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Plasmas. Plasmas exist in a wide range of settings and varieties.


Most stars are made up of plasma. The Aurora Borealis is a plasma light show in our upper atmosphere caused by the bombardment from space of the solar wind - another kind of plasma. Lightning bolts are visible plasma trails left by the passage of the electric current that formed it. As stated in the definition, plasma is a gaseous type of state where the matter making the plasma consists of electrically neutral and charged particles. Overall, plasma is electrically neutral having as many positive ions as free electrons distributed through it. ChemThink. Chemistry Virtual Textbook. A reference text for General Chemistry Stephen Lower Simon Fraser University.

Chemistry Virtual Textbook

MSDS ARCHIVE FOR THE CNTECH LABORATORIES. MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) at CNTech Etchants, adhesives, plating baths, etc.


Safety Information All chemicals at CNTech can be idenrified by their CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) Registry Number. This is a unique identifier that tells you, for example, that acetone and dimethyl ketone are actually the same substance. From a safety and inventory perspective, this is a terrific idea. Untitled. Appearance: white crystalline powder.Warning!


Causes severe eye irritation. Causes skin and respiratory tract irritation. Welcome to ChemWeb. NMR Knowledge Base - The NMR Resource. Radiation dosages. UNC Chemistry Fundamentals. An Interactive Educational Exercise Because of special formatting tags needed to display exponents, this site is best viewed with Netscape 3.0 or higher.

UNC Chemistry Fundamentals

If needed, use the link under Useful Materials to download Netscape. Online chemical modeling environment (OCHEM): web platform for data storage, model development and publishing of chemical information. Build an Atom. Conductive Polymers. Lists of Nobel Prizes and Laureates Conductive Polymers Play the Conductive Valley Game.

Conductive Polymers

Bond Energy. If we pass a direct electric current through water containing enough ions to make it a good electrical conductor, it will break down into its constituents: hydrogen and oxygen.

Bond Energy

Both hydrogen and oxygen gas exist as diatomic molecules so the equation for this chemical reaction is The prefixes tell us that it takes 2 molecules of water to produce one molecule of oxygen and two molecules of hydrogen. If we decompose 36 grams of water (2 moles), we produce 2 moles of hydrogen gas (4 g) and one mole of oxygen gas (32 g). In this reaction, covalent bonds between the hydrogen atoms and oxygen atom in water have been broken and new bonds — between the hydrogen atoms in H2 and the oxygen atoms in O2 — have been formed.

This reaction requires the input of energy (electrical in this case). Jp962922n_size-optical_spec.pdf (application/pdf Object)