Rome 400 avant JC
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Festivals in ancient Rome were an important part of Roman religious life during both the Republican and Imperial eras , and one of the primary features of the Roman calendar . Feriae ("holidays" in the sense of "holy days"; singular also feriae or dies ferialis ) were either public (publicae) or private ( privatae ) . State holidays were celebrated by the Roman people and received public funding. Games ( ludi ) , such as the Ludi Apollinares , were not technically feriae , but the days on which they were celebrated were dies festi , holidays in the modern sense of days off work. Although feriae were paid for by the state, ludi were often funded by wealthy individuals.
Etruscans Etruscan culture developed in northern and central Italy after ca 800 BC without a serious break out of the preceding Villanovan culture. The Villanovan culture, the earliest Iron Age culture of central and northern Italy, gave way in the 7th century to an increasingly orientalizing culture that was influenced by Greek traders and Greek neighbors in Magna Graecia, the Hellenic civilization of southern Italy.
VRomans have created many resources for teachers of the Latin language and Roman civilization and culture. The following links are grouped according to the broad categories listed above. Latin Language: The National Latin Exam web site Drills to accompany Oxford Latin by Margaret B.
To Home Page To Course Notes Menu Notice: This material is the copyrighted property of the author and should not be reproduced without the author's permission. Suggested Background Reading The Oxford Classical Dictionary, second edition, s.v. "Names, Personal" — the source of much of the material included in the following discussion.
Roman naming practices varied greatly over the centuries between the founding of Rome to the early Middle Ages. However, the practice of the elite during the period between the mid-Republic and the early Empire has come to be seen as the classical Roman naming convention. This is likely to be because this period provides good evidence of naming practices of the best documented class in the best documented Roman period.
Background and links This site does not attempt to explain all the terms used in the books nor to provide a summary of the political and military structure of ancient Rome. If you are unfamiliar with a particular term or concept, the best reference source is normally the excellent glossary provided in each volume.
What's On View The Greek and Roman galleries reveal classical art in all of its complexity and resonance. The objects range from small, engraved gemstones to black-figure and red-figure painted vases to over-lifesize statues and reflect virtually all of the materials in which ancient artists and craftsmen worked: marble, limestone, terracotta, bronze, gold, silver, and glass, as well as such rarer substances as ivory and bone, iron, lead, amber, and wood. The strengths of the collection include painted Greek vases, Greek grave reliefs, Cypriot sculpture, marble and bronze Roman portrait busts, and wall paintings from two villas on the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, one at Boscoreale and the other at Boscotrecase.
Mission Rome Reborn is an international initiative whose goal is the creation of 3D digital models illustrating the urban development of ancient Rome from the first settlement in the late Bronze Age (ca. 1000 B.C.) to the depopulation of the city in the early Middle Ages (ca. A.D. 550). With the advice of an international Scientific Advisory Committee, the leaders of the project decided that A.D. 320 was the best moment in time to begin the work of modeling. At that time, Rome had reached the peak of its population, and major Christian churches were just beginning to be built.
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