning: For information about Contextual Learning as an instructional methodology, see: Ed journals 14.