# KNOWLEDGE

How Retailers Use Personalized Prices to Test What You’re Willing to Pay. Executive Summary Orbitz, the travel website, offers slightly different prices to customers who are shopping through its app or a computer, and even between two different users on the same platform.

Some of this may be due to experimentation and testing, but it’s also a sign that web retailers are using technology to try to offer personalized pricing — a practice some might consider a form of price profiling. TED Talks List. Knapsack problem. Example of a one-dimensional (constraint) knapsack problem: which boxes should be chosen to maximize the amount of money while still keeping the overall weight under or equal to 15 kg?

A multiple constrained problem could consider both the weight and volume of the boxes. (Answer: if any number of each box is available, then three yellow boxes and three grey boxes; if only the shown boxes are available, then all but the green box.) The knapsack problem or rucksack problem is a problem in combinatorial optimization: Given a set of items, each with a mass and a value, determine the number of each item to include in a collection so that the total weight is less than or equal to a given limit and the total value is as large as possible.

It derives its name from the problem faced by someone who is constrained by a fixed-size knapsack and must fill it with the most valuable items. Applications Definition Mathematically the 0-1-knapsack problem can be formulated as: Let there be items,

## Cobra effect

Game theory. Mark Vanhoenacker. The Eye May 29 2015 9:03 AMWhy Do Airplane Windows Have Tiny Holes?

Mark Vanhoenacker The Eye March 10 2015 9:16 AMWhy Is There an Arrow on My Hotel Room Ceiling? Mark Vanhoenacker The Eye Dec. 18 2014 12:12 PMWhat Do These New York Road Signs’ Odd Markings Mean? The Eye Sept. 22 2014 9:12 AMWhat Is This Singaporean Road Sign Trying to Tell Us? Science July 2 2014 11:48 PMThe Contradiction at the Heart of Road-TrippingThirteen ways to minimize your nature-loving drive’s cost to nature.Mark Vanhoenacker The Eye. Agile Ranking. Search Algorithms with Google Director of Research Peter Norvig. Socialist millionaire. In cryptography, the socialist millionaire problem[1] is one in which two millionaires want to determine if their wealth is equal without disclosing any information about their riches to each other.

It is a variant of the Millionaire's Problem[2][3] whereby two millionaires wish to compare their riches to determine who has the most wealth without disclosing any information about their riches to each other. It is often used as a cryptographic protocol that allows two parties to verify the identity of the remote party through the use of a shared secret, avoiding a man-in-the-middle attack without the inconvenience of manually comparing public key fingerprints through an outside channel. In effect, a relatively weak password/passphrase in natural language can be used. Motivation Alice and Bob have secret values and , respectively.

Without allowing either party to learn anything else about the other's secret value. , not even whether Off The Record Messaging protocol A prime, , of By as. Is it morally wrong to use adblock ? Introduction to Machine learning - Google Slides. The Machine Learning Revolution: How it Works and its Impact on SEO. Machine learning is already a very big deal.

It's here, and it's in use in far more businesses than you might suspect. A few months back, I decided to take a deep dive into this topic to learn more about it. In today's post, I'll dive into a certain amount of technical detail about how it works, but I also plan to discuss its practical impact on SEO and digital marketing. For reference, check out Rand Fishkin's presentation about how we've entered into a two-algorithm world. Rand addresses the impact of machine learning on search and SEO in detail in that presentation, and how it influences SEO. The Current State of Machine Intelligence.

The Current State of Machine Intelligence (This was originally posted on www.shivonzilis.com/machineintelligence) I spent the last three months learning about every artificial intelligence, machine learning, or data related startup I could find — my current list has 2,529 of them to be exact.

Yes, I should find better things to do with my evenings and weekends but until then… Why do this? A few years ago, investors and startups were chasing “big data” (I helped put together a landscape on that industry). What is “machine intelligence,” anyway? I mean “machine intelligence” as a unifying term for what others call machine learning and artificial intelligence. Computers are learning to think, read, and write.

What this landscape doesn’t include, however important, is “big data” technologies. Benmccormick.org. Lumiverse. Neural Networks Demystified.

21 hot programming trends. Programmers love to sneer at the world of fashion where trends blow through like breezes.

Skirt lengths rise and fall, pigments come and go, ties get fatter, then thinner. But in the world of technology, rigor, science, math, and precision rule over fad. That's not to say programming is a profession devoid of trends. The difference is that programming trends are driven by greater efficiency, increased customization, and ease of use. The new technologies that deliver one or more of these eclipse the previous generation.