background preloader

Year 12: SOR : Depth Study Islam

Facebook Twitter

Aisha: A Life and Legacy - Cayla Wagner historia 2016. Aisha Bint Abi Bakr Siddique (RA) Note: This is a lecture that I give for non-Muslims. I have presented it at feminist lunch circles, general lectures on Islam, and in classes on Islam at the college level. As it is aimed at a non-Islamic audience, I have dropped the Islamic conventions of inserting praise after the names of the Prophet (SAAWS), Aisha (RA), and the companions (Peace be unto all of them).

I have kept these insertions in the English translations of the hadeeth. Yet to come, full citations of sources and the full text of the hadeeth we discuss at the end. "Portrait of a Female Scholar of Early Islam: Aisha Bint Abi Bakr Siddique," by Gina Petonito* Aisha bint Abi Bakr Siddique was one of the greatest scholars of Islam of all time. Let us hear what some of her fellows said of her: *Abu Musa Ash'ani--one of the companions of the prophet--"the companions were never presented with a problem which when referred to Aisha did not present a satisfactory solution. " Let us now turn to a brief outline of her life. Legacy of Great Muslim Women Leaders - Australian Muslim Womens Association. ‘A’isha bint Abi Bakr and her Contributions to the Formation of the Islamic Tradition by Aisha Geissinger Ai.

The Fifth Pillar of Islam: The Pilgrimage (Hajj) - The Religion of Islam. The Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) is the fifth of the fundamental Muslim practices and institutions known as the five pillars of Islam. Pilgrimage is not undertaken in Islam to the shrines of saints, to monasteries for help from holy men, or to sights where miracles are supposed to have occurred, even though we may see many Muslims do this. Pilgrimage is made to the Kaaba, found in the sacred city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, the ‘House of God,’ whose sanctity rests in that the Prophet Abraham built it for the worship of God.

God rewarded him by attributing the House to himself, in essence honoring it, and by making it the devotional epicenter which all Muslims face when offering the prayers (salah). The rites of pilgrimage are performed today exactly as did by Abraham, and after him by Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them. "Every one of the thousands at the airport, about to leave for Jeddah, was dressed this way. That is when I first began to reappraise the ‘white man’. A journey through Hajj, Islam's special pilgrimage.

Wrapped in white cloth, worshippers embark on the five-day pilgrimage, considered one of the five pillars of Islam. All Muslims who are physically and financially able are required to make the journey to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Many Muslim pilgrims, known as hajjis, converge on the city weeks before the start of the Hajj rituals. Worshippers wear special white garments -- men wrap themselves in seamless, stitchless cloth, while women wear a simple white dress and headscarf. The clothing is said to symbolize human equality and unity before God. Pilgrims begin the Hajj with a circular, counter-clockwise procession around the Kaaba, a cube-shaped structure that Muslims believe the Prophet Abraham from the Old Testament constructed.

The Prophet Muhammed made the first Islamic pilgrimage in the year 628 AD, when he set out to Mecca with 1,400 of his followers. A global tent city "Groups of West Africans in colorful garb, almost singing verses from the Quran. Sermon on the summit. Religions - Islam: Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca. Hajj: The importance of the pilgrimage to Mecca. What is the Hajj? The Hajj is an annual journey to Mecca, a desert valley in western Saudi Arabia, that all able-bodied and financially capable Muslim adults are expected to make at least once in their lifetime.

The five-day pilgrimage to Mecca is the fifth and final pillar of Islam, and concludes when up to two million Muslims circle the sacred cube-shaped Kaaba. Mecca is considered the most holy city for Muslims and 1.8 million Muslims took part in the Hajj in 2016. The journey resembles a tradition performed by the Prophet Muhammad with millions of Muslims undertaking a route around a rocky mountain of the ancient city in Saudi Arabia. Statistics surrounding the Hajj Importance of the ritual The ritual follows in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad when he once traced the movements of the Prophet Abraham and Ishmael. In Islam, the Hajj represents the actions of the Prophet Muhammad in a pilgrimage dating back to 632 AD. Day 1 Muslims pray near Mount of Mercy Day 2 Day 3 Final days Stampedes. The meaning of Hajj. Explaining the Muslim pilgrimage of hajj : theconversation. Around 1.7 million Muslims have gathered this year in the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia for the annual pilgrimage – the hajj.

The five-day pilgrimage is a once-in-a-lifetime obligation for all Muslims who have the physical and financial ability to undertake the journey. So, what is the hajj and what is its spiritual significance? The fifth pillar Millions of Muslims from diverse countries such as Indonesia, Russia, India, Cuba, Fiji, the United States, Nigeria and others congregate in Mecca during the last month of the Muslim lunar year.

Pilgrims wear plain, white garments. The pilgrimage is considered the fifth pillar of Islamic practice (the other four being the profession of faith, five daily prayers, charity and the fast of Ramadan). “Proclaim to men the pilgrimage: they will come to thee on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path.” The rites of the hajj are believed to retrace events from the lives of prominent prophets such as Ibrahim and Ismail. Sexual ethics in islam 2016 edition. Sexual Ethics Explained 2016 Edition. GCSE Bitesize: Marriage. Islam, Sexual Ethics, and Community Conversations.

Editors' Note: This article is part of the Patheos Public Square on the Spirituality of Sex. Read other perspectives here. Sex is described as many things: it can be an act of passion for some, physical gratification for others, a necessity for procreation, an act of worship for people of faith, or some combination thereof. It is also a word and experience that is often loaded with many emotions: joy, love, and all too often, fear, shame, and stigma. One of the challenges of beginning this conversation is that historically, sex and sexuality have been seen as uncomfortable subjects across most racial, ethnic, and religious communities.

In Muslim communities, the strong notions of privacy and modesty are often conflated with the shaming of feeling sexual desire, which creates an environment hostile to open discourse, let alone operating outside of religious code. Gender and Sexuality. Muslim societies, like other human societies under the impact of modernity, have undergone profound changes in gender relationships in the last 150 years. Many of these changes, although controversial at the time, have proven to be durable. Other changes, or proposed changes in the name of greater gender equality, remain controversial, as evidenced by the fact that many Muslim countries have qualified their commitments to gender equality to the extent that such a commitment might conflict with principles of the shariah. Despite the fact that Muslim women have made enormous social progress in the last 150 years, the relationship of Islam to gender equality remains one that is extremely contentious. A more helpful way of understanding contemporary notions of gender equality among religiously committed Muslims is to begin with the contexts in which equality is being demanded.

The clearest context in which gender equality claims are most likely to be controversial is in ritual law. WOMAN IN ISLAM. The Women of Islam. For his day, the Prophet Muhammad was a feminist. The doctrine he laid out as the revealed word of God considerably improved the status of women in 7th century Arabia. In local pagan society, it was the custom to bury alive unwanted female newborns; Islam prohibited the practice. Women had been treated as possessions of their husbands; Islamic law made the education of girls a sacred duty and gave women the right to own and inherit property. Muhammad even decreed that sexual satisfaction was a woman's entitlement.

He was a liberal at home as well as in the pulpit. The Prophet darned his own garments and among his wives and concubines had a trader, a warrior, a leatherworker and an imam. Of course, ancient advances do not mean that much to women 14 centuries later if reform is, rather than a process, a historical blip subject to reversal. Part of the problem dates to Muhammad. Family law in Islamic countries generally follows the prescriptions of scripture.

Women and Islam - Oxford Islamic Studies Online. In Islam, men and women are moral equals in God's sight and are expected to fulfill the same duties of worship, prayer, faith, almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage to Mecca. Islam generally improved the status of women compared to earlier Arab cultures, prohibiting female infanticide and recognizing women's full personhood. Islamic law emphasizes the contractual nature of marriage, requiring that a dowry be paid to the woman rather than to her family, and guaranteeing women's rights of inheritance and to own and manage property. Women were also granted the right to live in the matrimonial home and receive financial maintainance during marriage and a waiting period following death and divorce. The historical record shows that Muhammad consulted women and weighed their opinions seriously. At least one woman, Umm Waraqah , was appointed imam over her household by Muhammad.

Debates continue over the appropriate level of female participation in the public sphere. See also Hijab; Seclusion. Sexual Ethics in Islam and in the Western World | Books on Islam and Muslims. Important notice: The Ahlul Bayt DILP team wishes to inform the reader of some important points regarding this digitized text, which represents the English translation of a work originally written in Farsi. Whereas no one can doubt the best intentions of the translator and the publishers in making this title accessible to an English speaking audience, the editing and digitization process of this book (carried out by the DILP Team) has revealed issues in the quality of translation.

Based upon this fact, the DILP team has taken the liberty to make grammatical corrections to make the text more readable and less ambiguous; spelling mistakes and typographical errors have also been corrected and an attempt has been made to improve the highly non-standard use of transliteration of Arabic names and terms. The online text is not an exact reproduction of the original translation. Users wishing to see the translation as it was published should refer to printed copies available in bookshops.

Why Muslim Women Wear the Veil. In recent years, a small piece of cloth has managed to cause quite a stir. The scarf or hijab that Muslim women wear on their heads is making headlines around the world. Hijab is banned in French public schools and other European countries have adopted, or are drafting similar legislation. In Australia, a radio presenter triggered both debate and outrage when he called for the face veil (niqab) to be banned from banks and post offices. Even predominantly Muslim countries such as Turkey and Tunisia ban the hijab in certain government buildings. There are a myriad of reasons why, but the easy, one sentence answer is, because they believe God has made it an obligation for believing women.

These verses of Quran are known as the verses of hijab and it is the consensus of Islamic scholars that they make the wearing of hijab mandatory. Although the English word scarf and the Arabic term hijab have become interchangeable, it is worth noting that hijab is more than just a scarf.