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Seanmhines

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Sean M Hines

All the things

Ludwig Wittgenstein (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Ludwig Wittgenstein (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Biographical Sketch Wittgenstein was born on April 26, 1889 in Vienna, Austria, to a wealthy industrial family, well-situated in intellectual and cultural Viennese circles. In 1908 he began his studies in aeronautical engineering at Manchester University where his interest in the philosophy of pure mathematics led him to Frege. Upon Frege’s advice, in 1911 he went to Cambridge to study with Bertrand Russell. Russell wrote, upon meeting Wittgenstein: “An unknown German appeared … obstinate and perverse, but I think not stupid” (quoted by Monk 1990: 38f). During his years in Cambridge, from 1911 to 1913, Wittgenstein conducted several conversations on philosophy and the foundations of logic with Russell, with whom he had an emotional and intense relationship, as well as with Moore and Keynes.

In the 1930s and 1940s Wittgenstein conducted seminars at Cambridge, developing most of the ideas that he intended to publish in his second book, Philosophical Investigations. 2. 3. Works - Samuel Taylor Coleridge - Google Books.

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Greek and Latin Roots: Roots. Extending the pragmatist tradition. Machiavelian intelligence. Cognitive-experiential self-theory - Wikipedia. Cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) is a dual-process model of perception developed by Seymour Epstein.

Cognitive-experiential self-theory - Wikipedia

CEST is based around the idea that people operate using two separate systems for information processing: analytical-rational and intuitive-experiential. The analytical-rational system is deliberate, slow, and logical. The intuitive-experiential system is fast, automatic, and emotionally driven. Heuristic-systematic model of information processing - Wikipedia. The heuristic-systematic model of information processing, or HSM, is a widely recognized communication model by Shelly Chaiken that attempts to explain how people receive and process persuasive messages.

Heuristic-systematic model of information processing - Wikipedia

The model states that individuals can process messages in one of two ways: heuristically or systematically. The guiding belief with this model is that individuals are more apt to minimize their use of cognitive resources thus affecting the intake and processing of messages. Evolution of Morality. Seminar onThe Evolution of MoralityGeoff Sayre-McCord, Professor This seminar is designed to take advantage of -- indeed exploit as much as possible -- the fact that Philip Kitcher will be the Frey Distinguished Visitor in the UNC Philosophy Department this Fall.

Evolution of Morality

On each of his four visits he will give a presentation/seminar on the material that he is shaping into a book. These four sessions will count as four of our class meetings. Psychological Altruism, Evolutionary Origins, and Moral Rules. Leary2011.

I = skillfull displays I = ability to adapt displays (pro-social element = guilt) ~ (punishment element = shame) latent/intuitive learning (motivation) : knowing w/out somatic markers – seanmhines
(People are exceptionally sensitive to events that have implications for their relational value and readily pick up on subtle cues related to their social standing) : [(1) "moral standing"(MS): (1) pro-social displays -- how much they can or can't get away with -- [+ or -] -- "moral intention (MI)" - how much they intend (or are perceived as intending) to be pro social ) -- [+ or -] "epistemic guilt/innocence (scaled)" as a f(~[ms] ~ [mi]~) ] – seanmhines

The analysis of narratives. Bayesian hierarchical conditional logistic regression.

Outcome bias (x effect from intended, x effect from actual), exclusion (good effect from intended contribution/weak effect from actual contribution) i.e. low intended contribution elicits ostracism almost always. (supports "faking" pro-sociality). Different combos may lead to different moral judgments and different punitive decisions. – seanmhines

How infants and toddlers react to antisocial others.

S a minimal proposal, this capacity might be expressed in terms of fairly simple heuristics, of the form “If X has been helpful in the past, approach X” and “If Y has been uncooperative or dangerous in the past, avoid Y.” Prior research, building from initial studies by Kuhlmeier et al. (3), suggest that such tendencies emerge early in development. Infants in their first year of life will approach individuals who have acted positively toward others and avoid those who have acted negatively (4–6). Infants also expect others to respond in this manner—to approach those who have helped them and avoid those who have harmed them (3, 4, 7). Infants’ understanding might extend beyond these simple heuristics, however. For one thing, the intentions of an agent may inform even our earliest judgments. Both preverbal infants and nonhuman primates distinguish someone who tries but is unable to give them a treat from one who intentionally withholds a treat—and they prefer the former (8–12). One might expand the heuristics, then, to “If X has been intentionally helpful in the past, approach X” and “If Y has been intentionally uncooperative or dangerous in the past, avoid Y.” Adults, however, are not limited even to these expanded heuristics. Under at least some circumstances, people are motivated to approach individuals who have been intentionally harmful in the past—to punish them (13–15). The urge to punish others’ antisocial acts is sufficiently strong that adults will sometimes do so anonymously and at personal cost (so-called altruistic punishment), even when they themselves are unaffected by the antisocial act and have nothing to gain by their costly action (16–19). Neurological reward systems are activated during punishment, suggesting it is individually reinforcing (20). – seanmhines
Our intensely social nature provides both opportunity and risk. By entering into cooperative alliances with others, individuals can achieve successes they could never reach on their own. However, they are also vulnerable to being cheated and exploited. It would be highly beneficial, then, to be able to remember the past behaviors of other individuals and to be motivated to interact differently with these individuals based on these behaviors (1, 2). – seanmhines

Morality: Neuro/Bhv ~ Emotion/Reason; refrm ethics-metphys & app

Heiphetz young 2014 behaviour. Neural Responses to Ingroup and Outgroup Members' Suffering Predict Individual Differences in Costly Helping. Polman, Self–other decision making and loss aversion. Tversky Kahneman 1991 Loss aversion. “ALTRUISTIC” BEHAVIOR IN RHESUS MONKEYS. Is empathic emotion a source of altruistic motivation? The effects of cognitive and affective perspective taking on empathic concern and altruistic helping. Ounded Empathy: Neural Responses to Outgroup Targets' (Mis)fortunes. Dictator Games A Meta Study (Engel C (2011)) The Repugnant Conclusion (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

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The Repugnant Conclusion (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Arriving at the Repugnant Conclusion Parfit is not the first philosopher to have noticed that influential moral views may have implications of the sort outlined in the Repugnant Conclusion. Henry Sidgwick was close to acknowledging the implication when he pointed out that “… the point up to which, on utilitarian principles, population ought to be encouraged to increase, is not that at which the average happiness is the greatest possible—as appears to be often assumed by political economists of the school of Malthus—but that at which the happiness reaches its maximum” (Sidgwick 1907 p. 418; for other early sources, see Broad 1930 pp. 249–250; McTaggart 1927 pp. 452–53; Narveson 1967).

However, it is Parfit who has brought the conclusion to recent philosophical attention both by stressing the importance of the conclusion and by showing how difficult it is to avoid it (Parfit 1984). Batson etal97. Empathy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Empathy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Historical Introduction The psychologist Edward Titchener (1867–1927) introduced the term “empathy” in 1909 into the English language as the translation of the German term “Einfühlung” (or “feeling into”), a term that by the end of the 19th century was in German philosophical circles understood as an important category in philosophical aesthetics. Even in Germany its use as a technical term of philosophical analysis did not have a long tradition. Various philosophers certainly speak throughout the 19th century and the second half of the 18th century in a more informal manner about our ability to “feel into” works of arts and into nature.

Empathic joy and the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In a very different voice: Unmasking moral hypocrisy. On the Conflicts Between Biologiocal and Social Evolution Between Psychology and Moral Tradition. Teaching Rational Morality: The Problem of Affect. Paul Bloom: Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion. Inexorable. Prefigurative. The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning. Adam WellsEmory and Henry College In the years after Edmund Husserl’s death in 1938, Eugen Fink’s work focused on “the problem of ontological experience.”

The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning

Though much of that material has been lost, I will attempt to reconstruct the idea of ontological experience by considering the intersecting trajectories of Fink’s work on Husserl (culminating in the Sixth Cartesian Meditation) and his later work on Friedrich Nietzsche. In the first section of this essay, I outline a possible relation between Fink’s work on ontological experience and his earlier collaborations with Edmund Husserl. Narrative (naive intuitive intended to sway group in interpersonal situations)(also affects intrapersonal things) Heideggerian terminology. Martin Heidegger, the 20th-century German philosopher, introduced to the world a large body of work which intended a profound change of direction for philosophy.

Heideggerian terminology

Such was the depth of change that he found himself needing to introduce a number of neologisms and adapted vocabulary, often connected to idiomatic words and phrases in the German language. Two of his most basic neologisms, present-at-hand and ready-to-hand, are used to describe various attitudes toward things in the world. For Heidegger, such "attitudes" are prior to, i.e. more basic than, the various sciences of the individual items in the world.

Science itself is an attitude, one that attempts a kind of neutral investigation. Other related terms are also explained below. Heidegger's overall analysis is quite involved, taking in a lot of the history of philosophy. Psychologism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 1.

Psychologism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Introduction The relationship between logic and psychology was fought over most intensely in the German-speaking lands between 1890 and 1914. Indeed, during this period pretty much all of German-speaking philosophy was engulfed in the so-called Psychologismus-Streit (the ‘psychologism dispute’). This dispute centered on the question whether logic (and epistemology) are parts of psychology.

Full text of "Frankenstein 1818 edition" New Approaches to Rhetoric - Google Books. Norman A. Sprinthall, North Carolina State University. Bivariate distribution. Elements of Logic. Ovid (43 BC–17) - The Amores: Book I. Book I Next Book Venus - Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones (British, 1833 - 1898)National Gallery of Art Translated by A.

Ovid (43 BC–17) - The Amores: Book I

S. Kline © Copyright 2001 All Rights Reserved This work may be freely reproduced, stored, and transmitted, electronically or otherwise, for any non-commercial purpose. Contents His Epigram We who were once five books are now three: Frost. William blake the marriage of heaven and hell. Hamlet: Entire Play. So long? Nay then, let the devil wear black, forI'll have a suit of sables. O heavens! Die twomonths ago, and not forgotten yet? Then there'shope a great man's memory may outlive his life halfa year: but, by'r lady, he must build churches,then; or else shall he suffer not thinking on, withthe hobby-horse, whose epitaph is 'For, O, for, O,the hobby-horse is forgot.'Hautboys play. Beard of Bees - Download Poetry by Eric Elshtain. Eric Elshtain is the editor of Beard of Bees Press and is poet-in-residence at John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital through the non-profit Snow City Arts Foundation. He conducts poetry and art workshops in the pediatrics ward, working with children from the ages of 3 to 23.

Complicity. Liminal. BibleGateway - : filthy lucre. Science in Social Services : Abstract : Nature. News Nature 140, 253-255 (14 August 1937) | doi:10.1038/140253a0 Science in Social Services Top of page Abstract IN his farewell address on June 24 to the London School of Economics, Sir William Beveridge emphasized the need for both observation and detachment in the social sciences.

Science in Social Services Top of page Abstract IN his farewell address on June 24 to the London School of Economics, Sir William Beveridge emphasized the need for both observation and detachment in the social sciences. Failure to be scientific in method and detachment on the part of both economists and statesmen, he said, had largely been responsible for the tardy development or recognition of the social sciences, alike in the neglect of observation of facts as the basis of theories and as the control of theories, and in the lack of detachment from partisan actions and the giving of judgment on controversial political issues. The social services of Great Britain might well have been cited by Sir William Beveridge to illustrate his point. They continue to grow piecemeal, and every session Parliament adds something to the imposing structure ; but it is nearly thirty years since the last comprehensive inquiry into public social provision in Great Britain was made. Continually, however, we witness particular aspects of the social services criticized strongly to prove or disprove some political tenet or preconceived idea, and it is rare indeed to find them considered in relation to a comprehensive and well-defined social policy. – seanmhines

Hammond 1314. Eusociality. Eusociality (Greek eu: "good/real" + "social"), the highest level of organization of animal sociality, is defined by the following characteristics: cooperative brood care (including brood care of offspring from other individuals), overlapping generations within a colony of adults, and a division of labor into reproductive and non-reproductive groups.[1][2] The division of labor creates specialized behavioral groups within an animal society which are sometimes called castes.

Eusociality is distinguished from all other social systems because individuals of at least one caste lose the ability to perform at least one behavior characteristic of individuals in another caste.[2][3] Eusociality is mostly observed and studied in Hymenoptera (ants, bees, and wasps) and Isoptera (termites).[1] For example, a colony has caste differences; a queen and king take the roles as the sole reproducers and the soldiers and workers work together to create a living situation favorable for the brood. E. O. Indirect Reciprocity. Nash equilibrium - Wikipedia. In game theory, the Nash equilibrium is a solution concept of a non-cooperative game involving two or more players in which each player is assumed to know the equilibrium strategies of the other players, and no player has anything to gain by changing only his or her own strategy.[1] If each player has chosen a strategy and no player can benefit by changing strategies while the other players keep theirs unchanged, then the current set of strategy choices and the corresponding payoffs constitutes a Nash equilibrium.

The Nash equilibrium is one of the foundational concepts in game theory. The reality of the Nash equilibrium of a game can be tested using experimental economics methods. Stated simply, Amy and Phil are in Nash equilibrium if Amy is making the best decision she can, taking into account Phil's decision while Phil's decision remains unchanged, and Phil is making the best decision he can, taking into account Amy's decision while Amy's decision remains unchanged. History[edit] Inclusive Fitness Theorizing Invokes Phenomena That Are Not Relevant for the Evolution of Eusociality. Citation: Nowak MA, Allen B (2015) Inclusive Fitness Theorizing Invokes Phenomena That Are Not Relevant for the Evolution of Eusociality.

“for direct reciprocity you need a face. for indirect reciprocity you need a name.” – seanmhines

PLoS Biol 13(4): e1002134. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002134 Received: January 13, 2015; Accepted: March 17, 2015; Published: April 24, 2015. Inclusive fitness - Wikipedia.

Economists talk about trembling hand and fuzzy mind, and that leads to mistakes. – seanmhines

Beliefs about group malleability and out-group attitudes: The mediating role of perceived threat in interactions with out-group members. Martin Nowak lectures on "God and Evolution" Paris Review - Funes the Memorious. Computer-Mediated Discourse Analysis: An Approach to Studying Virtual Communities. Computer-Mediated Discourse Analysis: An Approach to Researching Online Behavior. Password psychology - Wikipedia. Video.

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Misc sys/history review. Freud. Axis mundi. The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth. 1 Corinthians 14 KJV - Follow after charity, and desire. Lucretius, De Rerum Natura, BOOK I, line 1. Mother of Rome, delight of Gods and men, Dear Venus that beneath the gliding stars Makest to teem the many-voyaged main And fruitful lands- for all of living things Through thee alone are evermore conceived, Through thee are risen to visit the great sun- Before thee, Goddess, and thy coming on, Flee stormy wind and massy cloud away, For thee the daedal Earth bears scented flowers, For thee waters of the unvexed deep Smile, and the hollows of the serene sky Glow with diffused radiance for thee!

For soon as comes the springtime face of day, And procreant gales blow from the West unbarred, First fowls of air, smit to the heart by thee, Foretoken thy approach, O thou Divine, And leap the wild herds round the happy fields Or swim the bounding torrents. 1 Corinthians 13:12 KJV - For now we see through a glass, darkly; How we work. This document provides a brief overview of schema.org's process for developing and changing schemas. It accompanies the about schema.org page which describes the organizational structure of the project. Note: the schema.org site contains the officially released version of schema.org, while webschemas.org is the very latest work-in-progress development branch of schema.org containing more recent fixes and improvements but which may contain changes that do not represent the consensus of the wider community or of the project steering group.

See "pending" below for more details. This document contains a minimal amount of technical detail sufficient to explain our approach to schema evolution. Operational details for project collaborators can be found via the how we work section of the Schema.org W3C Community Group. Overview. Peach Tree War - Wikipedia. Esopus Wars - Wikipedia. 1/5 Socrates and the Life of Inquiry (Rick Roderick) Donald Trump's Congress speech (full text)

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Google Translate. About page. The Third Police Man. Danse Macabre - Wikipedia. Fear of Spiders, biological learning & education. Greek Popular Religion: Seers and Oracles. Reductiontachistoscopic. 9781493903078 c2. Idealism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 2017147. Greek religion. Law and the Moral Life. Hillary Clinton ‘Female Future’ Slogan Is Meaningless. 72 Malignant Spirits. Derrida vs. the rationalists. Emotional Regulation & Online Therapy Project.

Howard Gardner

Neuroanatomy/Comparative. Poetry Misc. Emergence: A unifying theme for 21st century science — Foundations & Frontiers. Aesthetica Magazine. General Creativity.