How parental leave rights differ around the world. As in so many things, Scandinavia got there first.
Following today's government announcement, parents in Britain will, from April 2015, be able to share 12 months of leave after the birth of a child; in Sweden, they have have enjoyed that right since 1974. While gaining ground in Europe, the shared parental leave policy, which aims to help women return to the workplace and men to become more involved in caring for new babies, is unknown in much of the world. Some large countries – China and India, for example – allow no leave, paid or unpaid, for fathers at all. Under the UK plan, new mothers must take the first two weeks but will be able to transfer as much of the rest as the couple choose to their partner – or each parent could take 25 weeks together.
UNHCR:The UK and Asylum. What is the difference between a refugee and an asylum seeker?
What are refugees? A refugee is a person who: 'owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country' What is an asylum seeker? An asylum seeker is someone who has applied for asylum and is waiting for a decision as to whether or not they are a refugee. Does the UK have more asylum seekers than most countries? No it does not. (Source: UNHCR 2013 Global Trends Report) FAMILY PLANNING: A GROWING EMPOWERMENT OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN. Date: 11/03/2013.
Challenges-and-Successes-in-Family-Planning-in-Afghanistan.pdf. FAMILY PLANNING: A GROWING EMPOWERMENT OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN. Phases of Singapore's Demographic Development Post World War II. From a population of 1 million in 1950, Singapore's resident population, comprising citizens and permanent migrants, has grown more than three and a half times to 3.7 million in 2009 (5.0 million, if foreigners with permits1 are included).
Singapore's demographic change from the late 1940s can be differentiated into three phases characterised by distinct population trends and socioeconomic developments, with a fourth phase now emerging. Throughout Singapore's various demographic phases, direct measures had been put in place to modify fertility behaviour. Some have contended that the anti-natalist policies carried out by the Singapore Family Planning and Population Board played an important role behind our sharply falling fertility,2,3 and some have noted that Singapore was seen as a "role model for government fertility control" programmes4 in the days when the global attention was on reducing fertility for the sake of sustainable development. Three observations support this view. Averting a Demographic Nightmare in Russia and Eastern Europe.
Over the past 20 years, newspaper readers across the world had grown accustomed to alarming headlines with some variant of “The Russians are Dying Out”.
In the first ten years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, a catastrophic fall in Russia’s birth rate was accompanied by a disturbingly low life expectancy. While Russia continues to experience the negative effects of its post-Soviet demographic slump, the situation is improving noticeably, and the whole post-Communist world should take note. Total fertility rate. Demographic transition and economic growth in Romania. Share: MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal Powered by Translate Author Info Danut-Vasile JEMNA (email@example.com) (“Al.I.
The applicability of the Demographic Transition Model. Demographic changes to boost Brazil's investment appeal. In Brazil, we believe a demographic and social phenomenon is underway as a growing proportion of the population enter the most economically active period of their life.
Some economists have termed this shift in the population profile of Brazil as a demographic bonus because it is likely to strengthen the dynamics of the domestic economy and further boost the country's development. A recent study by the University of Minas Gerais concluded that Brazil has the potential to grow GDP 2.5% per year as a result of this demographic bonus.
This scenario on its own would increase the size of the economy to $3.3 trillion by 2030, about 50% more than what it is today. A more upbeat and positive scenario, not too unreasonable given the likelihood that the maturing population could be used to drive reforms in areas such as social security and pensions over the next two decades, could see an economy with a GDP of $7 trillion and a per capita income level comparable with Spain today. A maturing nation. The Demographic Challenge > Demographic change in Japan. Social & Economic Implications of Shrinking Societies: The Case of Japan WDA Expert Symposium, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2012.
What are the arising challenges and how can they be tackled? What does population ageing and decline mean for Japan’s society, its labor markets, its competiveness & productivity, its financial markets and its public budget etc.? What are Japan’s recipes to cope with its unprecedented demographic challenges? What lessons can be learned from Japan in Europe? IransFamPlanProg_Eng.pdf. Policy_Brief_English_unfpa_web.pdf. Demographic Transition and Growth in Kenya. Kenya’s population has doubled over the last 25 years, to about 40 million people, and rapid population growth is set to continue.
According to recent UN projections, Kenya’s population will grow by around 1 million per year – 3,000 people every day – over the next 40 years and will reach about 85 million by 2050. These are projections; the actual numbers depend on government policies and the broader economic environment; and they may turn out differently. But in the past population science has proven to be relatively accurate, as social structures and behaviors tend to change gradually. How will this rapid population growth—and the even more rapid urbanization that accompanies it—affect Kenya’s development prospects for the next decades?
Among other things, this demographic and geographic transformation will play a key role in determining Kenya’s social stability, which remains fragile after the post-election violence in early 2008. The Demographic Transition Model. Population Pyramids. Demographic Transition Model. Changes in population charactertistics - 3 - Ace Geography. A-level Geography Population Revision - Population models. It is possible you will be asked about the consequences of Population growth.
Firstly, it is important that you appreciate two contrasting viewpoints. The first is from Malthus, who was writing at the end of the 18th century. He believed that only bad could come from population growth. Population he said grows faster than food supply. This he said was because food supply can only grow arithmetically, for example, 1 then 2 then 3-4-5-6-7-8 but, population grows geometrically 2-4-8-16-32-64. Consequently, there is no way food supply can keep up with population growth.
The Challenge of Attaining the Demographic Dividend. Summary (November 2012) Policymakers, researchers, and other stakeholders optimistically discuss the demographic dividend. Most view the benefits as imminent and within grasp. However, many of the least developed countries will be challenged to achieve this economic benefit without substantially lowering birth and child death rates—a process referred to as the "demographic transition.
" While child survival has greatly improved in developing countries, birth rates remain high in many of them. To reach their full economic potential, these countries must act today to increase their commitment to and investment in voluntary family planning. Fertility statistics in relation to economy, parity, education and migration. Towards a 'baby recession' in Europe? Statistics in focus 13/2013; Author: Giampaolo LANZIERIISSN:2314-9647Catalogue number:KS-SF-13-013-EN-N Figure 1: Number of countries by year-on-year change of GDP and TFR,2007-2011Source: Computation of the author on Eurostat data (nama_gdp_k)(demo_find) Figure 2: Number of live births in Europe, 2000-2011Source: Computation of the author on Eurostat data (demo_find) Nobody Home: The Countries Where Population Is on the Decline - TIME Special Report: The World at 7 Billion.
The global population may have increased by an unprecedented one billion in the past 12 years, but not all parts of the planet are sharing in the people boom. In fact, some nations are in the midst of the just the opposite: large-scale population decline. They are mostly former Soviet Republics and Eastern European countries. According to the latest U.N. count, of the 24 nations that registered population falls between 2005 and 2010 only Puerto Rico, Germany and some small island nations were not from this region. The Republic of Moldova — with a dwindling population of 3.6 million sandwiched between larger neighbors Ukraine and Romania — tops the global list of big countries' negative growth, with a 1.1% average annual drop over the five-year period.
Nearby Bulgaria, Georgia and Ukraine are next on the list, each with declines of 0.6%. Distilled Demographics: The Birth Rate. Hans Rosling: Global population growth, box by box. Our organization. Realizing population and development commitments beyond 2014. Is population growth out of control? The respected broadcaster and naturalist, Sir David Attenborough, told the BBC recently that population growth was "out of control" - but one expert says the number of people on the planet could peak in 40 years.
Who should we believe? "The world's population is increasing out of control," Sir David told the BBC's Today programme. "Since I first started making programmes 60 years ago, the human population has tripled. " Two striking claims. Let's take the second one first - that the world's population has tripled in 60 years. In 1950, around the time Sir David began his broadcasting career, there were 2.53 billion people in the world. That is a little shy of tripling - more like a factor of 2.8 - but it's not far off. Demographic Winter. Falling Birth Rates? Demographics, ageing population. Impact consumers, brands, marketing speaker.
Thomas Malthus: Theory of Population. Thomas Robert Malthus was a British economist and a demographer, whose famous Theory of Population highlighted the potential dangers of overpopulation. List of sovereign states and dependent territories by fertility rate. World Fertility Data 2008: Data. GraphPad Prism User Guide. Human Population. Author and Page information by Anup ShahThis Page Last Updated Thursday, June 13, 2002. The World Factbook. How the Total Fertility Rate Impacts a Country's Population.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and Crude Death Rate (CBR) The Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and Crude Death Rate (CBR) are statistical values that can be utilized to measure the growth or decline of a population. The Migration Observatory. Peter Stokes, 2011 Census Statistical Design Manager, speaks with Rob McNeil about migration data and the 2011 UK Census ONS video on fertility rates for non-UK born women living in England & Wales. Myanmar's census falls 9 million short of estimate. 29 August 2014Last updated at 13:42 ET Full details of the census, including data on the country's ethnic groups, will be released next year Myanmar's first census in more than 30 years has revealed that the country has 9 million fewer people than it thought.