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Map reflecting the findings of Freedom House 's 2009 survey, concerning the state of world freedom in 2008. [ 1 ] [ dead link ] Free (89) Partly free (62) Not free (42) A police state is a state in which the government exercises rigid and repressive controls over the social, economic, and political life of the population. A police state typically exhibits elements of totalitarianism and social control , and there is usually little or no distinction between the law and the exercise of political power by the executive .
Nineteen Eighty-Four is a novel by George Orwell published in 1949. It is a dystopian and satirical novel set in Oceania, where society is tyrannised by the Party and its totalitarian ideology. [ 1 ] The Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war , omnipresent government surveillance, and public mind control , dictated by a political system euphemistically named English Socialism (Ingsoc) under the control of a privileged Inner Party elite that persecutes all individualism and independent thinking as thoughtcrimes . [ 2 ] Their tyranny is headed by Big Brother , the quasi-divine Party leader who enjoys an intense cult of personality , but who may not even exist. Big Brother and the Party justify their rule in the name of a supposed greater good. [ 1 ] The protagonist of the novel, Winston Smith , is a member of the Outer Party who works for the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue), which is responsible for propaganda and historical revisionism .
President Dwight Eisenhower famously warned the U.S. about the "military-industrial complex" in his farewell address. Military–industrial complex , or military–industrial–congressional complex , [ 1 ] is a concept commonly used to refer to policy and monetary relationships between legislators , national armed forces , and the military industrial base that supports them. These relationships include political contributions , political approval for military spending , lobbying to support bureaucracies , and oversight of the industry. It is a type of iron triangle . The term is most often used in reference to the system behind the military of the United States , where it gained popularity after its use in the farewell address of President Dwight D. Eisenhower on January 17, 1961, [ 2 ] though the term is applicable to any country with a similarly developed infrastructure . [ 3 ] [ 4 ]
The Stop Online Piracy Act ( SOPA ) is a United States bill introduced by U.S. Representative Lamar S. Smith (R-TX) to expand the ability of U.S. law enforcement to combat online copyright infringement and online trafficking in counterfeit goods .
The Transportation Security Administration ( TSA ) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security that exercises authority over the security of the traveling public in the United States. [ 1 ] The TSA was created as part of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act , sponsored by Don Young in the United States House of Representatives [ 2 ] and Ernest Hollings in the Senate , [ 3 ] passed by the 107th U.S. Congress , and signed into law by President George W.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security , initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Orders on April 1, 1979. [ 1 ] [ 4 ] The agency's primary purpose is to coordinate the response to a disaster that has occurred in the United States and that overwhelms the resources of local and state authorities. The governor of the state in which the disaster occurs must declare a state of emergency and formally request from the president that FEMA and the federal government respond to the disaster. FEMA also provides these services for territories of the United States, such as Puerto Rico . The only exception to the state's gubernatorial declaration requirement occurs when an emergency and/or disaster takes place on federal property or to a federal asset, for example, the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P.
The terms and are related to the legal concepts of crimes and misdemeanors . Both of the terms and have variations in meanings after years of historical usage. [ edit ] Precrime The term refers to events and motives before an offense has been committed. The term has also been used in relation to techniques for so-called " profiling " to determine likelihood of future offenses being committed. [ ]
An internal U.S. Department of Homeland Security document indicates that a controversial program designed to predict whether a person will commit a crime is already being tested on some members of the public voluntarily, CNET has learned. If this sounds a bit like the Tom Cruise movie called " Minority Report ," or the CBS drama " Person of Interest ," it is. But where "Minority Report" author Philip K.
Backscatter x-ray image of TSA Security Laboratory Director Susan Hallowell A full-body scanner is a device that detects objects on a person's body for security screening purposes, without physically removing clothes or making physical contact. Depending on the specific technology, the operator may see an alternate-wavelength image of the person's naked body, or merely a cartoon-like representation of the person with an indicator showing where any suspicious items were detected. For privacy and security reasons, the display is generally not visible to other passengers, and in some cases is located in a separate room where the operator cannot see the face of the person being screened. Unlike metal detectors , full-body scanners can detect non-metal objects, which became an increasing concern after various airliner bombing attempts in the 2000s. Two distinct technologies are in general use:
The Posse Comitatus Act is the United States federal law ( 18 U.S.C. § 1385 , original at 20 Stat. 152 ) that was passed on June 18, 1878, after the end of Reconstruction and was updated in 1981. Its intent (in concert with the Insurrection Act of 1807 ) was to limit the powers of Federal government in using federal military personnel to enforce the State laws. The Bill/Act as modified in 1981 refers to the Armed Forces of the United States. It does not apply to the National Guard under state authority from acting in a law enforcement capacity within its home state or in an adjacent state if invited by that state's governor. The U.S. Coast Guard, which operates under the Department of Homeland Security , is also not covered by the Posse Comitatus Act, primarily because the Coast Guard has both a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency mission.
The entrance of the CIA New Headquarters Building (NHB) of the George Bush Center for Intelligence. The Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) is an independent civilian intelligence agency of the United States government . It is an executive agency and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence , [ 7 ] with responsibility for providing national security intelligence assessment to senior United States policymakers . Intelligence-gathering is performed by non-military commissioned civilian intelligence agents, many of whom are trained to avoid tactical situations.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States (1989–93). A Republican , he had previously served as the 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981–89), a congressman , an ambassador and Director of Central Intelligence ; he is currently the oldest surviving President. Bush was born in Milton, Massachusetts , to Senator Prescott Bush and Dorothy Walker Bush .
Prescott Sheldon Bush (May 15, 1895 – October 8, 1972) was an American banker and politician. He was a Wall Street executive banker and a United States Senator , representing Connecticut from 1952 until January 1963. He was the father of George H. W. Bush (41st President of the United States ) and the grandfather of George W.
The Waco siege began on Sunday, February 28, 1993, and ended violently 50 days later on April 19. [ 4 ] The siege began when the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF), accompanied by several members of the media, attempted to execute a search warrant at Mount Carmel Center ranch, a property of the religious group the Branch Davidians located in the community of Elk, Texas , [ 5 ] [ 6 ] nine miles (14 kilometers) east-northeast of Waco . On February 28, shortly after the attempt to serve the warrant, an intense gun battle erupted, lasting nearly two hours. In this armed exchange, four agents and six Branch Davidians were killed. Upon the ATF's failure to execute the search warrant, a siege was initiated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
Weapons recovered by Mexican military in Naco, Sonora , Mexico on November 20, 2009. They include weapons bought two weeks earlier by Operation Fast and Furious suspect Uriel Patino, who would buy 723 guns during the operation. [ 1 ] The Arizona Field Office of the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) ran a series of "gunwalking" sting operations [ 2 ] [ 3 ] between 2006 [ 4 ] and 2011. [ 2 ] [ 5 ] These operations were done under the umbrella of Project Gunrunner , a project intended to stem the flow of firearms into Mexico by interdicting straw purchasers and gun traffickers within the United States. [ 6 ] "Gun walking" or "letting guns walk" was a tactic whereby the ATF "purposely allowed licensed firearms dealers to sell weapons to illegal straw buyers, hoping to track the guns to Mexican drug cartel leaders. " [ 7 ]