Miu.org.il/MIU_v4/docs_resources/Toolbox/city_and_urban_texture_the_complex_and_compact_city.pdf. Interview with Jan Gehl. Jan Gehl, an architect and urban designer, is principal of Gehl Architects – Urban Quality Consultants, based in Copenhagen. Gehl has worked with a number of cities, including Copenhagen, London, New York City, and Guangzhou on how to become more people friendly.
His most recent book is Cities for People. In your new book Cities for People, you say that the way cities have been planned and developed dramatically changed over the past few years, much for the worse. What happened to many cities? The big change in paradigms happened around 1960. At the same time, planning took off as a profession.
You would think that the landscape architects were the ones. I sum up that in 50 years nobody has systematically looked after a good urban habitat for Homo sapiens. You argue that caring for people in the city is central to achieving “lively, safe, sustainable and healthy cities.” In many countries, a world has been organized where you don’t have to move at all. Interview conducted by Jared Green. Jan Gehl: The City Is Big. How to Study Public Life / Island Press “I graduated at the first worst point in city planning,” said Jan Gehl, the famed urban designer, at a crowd of hundreds at the National Building Museum in Washington, D.C. The 1960s were the era “when the architect was big and the city was small.”
Eventually, Gehl, who is trained as an architect, saw the light. He married a psychologist, who asked him, “why do architects hate people so much?” He soon realized there was a great “void of knowledge” about how to create buildings and public spaces people actually want to inhabit. So for the past 40 years, Gehl has picked up where activist and author Jane Jacobs left off, and “studied the life of the city in the way same a traffic engineer studies the flow of traffic.” Gehl’s six books, many of which are viewed as seminal reads in urban design, have been translated into 28 languages. Two Destructive Paradigms Over the past 50 years, we’ve had two major paradigms, said Gehl. Dubai / Dubai Dhow blog. תוכנית מתאר לוד. Reconstruction of Nahr el-Bared Refugee Camp. The homes of 27,000 Palestinian refugees will be replaced as part of this reconstruction project underway at Nahr el-Bared, 16 kilometres outside of Tripoli, Lebanon (+ slideshow).
First established in the 1940s to accommodate refugees from the Lake Huleh area of northern Palestine, the 19-hectare Nahr el-Bared refugee camp was almost entirely destroyed during the 2007 conflict between the Lebanese Armed Forces and the extremist group Fatah Al-Islam. Thousands of families were forced to abandon their homes and seek temporary refuge at another nearby camp. In 2008 the United Nations Relief & Works Agency embarked on an ambitious project to replace the buildings that had been destroyed. Working alongside the community-based Nahr el-Bared Reconstruction Commission, the team developed an eight-phase masterplan for 5000 houses, 1500 shops and six school complexes.
The Nahr el-Bared reconstruction is one of 20 projects on the shortlist for the Aga Khan Award 2013. The Coming Bold Transformation of the American City - Enrique Peñalosa. In 40 years, 2.7 billion more people will live in world cities than do now, according to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Urban growth in China, India, and most of the developing world will be massive. But what is less known is that population growth will also be enormous in the United States. The U.S. population will grow 36 percent to 438 million in 2050 from 322 million today. At today’s average of 2.58 persons per household, such growth would require 44.9 million new homes.
However American households are getting smaller. If one were to estimate 2.2 persons per household—the household size in Germany today and the likely U.S. size by 2050—the United States would need 74.3 million new homes, not including secondary vacation homes. This means that over the next 40 years, the United States will build more homes than all those existing today in the United Kingdom, France, and Canada combined. Why Did People Leave Traditional Cities? New York in 1867. Giant's Causeway Visitors' Centre by Heneghan Peng Architects. The stone mullions surrounding this visitor centre by Irish firm Heneghan Peng Architects imitate the towering basalt columns of the volcanically formed Giant's Causeway (+ slideshow).
Created around 60 million years ago by the movement of basalt lava, the causeway is the most popular tourist attraction in Northern Ireland and comprises over 40,000 columns that step down from the foot of the cliff into the sea. Heneghan Peng Architects won a competition in 2005 to design a visitor centre for the Giant's Causeway, providing exhibition spaces, a cafe, toilets and a giftshop. The new building opened this summer and is described by the architects as "two folds into the landscape". The first fold rises up from the ground to create a building with a sloping grass roof, while the second angles down to form a car park and entrance that meets the level of the approaching road. "It is a carefully sculpted intervention," say the architects. Photography is by Hufton + Crow. יורגן האברמאס. יִירְגֵן הַאבֶּרְמַאס (בגרמנית: Jürgen Habermas; נולד ב-18 ביוני 1929) הוא פילוסוף ותאורטיקן חברתי גרמני במסורת של התאוריה הביקורתית.
עבודתו מתמקדת ביסודות התאוריה החברתית והאפיסטמולוגיה, בניתוח של חברות קפיטליסטיות תעשייתיות מתקדמות, של דמוקרטיה ושלטון החוק בהקשר ביקורתי והתפתחותי-חברתית, ושל פוליטיקה עכשווית, בעיקר בגרמניה. שימש פרופסור לפילוסופיה באוניברסיטת פרנקפורט. נבחר ב-1994 כחבר האקדמיה הבריטית, בשנת 2005 זכה בפרס הולברג, ובשנת 2012 בפרס היינריך היינה. הגותו[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה] האברמאס, יליד דיסלדורף, שילב מספר מסורות אינטלקטואליות לכדי מסגרת מקיפה של תאוריה חברתית ופילוסופית: בשנת 1971 קיבל משרה במכון מקס פלאנק שבשטארנברג (ליד מינכן) ועבד שם עד שנת 1983, שנתיים לאחר שפרסם את עבודתו הגדולה, התאוריה של פעולה תקשורתית (The Theory of Communicative Action). מטרתו העיקרית של האברמאס הייתה יצירת תאוריה חברתית שהיא גם מסגרת מוסרית אוניברסלית בלתי מדכאת וכוללנית. האברמאס מפורסם כמורה וכמנחה.
הספירה הציבורית[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה] לקריאה נוספת[עריכת קוד מקור | עריכה] Antonio Sant'Elia - Galleria, la città nuova. VINCENT CALLEBAUT ARCHITECTE PROJETS TOUT.