Charter of the United Nations. Aktuelle Nachrichten online - FAZ.NET. Völkermord in Ruanda. Schädel von Opfern des Völkermordes in der Gedenkstätte von Nyamata Leichen von ruandischen Flüchtlingen Als Völkermord in Ruanda werden umfangreiche Gewalttaten in Ruanda bezeichnet, die am 6.
April 1994 begannen und bis Mitte Juli 1994 andauerten. Sie kosteten circa 800.000 bis 1.000.000 Menschen das Leben, die niedrigsten Schätzungen gehen von mindestens 500.000 Toten aus. In annähernd 100 Tagen töteten Angehörige der Hutu-Mehrheit etwa 75 Prozent der in Ruanda lebenden Tutsi-Minderheit sowie moderate Hutu, die sich am Völkermord nicht beteiligten oder sich aktiv dagegen einsetzten. Die Täter kamen aus den Reihen der ruandischen Armee, der Präsidentengarde, der Nationalpolizei (Gendarmerie) und der Verwaltung. Im Verlauf und im Nachgang der Ereignisse wurden die Vereinten Nationen (UN) und Staaten wie die USA, Großbritannien und Belgien wegen ihrer Untätigkeit kritisiert. Der Völkermord in Ruanda erzeugte darüber hinaus erhebliche regionale Probleme. Vorgeschichte[Bearbeiten] News Front Page. Ited Nations Peacekeeping. Ited Nations Department of Political Affairs - Peacebuilding. Building lasting peace in war-torn societies is among the most daunting of challenges for global peace and security.
Failure is costly: some nations emerge painfully from devastating conflicts only to slide right back into violence. Yet success requires sustained international support for national efforts across the broadest range of activities -- monitoring ceasefires; demobilizing and reintegrating combatants; assisting the return of refugees and displaced persons; supporting implementation of a peace process; providing electoral assistance; supporting justice and security sector reform; enhancing human rights protections and fostering reconciliation after past atrocities.
Recognizing that the United Nations needs to better anticipate and respond to the challenges of peace- building, the 2005 World Summit approved the creation of a new Peacebuilding Commission. Ited Nations Cartographic Section Web Site. Rwanda Civil War. No other recent conflict in Africa has taken as high a toll in such a short period of time as the Rwanda genocide, in which between half a million and a million people were massacred.
From April to July 1994, extremist political groups organized the massacre, directed primarily at the minority Tutsi ethnic group, but also against those from the Hutu majority who opposed the killings or had been active in the pro-democracy movement. The slaughter ended when rebel forces of the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) overthrew the genocidal government. However, ongoing political tensions, guerrilla warfare and massive refugee movements have continued to sow political instability and humanitarian crises throughout the Great Lakes region, including in neighbouring Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire). Rwanda's population consists of three ethnic groups: Hutus (88%), Tutsis (11%), and Twa pygmies (1%). Background. Criticism grows over United Nations' peacekeeping concept. The UN currently has 16 peacekeeping operations on the go around the world with more than 110,000 troops and staff and questions are being raised about costs and efficiency.
Not surprisingly the United Kingdom put peacekeeping on the agenda this month, as chair of the Security Council's rotating presidency. London has long been critical about the increasing number and costs of UN peacekeeping missions. Since 2000, the annual budget for blue helmet missions has more than tripled to $8 billion (5.63 billion euros). In his opening statement to the Security Council earlier this month Sir John Sawers, the UK ambassador and permanent representative to the United Nations, called peacekeeping "a unique global partnership" and peacekeepers "a scarce asset ... (who must be) deployed to maximum effect in the places where they are needed most.
" There was plenty to read between those lines. National interests come first UN peacekeepers operate in volatile regions and very often on a shoestring budget. Friedenssicherungseinsätze - UNRIC. Ited Nations Peacebuilding Commission. Action to Counter Terrorism. Countering terrorism requires addressing conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism All too often we are reminded that terrorism continues to inflict pain and suffering on people’s lives all over the world. Almost no week goes by without an act of terrorism taking place somewhere in the world, indiscriminately affecting innocent people who just happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time.
Countering this scourge is in the interest of all nations and the issue has been on the agenda of the United Nations for decades. Eighteen universal instruments (fourteen instruments and four amendments) against international terrorism have been elaborated within the framework of the United Nations system relating to specific terrorist activities. Member States through the General Assembly have been increasingly coordinating their counter-terrorism efforts and continuing their legal norm-setting work. Ited Nations Disarmament ...strengthening peace and security through disarmament. United Nations Peacemaker.