Schädel von Opfern des Völkermordes in der Gedenkstätte von Nyamata Als Völkermord in Ruanda werden umfangreiche Gewalttaten in Ruanda bezeichnet, die am 6. April 1994 begannen und bis Mitte Juli 1994 andauerten.
Building lasting peace in war-torn societies is among the most daunting of challenges for global peace and security. Failure is costly: some nations emerge painfully from devastating conflicts only to slide right back into violence. Yet success requires sustained international support for national efforts across the broadest range of activities -- monitoring ceasefires; demobilizing and reintegrating combatants; assisting the return of refugees and displaced persons; supporting implementation of a peace process; providing electoral assistance; supporting justice and security sector reform; enhancing human rights protections and fostering reconciliation after past atrocities.
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No other recent conflict in Africa has taken as high a toll in such a short period of time as the Rwanda genocide, in which between half a million and a million people were massacred. From April to July 1994, extremist political groups organized the massacre, directed primarily at the minority Tutsi ethnic group, but also against those from the Hutu majority who opposed the killings or had been active in the pro-democracy movement. The slaughter ended when rebel forces of the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) overthrew the genocidal government.
The UN is celebrating World Humanitarian Day to honor aid workers killed carrying out their work. It comes as the UN also reassesses the role of its peacekeeping operations around the world.
Countering terrorism requires addressing conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism All too often we are reminded that terrorism continues to inflict pain and suffering on people’s lives all over the world. Almost no week goes by without an act of terrorism taking place somewhere in the world, indiscriminately affecting innocent people who just happened to be in the wrong place at the wrong time. Countering this scourge is in the interest of all nations and the issue has been on the agenda of the United Nations for decades. Eighteen universal instruments (fourteen instruments and four amendments) against international terrorism have been elaborated within the framework of the United Nations system relating to specific terrorist activities. Member States through the General Assembly have been increasingly coordinating their counter-terrorism efforts and continuing their legal norm-setting work.
Zusammenfassend muß man in Übereinstimmung mit den Schlußfolgerungen von Marc Bossuyt feststellen: Das Sanktionsregime gegen den Irak ist nach geltendem Völkerrecht eindeutig illegal. Es findet keine Rechtsgrundlage in der Charta, und verletzt das geltende humanitäre Völkerrecht wie die internationalen Bestimmungen zum Schutz der Menschenrechte. Völkerrechtliche Aspekte der Irak-Sanktionen Bernhard Graefrath Der Begriff Sanktion ist im allgemeinen Völkerrecht nicht eindeutig definiert. Übereinstimmung besteht aber dahingehend, daß unter Sanktionen Zwangsmaßnahmen verstanden werden, die von internationalen Organisationen im Rahmen ihrer Satzung gegen schwerwiegende Rechtsverletzungen angewandt werden.