Open Source Software
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Open-source software ( OSS ) is computer software with its source code made available and licensed with an open-source license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software for free to anyone and for any purpose. Open-source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the most prominent example of open-source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open-content movements. [ 1 ] A report by the Standish Group (from 2008) states that adoption of open-source software models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ edit ] History The free software movement was launched in 1983.
Linux ( i / ˈ l ɪ n ə k s / LIN -əks [ 6 ] [ 7 ] or / ˈ l ɪ n ʊ k s / LIN -uuks ) [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel , an operating system kernel first released 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds . [ 11 ] [ 12 ] Linux was originally developed as a free operating system for Intel x86 -based personal computers. It has since been ported to more computer hardware platforms than any other operating system.