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How parental leave rights differ around the world | Money. As in so many things, Scandinavia got there first. Following today's government announcement, parents in Britain will, from April 2015, be able to share 12 months of leave after the birth of a child; in Sweden, they have have enjoyed that right since 1974. While gaining ground in Europe, the shared parental leave policy, which aims to help women return to the workplace and men to become more involved in caring for new babies, is unknown in much of the world. Some large countries – China and India, for example – allow no leave, paid or unpaid, for fathers at all. Under the UK plan, new mothers must take the first two weeks but will be able to transfer as much of the rest as the couple choose to their partner – or each parent could take 25 weeks together. The first 39 weeks will be paid at the statutory minimum.

In Norway, the quota was introduced in 1993 and now totals 14 weeks. The United States No paid parental leave; a maximum of 12 weeks' unpaid parental leave for mothers and fathers. UNHCR:The UK and Asylum. What is the difference between a refugee and an asylum seeker? What are refugees? A refugee is a person who: 'owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country' What is an asylum seeker? An asylum seeker is someone who has applied for asylum and is waiting for a decision as to whether or not they are a refugee. Does the UK have more asylum seekers than most countries?

No it does not. (Source: UNHCR 2013 Global Trends Report) How many refugees are there in the UK? At the end of 2013, the population of refugees, pending asylum cases and stateless persons made up just 0.23% of the population. The vast majority of refugees stay in their region of displacement, so that 86% of the world’s refugees are hosted by developing countries. UNFPA in Afghanistan -- FAMILY PLANNING: A GROWING EMPOWERMENT OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN. Date: 11/03/2013 Use of modern family planning methods in Afghanistan has doubled from 10 percent in 2003 to 20 percent in 2012.

Still much more needs to be done in order to achieve the Government of Afghanistan target to increase the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate to 40% by 2016. UNFPA Afghanistan supports the Ministry of Public Health to take steps to meet the family-planning needs and to assist couples and individuals to achieve their reproductive goals and give them the full opportunity to exercise the right to have children by choice. "It is important and essential that we talk about family planning. In my school nobody knows anything about reproductive health. With 327 deaths per 100,000 live births reported in AMS 2010, Afghanistan is still considered one of the most dangerous countries to be a mother.

Although more than ninety in currently married women know of a method of contraception, only 20 per cent use some kind of contraceptive method with clear socio-economic differences. Challenges-and-Successes-in-Family-Planning-in-Afghanistan.pdf. UNFPA in Afghanistan -- FAMILY PLANNING: A GROWING EMPOWERMENT OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN IN AFGHANISTAN. Phases of Singapore's Demographic Development Post World War II. From a population of 1 million in 1950, Singapore's resident population, comprising citizens and permanent migrants, has grown more than three and a half times to 3.7 million in 2009 (5.0 million, if foreigners with permits1 are included).

Singapore's demographic change from the late 1940s can be differentiated into three phases characterised by distinct population trends and socioeconomic developments, with a fourth phase now emerging. Throughout Singapore's various demographic phases, direct measures had been put in place to modify fertility behaviour. Some have contended that the anti-natalist policies carried out by the Singapore Family Planning and Population Board played an important role behind our sharply falling fertility,2,3 and some have noted that Singapore was seen as a "role model for government fertility control" programmes4 in the days when the global attention was on reducing fertility for the sake of sustainable development.

Three observations support this view. Averting a Demographic Nightmare in Russia and Eastern Europe. Over the past 20 years, newspaper readers across the world had grown accustomed to alarming headlines with some variant of “The Russians are Dying Out”. In the first ten years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, a catastrophic fall in Russia’s birth rate was accompanied by a disturbingly low life expectancy. While Russia continues to experience the negative effects of its post-Soviet demographic slump, the situation is improving noticeably, and the whole post-Communist world should take note. Total fertility rate The total fertility rate (TFR) is a synthetic variable created by demographers which estimates the number of children the average woman in a society bears in her fertile years, between 15 and 49.

In industrialised countries, the TFR must be 2.1 for the population to be stable in the long-term. Under Communist rule, Russia’s TFR was always at replacement level or slightly below. During the 1990s, however, it collapsed dramatically, falling to 1.17 in 1999. The French model. Demographic transition and economic growth in Romania. Share: MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal Powered by Translate Author Info Danut-Vasile JEMNA ( (“Al.I. Cuza” University of Ia? Abstract In Romania, the phenomenon of demographic transition has been present since the second half of the last century, having certain features also met in the developed countries: the drop in fertility, the increase in life expectancy, the decrease in infant mortality. Download Info If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first.

Bibliographic Info Article provided by Gheorghe Zane Institute for Economic and Social Research ( from THE ROMANIAN ACADEMY, JASSY BRANCH) in its journal THE YEARBOOK OF THE „GH. Volume (Year): 20 (2011) Issue (Month): 2 () Pages: 103-112 Handle: RePEc:zan:ygzier:v:20:y:2011:i:1:p:103-112 Contact details of provider: Email: institut@ices.roWeb page: information through EDIRC Related research References Citations Lists.

The applicability of the Demographic Transition Model. Demographic changes to boost Brazil's investment appeal. In Brazil, we believe a demographic and social phenomenon is underway as a growing proportion of the population enter the most economically active period of their life. Some economists have termed this shift in the population profile of Brazil as a demographic bonus because it is likely to strengthen the dynamics of the domestic economy and further boost the country's development. A recent study by the University of Minas Gerais concluded that Brazil has the potential to grow GDP 2.5% per year as a result of this demographic bonus.

This scenario on its own would increase the size of the economy to $3.3 trillion by 2030, about 50% more than what it is today. A more upbeat and positive scenario, not too unreasonable given the likelihood that the maturing population could be used to drive reforms in areas such as social security and pensions over the next two decades, could see an economy with a GDP of $7 trillion and a per capita income level comparable with Spain today.

A maturing nation. The Demographic Challenge > Demographic change in Japan. Social & Economic Implications of Shrinking Societies: The Case of Japan WDA Expert Symposium, Switzerland, May 23-25, 2012. What are the arising challenges and how can they be tackled? What does population ageing and decline mean for Japan’s society, its labor markets, its competiveness & productivity, its financial markets and its public budget etc.? What are Japan’s recipes to cope with its unprecedented demographic challenges? Broadly speaking, all the developed economies will face demographic slow-downs and unprecedented population aging in the decades to come, but Japan stands to be the most heavily burdened by these upcoming trends.

In 2008, the country recorded around 40 % as many births as it had 60 years earlier. The Japanese have an average life expectancy of 83 years, higher than any other country in the world. According United Nations Population Statistics estimates, these demographic trends will drive Japan’s total population down from 127 million to 114 million by 2030.

IransFamPlanProg_Eng.pdf. Policy_Brief_English_unfpa_web.pdf. Demographic Transition and Growth in Kenya. Kenya’s population has doubled over the last 25 years, to about 40 million people, and rapid population growth is set to continue. According to recent UN projections, Kenya’s population will grow by around 1 million per year – 3,000 people every day – over the next 40 years and will reach about 85 million by 2050. These are projections; the actual numbers depend on government policies and the broader economic environment; and they may turn out differently. But in the past population science has proven to be relatively accurate, as social structures and behaviors tend to change gradually. How will this rapid population growth—and the even more rapid urbanization that accompanies it—affect Kenya’s development prospects for the next decades?

Among other things, this demographic and geographic transformation will play a key role in determining Kenya’s social stability, which remains fragile after the post-election violence in early 2008. Figure 2 – Kenya’s demographic transformation. The Demographic Transition Model. Population Pyramids. Demographic Transition Model. Changes in population charactertistics - 3 - Ace Geography. A-level Geography Population Revision - Population models. It is possible you will be asked about the consequences of Population growth.

Firstly, it is important that you appreciate two contrasting viewpoints. The first is from Malthus, who was writing at the end of the 18th century. He believed that only bad could come from population growth. Population he said grows faster than food supply. Consequently, there is no way food supply can keep up with population growth. Population grows exponentially, for example, 1-2-4-8-16-32-64. Food supply grows arithmetically, for example, 1-2-3-4-5-6. Therefore, population will inevitably exceed food supply. He then went on two say that there are two possible outcomes. Firstly, he said population could exceed food supply only to be positively "checked" (reduced) by famine, war, and disease. * Population exceeds food supply and is kept in check by war, famine, or disease.

. * Here, as population starts to approach the limits of the food supply, so growth slows. So who is correct?


The Challenge of Attaining the Demographic Dividend. Summary (November 2012) Policymakers, researchers, and other stakeholders optimistically discuss the demographic dividend. Most view the benefits as imminent and within grasp. However, many of the least developed countries will be challenged to achieve this economic benefit without substantially lowering birth and child death rates—a process referred to as the "demographic transition.

" While child survival has greatly improved in developing countries, birth rates remain high in many of them. The demographic dividend is the accelerated economic growth that may result from a decline in a country's mortality and fertility and the subsequent change in the age structure of the population. Fertility must decline substantially for countries to attain the demographic dividend. Historically, a transition to smaller families has both accompanied and contributed to improved child survival. In addition, by delaying the age at first birth, population growth could also slow substantially. References. Fertility statistics in relation to economy, parity, education and migration. Towards a 'baby recession' in Europe?

Statistics in focus 13/2013; Author: Giampaolo LANZIERIISSN:2314-9647Catalogue number:KS-SF-13-013-EN-N Figure 1: Number of countries by year-on-year change of GDP and TFR,2007-2011Source: Computation of the author on Eurostat data (nama_gdp_k)(demo_find) Figure 2: Number of live births in Europe, 2000-2011Source: Computation of the author on Eurostat data (demo_find) Table 1: Simulated number of live births in 2009-2011 according to various scenariosSource: Computation of the author on Eurostat data (demo_find)(demo_pjan) Figure 3: Average total fertility rate by 3-year periods, 2000-2011Source: Computation of the author on Eurostat data (demo_find) Table 2: Total fertility rate in European countries, 2000-2011Source: Eurostat (demo_find) Table 4: Percentage of TFR attributable to live births of first order (TFR 1) and to live births of order two and over (TFR 2+), 2007-2011Source: computation of the author on Eurostat data (demo_fordagec)(demo_pjan)

Nobody Home: The Countries Where Population Is on the Decline - TIME Special Report: The World at 7 Billion. The global population may have increased by an unprecedented one billion in the past 12 years, but not all parts of the planet are sharing in the people boom. In fact, some nations are in the midst of the just the opposite: large-scale population decline. They are mostly former Soviet Republics and Eastern European countries. According to the latest U.N. count, of the 24 nations that registered population falls between 2005 and 2010 only Puerto Rico, Germany and some small island nations were not from this region. The Republic of Moldova — with a dwindling population of 3.6 million sandwiched between larger neighbors Ukraine and Romania — tops the global list of big countries' negative growth, with a 1.1% average annual drop over the five-year period. Nearby Bulgaria, Georgia and Ukraine are next on the list, each with declines of 0.6%.

Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, Hungary, Croatia, the Russian Federation, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Estonia are also shrinking, population wise. Distilled Demographics: The Birth Rate. Hans Rosling: Global population growth, box by box. Our organization | About. Realizing population and development commitments beyond 2014. Is population growth out of control? The respected broadcaster and naturalist, Sir David Attenborough, told the BBC recently that population growth was "out of control" - but one expert says the number of people on the planet could peak in 40 years. Who should we believe? "The world's population is increasing out of control," Sir David told the BBC's Today programme. "Since I first started making programmes 60 years ago, the human population has tripled.

" Two striking claims. Let's take the second one first - that the world's population has tripled in 60 years. In 1950, around the time Sir David began his broadcasting career, there were 2.53 billion people in the world. Sixty-three years later and the latest estimate of world population is 7.16 billion. That is a little shy of tripling - more like a factor of 2.8 - but it's not far off. The "out of control" claim is less easily measurable, but perhaps it could be interpreted as the idea that the population will continue to grow at the same rate, roughly tripling in 60 years. Demographic Winter. Falling Birth Rates? Demographics, ageing population. Impact consumers, brands, marketing speaker. Thomas Malthus: Theory of Population. Thomas Robert Malthus was a British economist and a demographer, whose famous Theory of Population highlighted the potential dangers of overpopulation.

Malthus put forth his ideas in six editions of his famous treatise 'An Essay on the Principle of Population'. His thinking took shape under the influence of the optimistic ideas of his father and his friends especially Rousseau, for future improvement of the society. In the first edition of his treatise, Malthus put forth his views that opposed the belief of scholars like Marquis de Condorcet and William Godwin who were optimistic about population growth in England.

During the Industrial Revolution, England experienced a steep increase in its population. In his book "The Enquirer", William Godwin promoted population growth as a means for human beings to attain equality. According to him, an increased population would create more wealth that would provide food for the whole humanity.

The Theory Assumptions Proposed Solutions Impact Criticism. List of sovereign states and dependent territories by fertility rate. World Fertility Data 2008: Data. GraphPad Prism User Guide. Human Population. The World Factbook. How the Total Fertility Rate Impacts a Country's Population. Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and Crude Death Rate (CBR) Census videos | The Migration Observatory. Myanmar's census falls 9 million short of estimate.