Official Website of The National Wallace Monument, Stirling, Scotland : William Wallace. Over 700 years ago… …tyranny and terror were the tools being used by England to rule Scotland. Occupied and oppressed, the Scottish nation sought a hero to challenge the cruelty of King Edward I. Someone to take the campaign for freedom into battle, and on to victory. When the two countries faced each other at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, Scotland was led to victory by a figure destined to become a national hero - William Wallace. Sir William Wallace - a hero of Scotland and a true patriot, had a burning desire for peace and freedom which united the country’s clans, gained the loyalty of its people, struck fear into his enemies and defied the cruel hand of an evil, warring and invading King - Edward I of England.
All the drama of Wallace’s campaign for freedom is captured at the world-famous National Wallace Monument - proudly standing on the Abbey Craig, overlooking the city of Stirling. Wallace Monument Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland. Completed in 1869 after eight years' construction, the 220 feet high Wallace Monument sits prominently on the Abbey Craig two miles north of the city of Stirling itself.
It was from this prominent hilltop in 1297 that William Wallace watched the English army approach across Stirling Bridge before leading the Scots into the battle of the same name: and victory (see our Historical Timeline). A fitting, and striking, location for the national monument to a national hero. Visitors to the Wallace Monument leave their cars at the foot of Abbey Craig, which they then climb to reach the foot of the monument. A minibus service is also available from the Pavilion Visitor Centre next to the car park.
In the entrance foyer of the Monument itself there is a display about Sir William Wallace and about the construction of the Monument. If you pause here you learn that it cost in excess of £10,000: all funded by subscriptions. 64 more steps will bring you to Level 2 and the Hall of Heroes. William Wallace. Sir William Wallace (Medieval Gaelic: Uilliam Uallas; modern Scottish Gaelic: Uilleam Uallas; Norman French: William le Waleys; died 23 August 1305) was a Scottish landowner who became one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence. Background Statue of Wallace at Edinburgh Castle Political crisis in Scotland Coronation of Alexander When Wallace was growing up, King Alexander III ruled Scotland.
The heir to the throne was Alexander's granddaughter, Margaret, Maid of Norway. With Scotland threatening to descend into civil war, King Edward I of England was invited in by the Scottish nobility to arbitrate. Silent years prior to the Wars of Independence Wallace depicted in a children's history book from 1906 Some historians, such as Andrew Fisher, believe Wallace must have had some earlier military experience in order to lead a successful military campaign in 1297.
The start of the uprising Wallace statue by D. Battle of Stirling Bridge The later Stirling Bridge. Scots Independence Tour -Sir William Wallace. Born between 1260 and 1278 Murdered - 23 August 1305 Tradition has long believed that William Wallace was born in Elderslie, Renfrewshire, although contemporary research would indicate that he may well have been born at Ellerslie, in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire. The son of Sir Malcolm Wallace and Margaret Craufurd he was a popular figure who led guerilla fighters against the forces of English occupation, and had his greatest victory on 11 September 1297 at Stirling Bridge. Much has been said and written about Sir William Wallace and the release in 1995 of the film Braveheart. Some of the comment concerning the historical accuracy of the film is true, some of it hysterical rhetoric. What is not in doubt is that Wallace lived in a Scotland which was being subjected to a brutal occupation by the forces of the English King Edward I.
Wallace would not succumb to this English rule and he fought for his country's freedom serving as one of the Guardians of Scotland. Previous page. Sir William Wallace - Scottish Historical Figures. Son of Sir Malcolm Wallace, a landowner of Elderslie, Refrewshire. The Scottish King, John Balliol, was deposed in 1296 by King Edward I of England. Edward declared himself ruler and thought he had added Scotland to his empire. Some resistance began across Scotland but the first significant event occured when William Wallace with around 30 men killed the English sheriff of Lanark in May 1297 probably to avenge the death of his, or a close friend's, wife or girlfriend. An army of common men took up the cause at Wallace's side attacking English garrisons across central Scotland. On 11th September 1297 an English army under the Earl of Surrey was caught attempting to cross a narrow wooden bridge over the River Forth at Stirling.
Occupying forces had been virtually cleared from Scotland and Wallace went on to ravage the North of England. He may have travelled to France to find help for the Scottish cause. Untitled. William Wallace. Wallace was born some time around 1274 and was only a teenager at the time of the death of Alexander III, king of Scotland. Fighting the English William Wallace grew into a huge young man; estimates place him at six feet seven inches tall. This would truly have made him a giant of the era and afforded him an enormous advantage in a medieval battle, where strength was of great importance.
He wasted little time in using this muscle as he would fight the English at any given opportunity, killing them with impunity and without mercy. From this brawling, murderous beginning, Wallace quickly became first an outlaw, living in the sprawling forests of the day, then guerilla commander and finally general of an army which inflicted blow upon blow on the occupying English forces of Edward I. This victory gained him the accolade of Guardian of Scotland and, more dangerously, the envy of the nobility of Scotland. Capture and Death of Wallace Russell Burgess. Sir William Wallace Of Elderslie. Since the publication of James McKay's book, "William Wallace - Braveheart", the myth that the hero was born in Ellerslie, near Kilmarnock, has grown apace, albeit mistakenly.
People seem to think that because they have seen something in print, it is irrefutable. The problem is, some authors are just too busy or too lazy, to do thorough research, using old maps, ancient chronicles, visiting sites, etc., preferring to regurgitate facts from previous books on Wallace. What happens then, is one mistake or half-truth, when it is told and re-told, begins to insinuate itself into the public psyche, until it is believed without question. James MacKay states that Craigie Castle in Ayrshire was granted the lands of Ellerslie, near Kilmarnock in the mid 1200's, and that Craigie belonged to the Wallaces.
It will be noted that this was around 100 years after William's birth. Lately, Mr. So, again, research seems to be suspect. On balance, Professor G.W.S. Duncan Fenton The Society of William Wallace. William Wallace. Sir William Wallace. Sir William Wallace. William Wallace Biography - William Wallace Childhood, Life and Timeline. William Wallace Childhood & Early Life Dates cannot be confirmed about the birth and the growing years of William Wallace. His family and background also remains quite unclear to historians. A rough sketch of his birth shows that he was born somewhere around 1270 in Elderslie in Renfrewshire which has again been reaffirmed as Ellerslie in Ayrshire in the recent times. He was born to a family of Scottish nobility. His family comprised of feudal landowners. Wallace himself was a minor member of the noble lords of Scotland. Scenario in Scotland leading to the wars In 1286 Alexander, the then king of Scotland died while riding a horse leaving no survivor to his throne.
William Wallace’s arrival It was in 1291 that William’s father died in a battle that took place in Loudoun Hill. William’s actual entry into history was with the assassination of William de Heselrig, the English High Sheriff of Lanark, in May 1297. Battles After returning from the Battle of Stirling Bridge William was knighted. Wallace, Sir William. Untitled. Sir William Wallace (1270-1305) We all enjoy the visions we hold of historical figures.
Many conjure up visions of freedom, national pride and bravery tempered with valor. And Sir William Wallace was just such a figure to those of us who love Scottish history. A larger then life man born in the misty past of long ago when brave people wishing for a better life took arms against tyrant kings and shed their precious life’s blood all in the name of "FREEDOM”. William Wallace was the the 2rd son of a knight named Malcom Wallace. When an English knight named Fenwick at Loudon Hill in Ayrshire in 1291 killed his father, William's hatred of the English occupiers of Scotland was incensed forever. He possessed extraordinary personal strength, undaunted courage, an enterprising spirit, and great dexterity. It was on 11 September 1297 that he began his military campaign, culminating in the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
"I cannot be a traitor, for I owe him no allegiance. William Wallace. William Wallace (c1270 - 1305) is one of Scotland's greatest national heroes, immortalised in the not totally accurate Hollywood Blockbuster Braveheart. Records of Wallace's life are patchy and often inaccurate. The Wallace - a story by "Blind Harry" a traveling minstrel of the late 15th century provides many of the stories of William Wallace . Unfortunately some of the most famous stories can not be verified by hard evidence and are folklore.
The stories were passed down through the generations showing how he made a massive impact on the people of his time - not least the British. William Wallace was born in around 1270 in Ayrshire, Scotland, (probably near Ellerslie (now Elderslie), the second son of Sir Malcolm Wallace, Laird of Elderslie and Auchinbothie, (a Scottish knight and small landowner). In those days only the first son inherited the father's title and lands and William therefore had to make his own fortune in life. Back to Famous Scots. William Wallace - Wars of Independence - Scotlands History. William Wallace - The Wallace - is world famous; a national hero who fought and died to free Scotland from English rule. William is thought to have been the younger son of a Scots landowner, Alan Wallace. In the Scotichronicon, around the end of the 14th century, Walter Bower describes Wallace as: ...a tall man with the body of a giant, cheerful in appearance with agreeable features, broad-shouldered and big-boned... pleasing in appearance but with a wild look, broad in the hips, with strong arms and legs, a most spirited fighting-man, with all his limbs very strong and firm.
Wallace may have been outlawed for killing the son of an English constable in Dundee, and may have killed two English soldiers who demanded the fish he had caught at Irvine Water. In May 1297 Wallace was in Lanark. That night Wallace and his men made their way back to Lanark Castle under cover of darkness. In 1297 leaders of an uprising against Edward’s rule ignited across Scotland. William Wallace Biography. William Wallace, a Scottish knight, became a central early figure in the wars to secure Scottish freedom from the English, becoming one of his country's greatest national heroes. Synopsis Born circa 1270, near Paisley, Renfrew, Scotland, William Wallace was the son of a Scottish landowner.
He spearheaded his country’s long charge against the English toward freedom, and his martyrdom paved the way for eventual success. The Rebellion Begins Born around 1270 to a Scottish landowner, William Wallace’s efforts to free Scotland from England’s grasp came just a year after his country initially lost its freedom, when he was 27 years old. In 1296, England’s King Edward I forced Scottish king John de Balliol, already known as a weak king, to abdicate the throne, jailed him, and declared himself ruler of Scotland. The Rebellion Ramps Up On September 11, 1297, an English army confronted Wallace and his men at the Forth River near Stirling. Capture and Execution. Walk for Wallace - Sir William Wallace. Courtesy of the Society of William Wallace web site It is believed the Wallace family originated from Ness, a tiny village on the border of England and Wales, they were of the original Celtic stock of that area.
They were vassals of the powerful Fitz-Alan family, a family that had arrived in England at the time of the Norman conquest of England in 1066. They were large land owners in the Oswestry area, an area that was sometimes under English control, sometimes Welsh. When David I was King of Scots, he invited some of the Norman families that had settled in England north.
He bestowed offices upon them, as he was impressed by the organisational skills and martial abilities of these Normans. The family from Ness were settled in the Elderslie area, just west of Paisley. We know very little factual detail about William's early years, but we do know he had an elder brother named Malcolm, and a younger named John. By mid 1297, Wallace has a rag tag army. Local people still remember. Sir William Wallace (Scottish hero. Sir William Wallace: Scottish Hero. Gaelic Pure Scotch Whisky, like Sir William Wallace, quintessentially Scottish Gaelic Pure Scotch Whisky is a genuine Scottish product. Our whisky and ales are as authentically Scottish as some of the famous individuals described in these pages. To further capture the spirit of Scotland, please read on... Sir William Wallace was a Scottish landowner who became one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Along with his co-commander, Andrew Moray, Wallace defeated an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, and was appointed Guardian of Scotland, serving until his defeat at the Battle of Falkirk. Since his death, Wallace has obtained a rather iconic status far beyond Scotland. William Wallace was not a member of nobility and little is known for certain of his family history.
The struggle for the throne of Scotland When Wallace was growing up, King Alexander III sat on the throne of Scotland. William Wallace's military career Battle of Stirling Bridge. Events - William Wallace and Scottish resistance - Higher Scottish History. The Murder of the Sheriff of Lanark After the capitulation of the Scots in 1296, King Edward I must have thought that the Scottish question had been answered once and for all.
He was now master of Scotland. However, just a few months later there was a series of revolts against his rule. The most famous of those was led by William Wallace. Wallace’s revolt began in May 1297. In revenge Wallace returned with some loyal followers and attacked Lanark. Discover Blind Harry's Wallace, the source and inspiration for Hollywood's portrayal of the legendary character in 'Braveheart'. Wallace was joined by Sir William Douglas and led his men in a devastating raid across Dumfriesshire, capturing castles and killing Edward’s supporters, before turning north to attack the English justicar, William Ormesby, at Scone. It was not long before the nobles of the south west launched their own rebellion in their lands.
The Rebellion in the North The Battle of Stirling Bridge, 11 September 1297. William Wallace. William Wallace the guardian of Scotland and a true national hero. Sir William Wallace of Ellerslie "from Outlaw to Guardian of Scotland" - Background. William Wallace – Biography. William Wallace. Sir William Wallace. Maclarens, Birtwistles and Many Other Families. Kings and Queens of Scotland - William Wallace.
The Story Of Sir William Wallace. Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) - Britannia Biographies. Sir William Wallace of Ellerslie "from Outlaw to Guardian of Scotland" - The Outlaw. In search of Braveheart (Sir William Wallace) : Scotland Magazine Issue 26. Descendants of Malcom III > William Wallace. St Bartholomew's Hospital - Sir William Wallace : London Remembers, Aiming to capture all memorials in London. Charter by Sir William Wallace | Dundee City Council. Sir William Wallace in the archives - The National Archives of Scotland. William Wallace - Deadliest Warrior Wiki - The wiki about everything Deadliest Warrior.
The execution of Wallace - Wars of Independence - Scotlands History. Person - Sir William Wallace. Stirling Bridge. Falkirk. Sir William Wallace. Blind Harry. Braveheart.